翻译最后一段话 西安华商报11月27日评论:不能让城市人都变成肺癌患者

[冯海宁在西安华商报11月21日的头条评论  不能让城市人都变成肺癌患者  最后一段我翻译成英文。 我很少在中国大报评论看到那么坦率的话。可能我看得报纸还不够,可是我原来想批评国家政策在那么重要的一个领域会被真理不部门过滤出去的。]

 其次,城市污染到底有多严重,需要尽快摸清并公布。也就是说,还原空气质量真相。目前,衡量空气质量最重要的指标是PM2.5标准,但据说2016年我国才会有这个标准,显然太晚了。环保部官员承认,如果增加PM2.5监测指数,全国70%的城市不达标。但这只是估计的结果,而公众需要真实的监测数据。再者,治理灰霾不能拖。即不能等到2016年有了PM2.5标准之后才来治理,而是从现在起就要下手治理。把灰霾天气数量和相关监测数据与官员政绩挂钩,甚至实行一票否决制,才有希望减少灰霾危害。从相关报道来看,灰霾不仅是肺癌致病头号杀手,还会影响人的情绪以及引发神经系统、心血管系统疾病等。

 Translation:

 Secondly, we need to immediately determine and release information on just how bad city air pollution really is. That is, we have to start talking turkey on air pollution.  Currently the most important index for judging air quality is the PM 2.5 standard but according to reports China will not adopt that standard until 2016.  That is clearly too late.   Officials at the Ministry of Environmental Protection admit that if China were to add the PM 2.5 index  [to the particulate levels it currently monitors] that 70% of Chinese cities would not meet the air quality standard.  But that is only a guess; what the people need are real air quality monitoring data.

 Moreover, solving the smog problem can’t wait.  We can’t even delay remediation until after 2016.  We need to start remediation now.  Smoggy weather data and related data need to become part of the “political accomplishments” by which officials are judged.  We should even create a veto system [Note: in which failure to reach a certain goal is a bar to promotion not matter what other goals have been achieved.]  Only in this way is there hope of reducing the harm that smog does.  From relevant information we can see that smog is not only the leading cause of lung cancer, it also effects people’s moods and leads to disorders of the nervous system, circulatory system and other illnesses.

 

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