摘抄翻译:为什么中国防止狂犬病收效甚微?

为什么中国防止狂犬病收效甚微?

http://www.infzm.com/content/60678

 中国的狂犬病防治问题,多年来也一直受到全国人大代表和政协委员的高度关注,每年都会提出大量相关的提案和建议。这些提案和建议多半是向卫生部提出,这实际上是一个认识的误区。面对这些提案,卫生部在自己的职权范围内,只好拼命增加人用狂犬病疫苗的生产量和人群的接种量,所以中国人用狂犬病疫苗越打越多,全世界超过80%的狂犬病疫苗都被中国人打了,付出了惨重的代价,但结果却只能是治标不治本,问题迟迟不能从根本上得到解决。中国的狂犬病问题,其实质就是“农业部管的狗咬了卫生部管的人”,而各个国家的经验都是“管好狗才能控制住狂犬病”,所以中国狂犬病的防控,农业部应该起主导作用。 当前,农业部特别应当从狂犬病防治的政治意义和战略高度着眼,积极、主动地推进人用狂犬病疫苗技术向兽用疫苗的转化,促成合格的兽用狂犬病疫苗尽快上市。

The disconnect between efforts to protect animal health and human health in China has dangerous consequences as seen in the SARS epidemic and the avian flu epidemic threat. The bureaucratic problem and its dangerous health consequences are still with us, as the PRC national weekly newspaper Southern Weekend pointed out on June 23.

On June 23, Southern Weekend on p. D26 ran an article asking “Why have China’s Efforts Against Rabies Been So Ineffective?”

The key paragraph: China’s Rabies prevention problem has been brought up many times by representatives to the National People’s Congress and the Chinese People’s Consultative Congress. They make many proposals each year. Most of these proposals are made to the Ministry of Public Health. That is to misunderstand the problem. The Ministry of Public Health, faced with these suggestions, can only redouble its efforts to increase the production of rabies vaccine for human use and increase the number of people getting those vaccinations. So China has been giving more and more rabies vaccinations. More than 80% of the world’s rabies vaccinations are given to Chinese people. The cost is high but it hasn’t been very effective because it only treats the symptoms and not the root cause. The real rabies issue for China is that “The Ministry of Agriculture is in charge of dogs that bite and the Ministry of Public Health is in charge of people.” Moreover, the experience of many countries is that “managing the dog problem is that only way to control and stop rabies”. Therefore the Ministry of Agriculture should take the leading role in rabies prevention. The Ministry of Agriculture should address the rabies prevention problem from a high level political and strategic perspective and vigorously take the initiative to use rabies vaccination technology and focus it on animal vaccinations so that a veterinary rabies vaccine will quickly come to market.

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