英文翻译:缅甸与美国关系升温,对中国很不利?

缅甸与美国关系升温,对中国很不利?

http://dzh.mop.com/whbm/20111121/0/lFSOlOI28318daFz.shtml

 

美国对缅甸政策正在发生重大变化。美国总统奥巴马18日在印尼巴厘岛参加东亚峰会时表示,他决定派国务卿克林顿下月初访问缅甸,这将是50多年来首位美国国务卿对缅甸的访问。

奥巴马说,他于17日在专机上与昂山素季通了电话,昂山素季表示,支持美国与缅甸接触推动缅甸民主进程。奥巴马说,克林顿国务卿将在访缅时探寻美国能在哪些方面为缅甸的政治改革、人权和全国和解提供支持。但奥巴马警告说,尽管缅甸已取得显著进展,但仍需深化改革才能与美国建立新的关系。

众多外媒分析,希拉里对缅甸的短暂访问,只是“美国维护太平洋权利的一大跳板”,如此高调拉拢缅甸的最终目标是争夺“重新分配东南亚的权利。”国际舆论认为“美国对缅甸态度巨变的真实目的”是为了包围、遏制中国。就连缅甸也有专家认为,在“全面重返亚太”的大前提下,美国突然转变对缅甸的态度,绝不是支持改革这么简单。

美联社报道指出,虽然美国官方否认此行剑指中国,并强调华府将就美缅关系事宜,密切跟中国磋商,但事件已令外界进一步关注美国加紧在东南亚展开牵制中国的外交攻势,甚至是否想挖中国牆脚。

报道称,多年来因备受西方孤立制裁的缅甸,长期靠拢中国,惟随缅甸军政府去年举行大选,成立实际上仍由建制势力控制的新政府后,开始加快政经改革,并有减少依赖中国之势。缅甸早前以顺应民意为由,中止了中国资助的大型水电站建设项目,便令外界震惊。

南洋国际商报报道指出,缅甸隐然成为中国跟印度和西方的新角力场,中缅关系近两年变得复杂,缅美沟通却在升温,有中国学者认为,美国此举与在东南亚增加军事存在一样,意在从战略上遏制中国。

但也有学者认为,长期“朝鲜式”的政治孤立,已使缅甸成为中国的外交负资产,缅甸国际交流的正常化,对中国也有好处。

外交学院教授周永生表示,缅甸虽然贫穷,但战略位置相当重要。

而国际关系学院国际政治系学者时殷弘则指出,缅甸内外有所松弛,未必不符中国利益。如果缅甸继续完全孤立,就像朝鲜一样,将在外交方面继续使中国为难。

This article was posted on hundreds of PRC discussion boards over the past week; its origin is not clear.

 Is the Warming in U.S. – Burma Relations Very Disadvantageous to China?

缅甸与美国关系升温,对中国很不利?

 U.S. policy towards Burma is changing radically.  U.S. President Obama on November 18 at the East Asia Summit in Indonesia said that he decided that Secretary of State Clinton would visit Burma next month, the first U.S. Secretary of State to visit Burma in 50 years.

 Obama said that on November 17 he spoke with Aung San Suu Kyi on the telephone.  She said that she supported U.S. contacts with Burma to promote democracy.  Obama said that Secretary Clinton during her visit would support Burma’s democratic reforms, human rights, and national reconciliation.  But Obama also warned that although Burma is clearly making progress, it still needs to deepen its reform if it is to establish a new relationship with the United States.

 Many foreign policy analysts said that for Secretary Clinton, this brief visit to Burma is a “big springboard for defending its rights in the Pacific region”.  These big noble words of friendship for Burma are really aimed at “re-configuring the distribution of rights in Southeast Asia”.  International opinion considers that “the real reason for the big change in the American attitude is “in order to surround and contain China.  There are analysts in Burma as well that believe that considering that the U.S. is “across the board returning to the Asia-Pacific region”, claiming that the U.S. would suddenly change its attitude towards Burma for the sake of supporting reform is much too simple an explanation.

 The Associated Press reported that U.S. officials deny this trip is aimed at China, and stress that will exchange views with China about U.S. – Burma relations.   However, this trip has already made the world see that the U.S. is strengthening its diplomatic offensive in SE Asia to contain China and may even be thinking of digging a hole to undermine the foundations of the Chinese wall.

 According to reports, Burma, which has been isolated by western sanctions for many years, has relied upon a long time upon China. Yet this was disrupted when the Burma military government last year held elections and established a new government that in fact it still controls, started a trend of stepping up the pace of political reform and reducing reliance on China. Burma has already, on the pretext of going along with public opinion, astonished the world by stopping a big hydroelectric project funded by China.

 The Nanyang International Commerce News [Nanyang Guoji Shangbao]  pointed out that Burma is quietly becoming a new arena of competition among China, India and the West.  This is making China – Burma relations more complex.  Burma – U.S. relations are getting warmer.  Some Chinese scholars believe that this U.S. trip to Burma, just like U.S. increased military involvement in SE Asia, is aimed at strategic containment of China.

 Some scholars believe, however, that long-term “DPRK-style” political isolation has already made Burma a political burden for China and so that normalization of Burma’s international relations is good for China too.

 Prof.  Zhou Yongsheng of the China Foreign Affairs University said that although Burma is poor it has an important strategic position.

 The scholar Shi Yinhong of the Department of International Politics at the Institute of International Relations pointed out that relaxation of tensions in Burma, both domestically and in its foreign relations, does not necessarily run counter to China’s own national interests.  If Burma were to continue to remain completely isolated, it will become another North Korea and so be a continual problem for China.

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