翻阅李君如:执政党建设遇到的“新形势”是什么

The Cadres’ Reader: Correctly Handle Contradictions Among the People, Do Mass Work Well Under the New Circumstances  published March 2011 by the Zhongguo Chang’an Chubanshe  includes recent speeches or reports of speeches given by Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping on fighting corruption (see the list in the table of contents copied below), managing society, and mass work.  The book is also available in the dangdang.com online bookstore http://product.dangdang.com/product.aspx?product_id=21047206&ref=search-1-pub   .

I can’t tell if it is particularly authoritative, but it is sold in one of the Chengdu Xinhua bookstores and is in the cadre study books section on dangdang under  “readings for party and government cadres”  http://list.dangdang.com/book/01.27.01.07.html
The discussion of Stalinism in the section on “The worsening of relations between the party and the masses is an important reason for the failure of the rule of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union”. My summary translation is below.  The Chinese text is in the attached PDF file.
In Stalin’s purges great numbers of people were murdered, tortured, compelled to confess, and forced to make accusations against family and friends, thus destroying great numbers of innocent people.  The purges are traced to Stalin’s incorrect party line of 1927 —  “As we make progress, the opposition of the capitalist elements will grow stronger and so the class struggle will be sharper”.  Stalin’s error was Stalin’s incorrect handling of many contradictions within the Party and contradictions within the people as contradictions between ourselves and the enemy.  The result not only harmed the people and Party of the USSR, but also society, morality and leaving psychological scars.  The French writer Romain Rolland  after witnessing these events during a trip to the USSR, wrote to Stalin upon his return to France, imploring him to act humanely in the purges. Imploring Stalin in the name of humanity not to carry on the class struggle shows just how impotent Romain Rolland’s humanitarianism was.   The core issue is that Romain Rolland lived in a country in which a capitalist class revolution had already taken place and so freedom, democracy and human rights had already become became basic values of the people there.  Rolland hoped that a socialist country could create a socialist democracy far better than the democracies of the capitalist countries.  This hope was disappointed and so affected what Rolland and the people around him thought of socialism. The ever widening purges of Stalin created a great wound in the human heart that will take many generations to heal.
A page later, a paragraph from the 1995 Chinese translation Romain Rolland’s Moscow Diary on the evils of corruption and other self-aggrandizement within the Soviet Communist Party are quoted to make the point that cadres are “public servants and should not stress the special nature of their work, they should choose the path of the public servant and be satisfied with that.  The Soviet Union’s cadres said the people are the masters of the states,but made all sorts of decisions that harmed the public interest.   They criticized the corrupt lifestyles of the West, and limited the chances people had to come into contact with Western society but at the same time enjoyed their special privileges of shopping privileges at stores where they could buy imported goods cheaply and sent their children abroad to study in western countries.
Naturally, Chinese could say the same thing about the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution as the cadre books says about Stalin’s purges, but talking about the USSR gets the point across without talking about uncomfortable issues. The handling of riots or demonstrations in Tibetan areas vs. non-Tibetan areas is an example too, I’d say.  Riots in Tibetan areas are handled as contradictions with the enemy while riots in ethnic Han areas are treated more gently as contradictions within the people, and attributed to corrupt officials or other local problems.
My guess would be that talking about the new circumstances  新形势 mentioned at the 17th Party Congress Fourth Session is a way of making discussing an alternative approach more acceptable.
A quick search reveals that a January 2010 Beijing Ribao article by Li Junru, deputy president of the Central Party School, wrote discussed what the “new circumstances” mean.   He wrote that the confluence of economic, international, and domestic change including rapid urbanization and informatization and the changing demographics of the Communist Party need be considered and means that China is at a new historical starting point.

李君如:执政党建设遇到的“新形势”是什么 (What Does it Means that the Building of the Governing Party Has Entered a “New Situation”)  http://theory.people.com.cn/GB/10695428.html

——————-

内容简介

  正确处理人民内部矛盾,做好新形势下的群众工作,是胡锦涛在中央政治局第23次集体学习以及十七届五中全会和中央纪委17届6次全体会议上讲话的重要精神。胡锦涛强调指出:面对复杂多变的国际形势,面对艰巨繁重的改革发展任务,我们要深刻认识正确处理人民内部矛盾的重要性和紧迫性,着眼于最大限度激发社会创造活力、最大限度增加和谐因素、最大限度减少不和谐因素,更加积极主动地处理好人民内部矛盾,为推动科学发展、促进社会和谐,为实现全面建设小康社会奋斗目标、加快推进社会主义现代化创造?好社会环境。同时指出:要大力加强干部队伍作风建设,保持党同人民群众的血肉联系。
本书按照胡锦涛总书记的有关讲话精神,从做好群众工作的重要意义、新形势下群众工作的特点、做好新形势下群众工作的基本要求、主要内容和方式方法、加强党对群众工作的领导等方面进行了阐述。书中收录了胡锦涛关于正确处理人民内部矛盾、做好群众工作的有关讲话,是党员干部加强社会管理、正确处理人民内部矛盾、做好新形势下群众工作的权威辅导读物。

目录

胡锦涛在中共中央政治局第二十三次集体学习时强调
扎实做好正确处?人民内部矛盾工作为经济社会发展创造良好社会环境
胡锦涛在十七届中央纪委六次全会上发表重要讲话强调
深入贯彻落实以人为本执政为民理念扎实开展党风廉政建设和反腐败斗争
胡锦涛在省部级主要领导干部社会管理及其创新专题研讨班开班式上发表重要讲话强调
扎扎实实提高社会管理科学化水平建设中国特色社会主义社会管理体系
习近平与中央党校省部班学员座谈时强调
领导干部要不断提高新形势下群众工作水平
习近平在省部级主要领导干部专题研讨班结业式上强调
群众工作是社会管理基础性?常性根本性工作
周永康在研究部署信访工作时强调
认真学习贯彻胡锦涛总书记讲话精神坚持以人为本执政为民做好信访工作
周永康在省部级主要领导干部专题研讨班上强调
认真学习贯彻胡锦涛总书记重要讲话适应经济社会发展新形势加强和创新社会管理
绪论

在线试读部分章节

一、马克思主义的群众观点
党的十七大报告指出,要坚持人民是历史创造者的历史唯物主义观点,坚持全心全意为人民服务,坚持群众路线,真诚倾听群众呼声,真实反映群众愿望,真情关心群众疾苦,多为群众办好事、办实事,做到权为民所用、情为民所系、利为民所谋。党的群众工作,是党的领导社会主义现代化建设事业的基础和执政事业的基础。坚持党的群众观点,是做好新形势下群众工作、团结和带领群众为建设中国特色社会主义而努力奋斗的思想基础。坚持马克思主义群众观点,首先必须明确马克思主义群众观点的基本内容。
1 人民群众是历史的创造者
人民群众是历史的创造者,深刻揭示了党的群众观点的根基。“要牢固树立人民群众是历史创造者的观点”,突出了党的群众观点的辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义的哲学理论依据和客观基础。综观中外历史,无数的史实雄辩地说明,人民群众是历史的创造者,是历史的主人。马克思主义充分肯定人民群众创造历史的伟大作用,提出了“人民群众是历史的创造者”这一历史唯物主义的基本观点;充分肯定人民群众的伟大实践对改造世界和认识世界的伟大作用,提出了“实践是认识的基础”这一辩证唯物主义认识论的首要的和基本的观点。“人民群众是历史的创造者”和“实践是认识的基础”这两个相互密切联系的理论观点,是党的群众观点的重要哲学依据。因此,在群众观点的表述上,把“人民群众是历史的创造者的观点”醒目地放在首位提出来,就使整个群众观点的表述有了充分的客观基础和马克思主义科学的哲学理论依据,使群众观点有了无可辩驳的真理性。
人民群众通过改造世界的实践活动,创造了社会的物质财富和物质文明。物质财富的创造,是人类社会赖以存在和发展的基础,是人类社会第一个历史活动。马克思主义认为:人们首先应当确定一切人类生存的第一个前提,也就是一切历史的第一个前提,这个前提是:人们为了能够“创造历史”,必须能够生活。但是为了生活,首先就需要吃喝住穿以及其他一些东西。因此第一个历史活动就是生产满足这些需要的资料,即生产物质生活本身。有了创造物质资料的第一个历史活动,人们才能从事科学、文化、艺术、政治等其他社会活动。因此,历史正是由创造物质资料的人民群众创造的。没有人民群众进行物质财富的创造,人们便无法开展其他一切活动,便没有人类社会的生存和延续,也无法推动社会历史的进步。
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