Why do the Leaders of the Generation of “Educated Youth” Want to Restore the Planned Economy?

A September 29, 2018 comment posted after an article on the Financial Times Chinese language website.   A comment the same writer made just a few minutes previously, reviewing the history of Chinese reform, is at https://gaodawei.wordpress.com/2018/10/07/chinese-readers-comments-on-ft-chinese-language-website/

Comment from Wangchdq of Daqing City, Heilongjiang Province [other comment-articles by Wangchdq are available on the FT Chinese website.]

Why do the Leaders of the Generation of “Educated Youth” [Sent Down to the Countryside during the Cultural Revolution] Want to Restore the Planned Economy?

The old image of “The Nine Dragons Controlling the Irrigation Waters” [each in their own separate way and ineffectively] is a weak mode of leadership and cannot stop the inevitable evolution of things.

It is merely a path towards greater authoritarianism.

On January 14, 2018, Zhou Xincheng’s big theoretical article “The Communists Can Sum up their Theories in One sentence: the Elimination of Private Ownership”, published in the “Flags” commentary column, the article attacked the Central Party School, making accusations against the Central Party Schools and Colleges There are a group of anti-Marxist professors that were doing serious harm to the ideology of the Communist Party. Zhou Xincheng even went so far to accuse them of being “traitors.”

Naming Zhang Wuchang and Wu Jinglian as advocates for private ownership, Zhou Xincheng wrote:

“That kind of thinking had become such a “strongly implanted mindset” that that is so “into the hearts of the people” that when that blatantly anti-Party and anti-socialist neo-liberal Zhang Wuchang characterized China’s “reform experience” at a cadre meeting held by an economic management department, he screamed, “I can refute the ideology of the Soviet Union in just one sentence: human nature is selfish” and “The experience of Mainland China was a complete failure”, “The only way forward is privatization”.

The leading cadres present there not only do not refute him but instead they collected the talks of Zhang Wuchang and published them in an open publication. Wasn’t that a strange thing to happen in socialist China! I really don’t know if the oaths of those leading Party cadres were sincere or just a joke.”

That Zhou Xincheng would make a murderous Cultural Revolution-style critique like this means that he must have strong support. He is an honored senior professor and member of the National People’s Congress. If he did not have powerful backing, he would not have had the strength and the confidence to attack the Central Party School.”

Zhou Xincheng’s attack on the Central Party School and fight against people within the system who favor privatization such as Zhang Wuchang and He Jinglian reflects the paradox that the leaders of the generation of educated youth want to prepare public opinion for the restoration of the planned economy.

In fact, attacks on privatization is not the first sign of the preparation of public opinion. The restoration is already underway in the manner of slowly raising the water temperature to boil frogs in the manner of “work quietly, there is no need to shoot”. Ninety-five percent of the rural townships in China have supply and marketing co-operatives. The restoration of the planned economy has been carried out in the warm water boiled frogs. “Work quietly, don’t shoot.” 95% of the towns and villages in the country have a supply and marketing cooperatives; through them the planned economy system will be gradually restored.

“Over the past five years, China has restored more than 10,000 grassroots supply and marketing cooperatives, bringing the total up to 30,000. The rural township coverage rate has increased from 56% in 2012 to 95%.”

In other words, as early as the “Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China”, the restoration of the planned economy has already taken its first step.

At the end of January, the Communist Party Central Committee and the State Council issued the “Notice on Launching a Special Struggle Against Smuggling and to Eliminate Evil”. For the first time since 1983, after a lapse of 35 years, a “Strike Hard” campaign was underway once more.

Foreign exchange controls have never been more stringent. This is not a matter of already having exchanged the upper limit of 50,000 US dollars per person per year. No, now you will have trouble exchanging RMB for just a few hundred dollars in cash. That probably won’t work since new rule is: If you already have US dollars, you can take them.

Why do the leaders of the educated youth want to restore the planned economy? Under the impact of the five major crises of fewer young people, the collapse of manufacturing, the real estate bubble, breakdown in the social pension system, and the rapid decline of foreign exchange reserves, China’s economic collapse is close at hand. Without restoring the planned economy, there will be no way to maintain stability!

The planned economy is the socialist economy. In a purely planned economy, there is no market and so it it will not be affected by the crisis of the market economy. The planned economy generally does not have an economic crisis because it shares shortages among everyone and avoids the bubbles from excess supply. There is a risk there too – in fact, the planned economy is in crisis every day because it leads to shortages and widespread poverty.

The essence of socialism, to put it bluntly, is to “dismantle the East Wall and repair the West Wall”, that is, spreading share the losses some people are responsible for among the entire population, and giving the government great power to mobilize society through its planning of the economic system in order to implement this kind of “strict equality”.

Therefore, in a socialist society, economic problems are unlikely to threaten the regime in power.

Do not think for a moment that the government would be reluctant to restore the planned economy merely because it would be harmful to China’s economic development.

Reply Support (305) Against (21)


wangchdq 来自黑龙江省大庆市知青一代领导为什么要复辟计划经济?

“九龙治水”是弱主模式,此后必然发生方向演变:
就是只有向威权主义方向演变。
2018年1月14日,周新城的大块头理论文章《共产党人可以把自己的理论概括为一句话:消灭私有制》,在《旗帜》栏目发表,文章炮打中央党校,指控:中央党校各部和学院,都有一批反马克思主义教授,严重危害党的意识形态,周新城甚至把这些上升到“叛徒”的高度。
文章点名狠批主张私有制的张五常和吴敬链,周新城恶狠狠地说:
“这种思想是那么“深入人心”,以致当赤裸裸地反党反社会主义的新自由主义分子张五常在一个经济管理部门召开的干部会上介绍“改革经验”时,狂妄地叫嚷“我一句话就可以把苏俄意识形态驳倒:人的本性是自私的”,“大陆的经验一败涂地”,“唯一的出路是私有化”,在座的领导干部不仅不予以反驳,相反,却把张五常的讲话结集公开出版。这在社会主义中国,岂不是咄咄怪事!真不知道这些领导干部的宣誓是真心还是假意”
这段杀气腾腾的文革式大批判,反映出周新城来头不小,来势汹汹,作为一个人大的资深御用教授,如果没有靠山,是绝对没有炮打党校的底气的。
周新城炮打党校、狠批体制内私有化泰斗张五常、何敬链,其实就是知青一代领导复辟计划经济的舆论开道。
其实,狠批私有化已经不是复辟的舆论先声,复辟计划经济早在温水煮青蛙的进行当中,“悄悄地干活,开枪地不要”。全国95%的乡镇又有了供销社,将逐步恢复计划经济体制》。
“五年来,我国恢复重建基层供销社一万多家,总数超过三万家,乡镇覆盖率从2012年的56%提高到目前的95%。”
也就是说,早在“十九大”前,复辟计划经济,就已经迈出了第一步。
元月下旬,中央、国务院发出《关于开展扫黑除恶专项斗争的通知》,自1983年之后,时隔35年,再次掀起“严打”运动。
外汇管制前所未有的严厉,不要说早已越过了每人每年50000美元的上限,现在就是取几百美元现金,很可能都不行,因为新规定是:有美元,才能取。
知青一代领导为何要复辟计划经济?因为在年轻人口崩盘、制造业崩盘、房地产泡沫、社会养老断裂、外贸全面滑坡五大危机的冲击下,中国经济崩溃已近在咫尺,非复辟计划经济不足以“维稳”!
计划经济也就是社会主义经济,纯粹的计划经济,因为不存在市场,所以不会受到市场经济危机的冲击,计划经济一般也不存在经济危机,因为它以人为的平均短缺,避免了泡沫化(过剩)的风险——实际上,计划经济每一天都在危机,因为它导致短缺和普遍的贫穷。
而社会主义的本质,说穿了就是“拆东墙,补西墙”,即把一部分人造成的亏损,平摊到每一个人的头上,计划经济体制,就赋予了政府的最大社会动员力,以实行此种 “平摊”。
也因此,社会主义社会,很难因为经济问题动摇国家政权。
不要以为政府会忌惮复辟损害经济发展。

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About 高大伟 David Cowhig

Worked 25 years as a US State Department Foreign Service Officer including ten years at US Embassy Beijing and US Consulate General Chengdu and four years as a China Analyst in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research. Before State I translated Japanese and Chinese scientific and technical books and articles into English freelance for six years. Before that I taught English at Tunghai University in Taiwan for three years. And before that I worked two summers on Norwegian farms, milking cows and feeding chickens.
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One Response to Why do the Leaders of the Generation of “Educated Youth” Want to Restore the Planned Economy?

  1. Lowell Dittmer says:

    Brilliant analhysis and thanks for the translation.

    Like

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