翻译摘要:南风窗 台湾民主发展之我见

南风窗最近登了两篇关于台湾的文章。 中国大陆的163。com的新闻论坛上有很多人正在讨论这两篇文章。 http://comment.news.163.com/news_shehui7_bbs/79AL3LTU00011SM9.html

 http://www.nfcmag.com/articles/3021

 对大陆 人而言,台 湾是个遥远却又令人向往的地方。记忆中小学语文课本的那一篇《日月潭》,是宝岛台湾第一次闯入印象。属于中国的风光旖旎的宝 岛,和大陆只隔着浅浅的海峡,却很长时间以来“我在这 头你在那头”,相见 不如怀念。因此,心中遐想的台湾,像远观一幅油画,生疏而神秘。

  其后,台湾的书籍和流行歌曲扑面而来,我们知道 了,那里是李敖,柏杨,三毛,罗大佑的故乡,那里有忠孝东路,淡水和基隆。

2008年台湾 大选结束以 后,马英九在庆祝大选胜利的会上自诩台湾民主是亚洲民主的灯塔。但是,对于中国大陆的民众来讲,他们所了解的台湾民主却有不 同的表象,这些包括“立法院”里“全武行”的打 斗、严重的权钱交易式的贿选,以及用开枪的方式改变选举结果的“传统”等。 更为严重的是在一些人的眼里,所谓的台湾民主就是台独。该怎样看待台湾民主的变化以及它对台湾社会的影响 呢?笔者从2001年起曾 经多次到台湾访问,也看了多次台湾不同类型的选举。

台湾民主发展之我见 

这两篇文章论集体与个人往台湾旅游开放之后,大陆人士对台湾的理解会加深。第二篇文章,   台湾民主发展之我见     是李凡 世界与中国研究所所长写的。

我把李凡的文章最后一段翻译成英文。

所以根据我的理解,台湾民主的结果,尤其是两轮政党轮替的结果是台湾社会的 人权和公民自由权 获得了极大的提高。举例来说,在台湾民主化过程开始的时候,社会需要更多的自由,因此需要解除戒严,开放报禁,因此台湾 出版法的恢复就成了保证出版自由的法律依据。但是在台湾 民主发展的今天, 这个曾经是无数社会人士希望得到的出版法已经被取消,这个取消不是说出版自由被取消,而是台湾现在的言论自由程度已 经不再需要出版法来加以规范了。台湾任何公民如果有财力的话都可以办杂志报纸,办出版社,办媒体就 像登记注册一个公 司这么简单。

这表明,台湾民主所带来的重大变化,是台湾人民已经有了空前的自由,也就是空前 的人权,任何人在台湾都可以感觉到前所未有的自由和尊严。因此从民主发展的角度来看,是民主推动了人权的提高,而反过来人权 的发展又推动了民主的前进。而保证这个民主——人权发展正常秩序的就是法治。所以以前只有在欧美国家(亚 洲是日本)才 存在的法治,现在台湾也可以看到了。而这个法治由于文化上的差异,在中华文化的地区曾被认为是难于建立的。

Therefore, according to my understanding, the result of Taiwan democracy and especially the result of two changes in the ruling political party is that human rights and democracy have made great progess. For example, when Taiwan began its democratization process, society needed more freedom, so there was a need to end martial law, and end the ban on independent newspapers. Therefore the restoration of the Taiwan Publishing Law became the legal basis for guaranteeing publishing freedom. With the development of democracy in Taiwan today, this publishing law which untold numbers of people put their hopes on has already been eliminated. This elimination does not mean that the freedom has been eliminated, but that freedom of speech in Taiwan has reached the point that the publishing law is no longer needed to regularize it. Any Taiwan citizen who can afford it can establish a magazine or newspaper. Establishing a media organization is just as easy as seting up a company.

This shows that the democratization of Taiwan has brought great changes. The people of Taiwan have unprecedented freedom and unprecdented human rights. Any person on Taiwan can feel greater freedom and respect than before. Therefore from the angle of democratic devleopment, democracy pushed forward advances in human rights,and conversely, advances in human rights pushed forward democracy. The guarantor of this democracy — the normal development of human rights in an orderly way — is the rule of law. Heretofore, the rule of law only existed in Europe and the United States (and Japan in Asia) . Now we can see the rule of law in Taiwan. And some people had said that because of cultural differences it would be hard to establish the rule of law in Chinese cultural areas.

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