Local and provincial GDP statistics are inherently unreliable and tempt officials to fake economic statistics, say two PRC National People’s Congress Standing Committee members.
Wu Xiaoling of the NPC standing committee (former vice president of the Bank of China and of the PRC Foreign Exchange Control Bureau, and author of some scholarly books) says that local GDP figures should be abolished. GDP should be used at the national level but since there is no customs control between provinces or localities. This can cause considerable duplication of data as goods move back and forth. Moreover officials are powerfully tempted to fake local GDP data to make themselves look good. GDP statistics should be abolished below the national level.
Another NPC Standing Committee member, Zhu Yongxin (former VP of Suzhou University) criticized officials who offer one statistic when they want to make themselves look good but then another statistic when they want to receive assistance.
Zhu Yongxin also said that the penalties for falsifying statistics in the Statistics Law revision draft are too light. “According to a study of the last 25 years of the Statistics Law, the highest level official to have been punished for falsifying statistics is was at the county level. No official above the county level has ever been punished for falsifying statistics. But if we take a look at statistical reporting we see that particularly GDP figures are fakes, financial figures are often faked at the local level, and also at the provincial level. But that punishment has never gone above the county level. Zhu suggested making penalties for falsifying statistics more severe in the draft revision of the Statistics Law.
PRC Mandates Spring 2009 Survey of Peasant Migrants and their Employers
The PRC Ministry of Labor and Social Security has mandated surveys of migrant workers and their potential employers (including plans for new hiring during the two months after Spring Festival) are getting underway across China.
The employers survey “企业春季用工需求调查”Company Spring Labor Supply and Demand Survey will be carried out in 26 big cities. The survey of laborers going outside their area will be carried out in principal labor exporting counties. “农村外出务工人员就业情况调查”
According a December 23, 2008 Huaxi Dushibao 华西都市报 Chengdu newspaper report, the results will be released to the public, at least here in Sichuan. In Chengdu the survey was to be taken December 22 – December 31.
The reporting order (red letter document) from the PRC Ministry of Labor and Social Security on the surveys is copied below. Instructions how to use the software to organize and transmit the data to Beijing was then online at http://www.lm.gov.cn/down2009.htm
I found online a powerpoint presentation from the Ministry of Labor and Social Security dated November 2008 also discusses how to use this software for data entry of human resources surveys and for transmission of the data to Beijing. The power point presentation is at http://www.molss.gov.cn/images/2008-11/06/1511050616537653081710.ppt
Being a bit agnostic about Chinese statistics, I found the attached file and ppt presentation interesting. Not being trained in the field, so I can’t say how good it is.
During a trip to Guizhou recently, I was told “In China statistics are very carefully checked for accuracy from the center all the way down to the county and the township level where the local officials make them up.”
From the PRC Ministry of Labor and Social Security website at http://www.hrb-labor.gov.cn/labnet/labcms/html/zuixinwenjian/20081224/1848.html
[日期:2008-12-24 08:45:11 ] [ 来源: 作者: ]
(see the remainder of this document at the URL above. Now you know why they call them “red header documents” Hóngtóu wénjiàn 红头文件 )