The Cadres’ Reader: Correctly Handle Contradictions Among the People, Do Mass Work Well Under the New Circumstances  published March 2011 by the Zhongguo Chang’an Chubanshe  includes recent speeches or reports of speeches given by Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping on fighting corruption (see the list in the table of contents copied below), managing society, and mass work.  The book is also available in the dangdang.com online bookstore http://product.dangdang.com/product.aspx?product_id=21047206&ref=search-1-pub   .

I can’t tell if it is particularly authoritative, but it is sold in one of the Chengdu Xinhua bookstores and is in the cadre study books section on dangdang under  “readings for party and government cadres”  http://list.dangdang.com/book/
The discussion of Stalinism in the section on “The worsening of relations between the party and the masses is an important reason for the failure of the rule of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union”. My summary translation is below.  The Chinese text is in the attached PDF file.
In Stalin’s purges great numbers of people were murdered, tortured, compelled to confess, and forced to make accusations against family and friends, thus destroying great numbers of innocent people.  The purges are traced to Stalin’s incorrect party line of 1927 —  “As we make progress, the opposition of the capitalist elements will grow stronger and so the class struggle will be sharper”.  Stalin’s error was Stalin’s incorrect handling of many contradictions within the Party and contradictions within the people as contradictions between ourselves and the enemy.  The result not only harmed the people and Party of the USSR, but also society, morality and leaving psychological scars.  The French writer Romain Rolland  after witnessing these events during a trip to the USSR, wrote to Stalin upon his return to France, imploring him to act humanely in the purges. Imploring Stalin in the name of humanity not to carry on the class struggle shows just how impotent Romain Rolland’s humanitarianism was.   The core issue is that Romain Rolland lived in a country in which a capitalist class revolution had already taken place and so freedom, democracy and human rights had already become became basic values of the people there.  Rolland hoped that a socialist country could create a socialist democracy far better than the democracies of the capitalist countries.  This hope was disappointed and so affected what Rolland and the people around him thought of socialism. The ever widening purges of Stalin created a great wound in the human heart that will take many generations to heal.
A page later, a paragraph from the 1995 Chinese translation Romain Rolland’s Moscow Diary on the evils of corruption and other self-aggrandizement within the Soviet Communist Party are quoted to make the point that cadres are “public servants and should not stress the special nature of their work, they should choose the path of the public servant and be satisfied with that.  The Soviet Union’s cadres said the people are the masters of the states,but made all sorts of decisions that harmed the public interest.   They criticized the corrupt lifestyles of the West, and limited the chances people had to come into contact with Western society but at the same time enjoyed their special privileges of shopping privileges at stores where they could buy imported goods cheaply and sent their children abroad to study in western countries.
Naturally, Chinese could say the same thing about the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution as the cadre books says about Stalin’s purges, but talking about the USSR gets the point across without talking about uncomfortable issues. The handling of riots or demonstrations in Tibetan areas vs. non-Tibetan areas is an example too, I’d say.  Riots in Tibetan areas are handled as contradictions with the enemy while riots in ethnic Han areas are treated more gently as contradictions within the people, and attributed to corrupt officials or other local problems.
My guess would be that talking about the new circumstances  新形势 mentioned at the 17th Party Congress Fourth Session is a way of making discussing an alternative approach more acceptable.
A quick search reveals that a January 2010 Beijing Ribao article by Li Junru, deputy president of the Central Party School, wrote discussed what the “new circumstances” mean.   He wrote that the confluence of economic, international, and domestic change including rapid urbanization and informatization and the changing demographics of the Communist Party need be considered and means that China is at a new historical starting point.

李君如:执政党建设遇到的“新形势”是什么 (What Does it Means that the Building of the Governing Party Has Entered a “New Situation”)  http://theory.people.com.cn/GB/10695428.html







1 人民群众是历史的创造者

About 高大伟 David Cowhig

Worked 25 years as a US State Department Foreign Service Officer including ten years at US Embassy Beijing and US Consulate General Chengdu and four years as a China Analyst in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research. Before State I translated Japanese and Chinese scientific and technical books and articles into English freelance for six years. Before that I taught English at Tunghai University in Taiwan for three years. And before that I worked two summers on Norwegian farms, milking cows and feeding chickens.
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