PRC Media Opinion Monitor Weekly: What Right Does the USA Have to Criticize China?

I just heard about this weekly analysis of PRC views on U.S. – China relations and made a translation.  Discouraging stuff but that is the way things are going these days. The other guy is always to blame and with the US media taking more seriously “criticism and self-criticism” more thoroughly and in depth than Chinese media it is easy to get a one-sided view of things. Still, it is good to see what others are saying about you.  Like all good propaganda, it hurts to the extent that there is some truth to it.   To further promote one-sided news — and to protect China from ideological contamination perhaps —  mostly likely Chinese  红客 hongke (apparently from hong heike  红黑客)  patriotic hackers regularly down the Chinese language side of the U.S. – China Perceptions monitor website.  I substituted via Google Translate links to the original links to Chinese press and social media items to render them into machine-translated English that carries the idea albeit awkward or plain wrong in places. 

The Carter Center’s review of Chinese news media and social media opinion is part of the U.S. – China Perception Monitor‘s effort to build bridges for understanding. The translation I made below from the June 14, 2022 issue of their regular newsletter published on Chinese 美中故事汇 website. The main website 美中故事汇 [US – China Report]. Reading this website US-China Report through the somewhat-distorting lens of Google Translate’s machine translation is enlightening but should be done cautiously. Read for the gist. For example, the title that came up today through GT is “This American university president is not good” the correct translation would be something like “Being President of this U.S. University is a Tough Job”. the same goes for the other links through GT that I put to the links provided in the original Chinese text.

U.S media opinion is diverse and often highly critical of the government and leading politicians. China it can be said is somewhat different. The Carter Center’s U.S – China Perception Monitor has web sites in both English and Chinese so that people from both countries could understand opinion in the other’s country. The Chinese language page is regularly attacked, no doubt by Chinese official or unofficial patriotic hackers.

Good background for understanding PRC press opinion is He Qinglian’s The Fog of Censorship: Media Control in China which paints a detailed portrait of the workings of the Chinese censorship system.  Available as a free PDF format book download from the publisher, Human Rights in China . Download the book at http://www.hrichina.org/sites/default/files/PDFs/Reports/HRIC-Fog-of-Censorship.pdf

While media control is strict, Chinese opinion is not monolithic. Some Chinese scholars occasionally do manage to publish their personal sometimes unorthodox views. These are sometimes speedily erased from the Internet within China. Preventing ideological contagion is a top priority of the Chinese Communist Party. Still while Party and public discipline has intensified considerably under General Secretary Xi Jinping, maintaining ideological discipline while building an ever-modernizing state in the old spirit of “reform and opening” is a difficult task even for Xi Jinping’s re-interpretation of Deng Xiaoping Theory for the New Era.


What Right Has the USA to Criticize China – and What’s Wrong with the USA? (II)

Weekly Compilation (June 6-12)

by 仝馨 June 14, 2022

[Editor’s Note] On May 26, Secretary of State Blinken released a speech on U.S. policy toward China, and on June 12, Chinese Defense Minister Wei Fenghe met with U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin on the sidelines of the Shangri-La Security Dialogue. During this period, the U.S.-China relationship itself, as well as on sensitive issues such as Taiwan, the South China Sea, and regional security in the Asia-Pacific region, which all underlie the dynamics of U.S.-China relationship, The U.S. and China are each hold firmly to their own views and are at odds with each other. This is making the U.S.-China relationship increasingly tense and the way forward unclear. Where is the U.S.-China relationship headed? In the Chinese context, “relationship” is a form of interpersonal interaction that is influenced by perceptions and perceptions can influence decision-making. Therefore, as the U.S. and China “go head-to-head,” it is especially important to sort out and organize the perceptions of each country from top to bottom. Starting on May 29, the U.S.-China Storytellers will compile a brief weekly compilation of Chinese reports and commentaries on the United States from the Chinese government, official media, think tanks and private media, with the aim of exploring their perceptions of the “U.S.-China relationship” from the Chinese perspective. The purpose of this compilation is to explore the Chinese side’s perception of “U.S.-China relations” in order to better understand China’s relevant diplomatic statements and policies and to provide an entry point for improving U.S.-China relations. The overall title of this compilation is “What’s Up with America?” . This issue covers the period from June 6 to June 12 Eastern Time.

Government (Foreign Ministry)

At a regular press conference on June 6, Zhao Lijian criticized Anthony Blinken’s remarks in his China policy speech in which he accused China of engaging in “coercive diplomacy. Zhao said, “China has never engaged in any coercion, and is firmly opposed to coercion by other countries. One of the traditions of Chinese diplomacy is the equality of all nations, large and small. When China’s national sovereignty and national dignity are coerced and infringed upon, the measures taken by China are reasonable and legitimate countermeasures, defending the legitimate rights and interests of the country and upholding international justice and equity.” At the same time, Zhao Lijian also pointed out that the United States is the originator of coercive diplomacy, which is mainly manifested by the threat of force, political isolation, economic sanctions and technological blockade. In response to a reporter’s question about religious freedom in China, Zhao Lijian pointed out that “respecting and protecting religious freedom is the basic policy of the Communist Party of China and the Chinese government in dealing with religion,” and that “the so-called ‘genocide’ in Xinjiang is an outright lie. This is an outright lie. Zhao pointed out that the U.S. has a long-standing problem of “racial discrimination” and a “policy of genocide against Indians,” and that the U.S. use of this as a pretext to interfere in China’s internal affairs “exposes its own hypocrisy and double standards. The U.S. has used this excuse to interfere in China’s internal affairs to “expose its hypocrisy and double standards. At the same time, Zhao Lijian said, “The U.S. side has repeatedly speculated on lies related to Xinjiang, Tibet and Hong Kong, just to create excuses for smearing and suppressing China, as a tool to interfere in China’s internal affairs and split China.”

On June 7, in response to the Washington Post’s report that “China is secretly building a dedicated naval facility at Cambodia’s Yunyang naval base,” Zhao Lijian said that “the Yunyang base renovation aims to strengthen the Cambodian Navy’s ability to maintain maritime territorial integrity and combat maritime crime.” Zhao Lijian pointed out that “the U.S. side has ignored the position of the Cambodian side, repeatedly speculated maliciously, attacked and discredited, and even threatened and pressured Cambodia. This is typical of U.S. typical bullying.” Meanwhile, in response to a reporter’s question about gun violence in the United States, Zhao Lijian said, “The U.S. government should face up to its own poor human rights situation and governance deficit, instead of using human rights as an excuse to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries.”

On June 8, Zhao Lijian said at a regular press conference that “the U.S. government itself is the world’s largest purveyor of disinformation” and described the U.S. side as an “empire of lies” and “diplomacy of lies. He described the U.S. side as an “empire of lies” and “diplomacy of lies.

On June 9, in response to a reporter’s question, Zhao Lijian once again pointed out the “systematic human rights violations by the United States” and said “the U.S. side should face up to and effectively address its own violations of child labor rights and protect the legitimate rights and interests of its children.” Meanwhile, Zhao Lijian responded to the U.S. arms sales to Taiwan, saying, “The U.S. arms sales to Taiwan seriously undermine China’s sovereignty and security interests, and seriously damage Sino-U.S. relations and peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait. The U.S. side should abide by the one-China principle and the provisions of the three U.S.-China joint communiqués and stop arms sales to Taiwan and U.S.-Taiwan military ties. China will continue to take resolute and strong measures to firmly defend its sovereignty and security interests.”

On June 10, Zhao Lijian commented on the Capitol Hill riot at a regular press conference, saying that this shocking event once again exposed the nature of the U.S. side’s political maneuvering pushing its own double standard of democracy. The attack on the Capitol is an “attempted coup” in the United States while they would call it a “color revolution” if it occurred in other countries. Zhao Lijian said, “The U.S. side should deeply reflect on its own ‘democratic deficit. Labeling, politicizing and weaponizing democracy will only harm people and themselves.” Meanwhile, in response to recent Russian revelations about U.S. biomilitary activities in Ukraine, Zhao Lijian said “the United States is the country with the most biomilitary activities in the world” and urged the U.S. side to clarify its compliance with the Biological Weapons Convention.

Official Media

China Military Website

China Military Net is the only news portal of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), approved by the Central Military Commission of China, and is the online version of the PLA Daily, the organ of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China.

On June 10, China Military Net released an article titled “Playing ‘arms sales to Taiwan’ card frequently, US is determined to be a ‘clown’ without principles”, which stated “The United States, for its own selfish interests, does one thing to one’s face and another behind the scenes. On the one hand, U.S. dignitaries swear not to support Taiwan independence and have no intention of clashing with China; on the other hand, they continue to sell arms to Taiwan. They are sending wrong signals to the separatist forces of Taiwan independence, and frequently create trouble in order to contain China’s progress toward reunification, power and The Chinese government has been selling weapons to Taiwan and has been making frequent misleading signals to the “Taiwan independence” separatist forces. All of this is the result of extreme selfishness and Cold War thinking.”

China Daily

On June 6, China Daily Bilingual News published a report entitled “Ideological Infiltration Standard Operating Procedure Exposed! What has this American organization done?” The article. The article alleged that the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) finances separatist forces, instigates color revolutions, and colludes with political groups with the aim of “subverting regimes in target countries in order to foster pro-U.S. regimes and transplant ‘American-style’ democratic systems to those countries. At the same time, the article says, “the National Endowment for Democracy concocts false information and ‘packages’ it as a so-called ‘academic authority’. It tries to hoodwink the world with a false face of ‘objectivity and impartiality’ in order to hype anti-government rhetoric.” As of June 12, the article had been read by 45,000 people, with 320 likes and 182 retweets. Only 1 selected message had passed the web censorship: the comment was “[The National Endowment for Democracy] does everything but good things.”

Xinhua News Agency

On June 8, Xinhua News Agency published an article titled “‘The USA is in a Bad Mood’! Poll shows 80% of Americans pessimistic about economic outlook,” the report said. According to the report, “The survey found that Americans are now in a bad mood and their dissatisfaction with the economy has reached its highest level in recent years. This pessimism is not only about the current economy, but also includes doubts about the U.S. political system, its global leadership position and its ability to help most people achieve the American dream. Some 83 percent of respondents believe the economy is in poor or not-too-good shape. This is the highest level of dissatisfaction in a poll conducted by the National Opinion Research Center since 1972.”

On June 9, Xinhua News Agency published an international commentary titled “The U.S. is the Dangerous One in China-U.S. Relations – One of a Series of Comments on U.S. Policy Toward China.” According to the commentary, “The recent U.S. speech on China policy spreads false information and discredits China’s domestic and foreign policies. It also blamed China for the problems in Sino-U.S. relations, and made great efforts to exaggerate the so-called “China threat”. This “tall tale” is a complete reversal of black and white. The U.S. is the one who caused the difficulties in Sino-U.S. relations, both in terms of history and the truth.” The commentary also said, “The United States has wrongly positioned China as a “strategic competitor. In fact, “competition” is just a synonym for “containment.” “The U.S. is smearing, blocking and suppressing China, seriously damaging China’s legitimate interests. From attacking the leadership of the Communist Party of China to smearing the human rights situation in China…the U.S. has engaged in an ideological struggle that has challenged China’s political system, undermined China’s territorial and sovereign integrity, and harmed China’s development interests, which has greatly damaged the atmosphere of U.S.-China relations and created huge obstacles to the development of U.S.-China relations. The commentary noted that “in Sino-U.S. relations, the United States has been destroying the foundations of the relationship, attacking China and injecting negative energy. In contrast, in the face of the U.S. aggressiveness, the Chinese side has been exercising restraint and trying to manage differences from the perspective of maintaining the overall situation of China-U.S. relations, conveying positive energy and playing a constructive role”. The commentary concluded, “Great power competition is not in keeping with the spirit of the times, seeing everything as a zero-sum game is not the right choice. Sino-US relations cannot get any worse. The U.S. side must correct its strategic perceptions, escape the logic of competition, put an end to its bad ways that jeopardize the relationship between the two countries, and soon come to the right choice for the benefit of China and the U.S..”

Image source: Xinhua. The text in the picture reads “China-US cooperation.”

On June 12, Xinhua News Agency published an international commentary titled “Bleak End to Summit of the Americas Highlights Waning U.S. influence“. The article said, “The U.S. hegemonic performance at the summit was widely criticized by countries in Latin America, and the meeting became the least attended summit since its creation. More and more Latin American countries are saying “no” to the U.S., highlighting the diminishing influence of the U.S. in Latin America and globally, and the unpopularity of hegemony.” The commentary repeatedly describes “the hypocritical nature of American-style democracy,” “the double standards of American-style human rights,” and “the hegemonic nature of the United States,” and points out that “cooperation and win-win cooperation are the trend of the times. Cooperation and win-win situations is the trend of the times, but the U.S. is going against the path and is doomed to end up with no help.”

On the same day, Xinhua News Agency published another international commentary entitled “The U.S. is the Destroyer of the International Order – the fourth in a series of commentaries on U.S. policy toward China,” saying, “Some U.S. politicians are suffering from a ‘cognitive disorder’ called ‘projection effect’. The U.S. recently said in a speech on China policy that China poses the ‘most serious long-term challenge’ to the international order and that the U.S. must defend and reform the ‘rules-based international order’. These remarks are typical of the self-serving nature of the so-called ‘most serious challenge to the international order’, which is not another country, but the United States itself.” According to the commentary, “the United States is the biggest source of chaos in the world today,” “the United States is the biggest destructive force of international rules,” “the United States is engaged in ‘coercive diplomacy’ ‘professional'” “the United States has been reduced to a ‘rogue superpower'” “the international community has suffered for a long time “.

The four “series of comments on U.S. policy toward China” released by Xinhua News Agency are as follows.

1) The U.S. is the one endangering Sino-U.S. relations – one of a series of comments on U.S. policy toward China (June 9)

2) The U.S. is the Destroyer of Peace in the Taiwan Strait – Second in a series of commentaries on U.S. policy toward China (June 10)

3) The U.S. is the Trampler of Democracy and Human Rights – Commentary No. 3 in the Series on U.S. Policy Toward China (June 11)

4) The U.S. is the Destroyer of International Order – Commentary No. 4 in the Series on U.S. Policy Toward China (June 12)

Guangming Daily

On June 6, Guangming Daily published an article titled “The Appearance and True Face of Contemporary American Human Rights Culture“. The article said, “From the perspective of human rights, the secular-oriented Democratic Party advocates a left-wing liberal view of human rights, while the religiously devout Republican Party promotes a right-wing liberal view of human rights, making the protection of human rights in the United States increasingly fragmented and divided. From the perspective of human rights practice, the U.S. is experiencing serious human rights problems such as out-of-control epidemics, political disorder, racial conflicts and social tearing at home; externally, it adopts policy arrangements such as trade protection, power politics, cultural erasure and xenophobia, insists on instrumentalizing and strategizing human rights issues, and intensifies its ideological attacks on China, making human rights a pretext for maintaining U.S. hegemony, interfering in other countries’ domestic affairs and undermining international order and excuse.” The article outlines the “truth about the U.S. view of human rights” with four “isms,” namely “extreme individualism,” “hypocritical egalitarianism “unilateral universalism,” and “paranoid messianism.

People’s Daily

On June 8, People’s Daily International published an article titled “Counting U.S. Human Rights Deficit, People’s Daily Published Eight Articles to Awaken the Oblivious From Their Slumber”. The article briefly reviewed the main contents of the series of “wakeup bell” articles launched by People’s Daily from May 16 to June 7, “The U.S. should deeply review its own human rights deficit”, and counted the “failure to fight epidemics” and “gun violence” in the U.S. “, “gun violence”, “social injustice exacerbated by the rich-poor divide”, “rough treatment of illegal immigrants”, and “racism”. The “eight major crimes” such as “collusion between power and capital in private prisons,” “forced labor,” and “torture in ‘secret prisons’ overseas “It also says that the report “profoundly exposes the human rights violations left by the United States at home and abroad, and profoundly reveals that American-style democracy cannot protect the human rights of the American people. The American hegemony has made the U.S. a negative example of human rights abuses in the world.” The article stresses that on the issue of human rights, what the U.S. needs to do is to “correct the wrongs that lie in its own heart, meditate upon its faults and change its own behavior” instead of “politicizing human rights issues and interfering in the internal affairs of other countries at every turn on the pretext of human rights.”

The eight articles:

(1) More than a million deaths from COVID-19, a “national tragedy” that should not have happened (May 16)

(2) Impotent to control guns, a decline hard to reverse as the sound of gunfire shatters the illusion of human rights in the United States (May 17)

(3) The polarization between the rich and the poor aggravates social injustice, and the human rights deficit can only grow (May 20)

(4) Rough treatment of illegal immigrants exposes the hypocrisy of the “defenders of human rights” (May 24)

(5) Minorities “can’t breathe” and racism permeates the U.S. political system (May 25)

(6) Private prisons breed human rights tragedy as power and capital are allowed to collude (May 31)

(7) Failure to act in the face of “modern slavery” highlights the lack of government responsibility (June 2)

(8) “Black prisons” torture indiscriminately, and the U.S. tramples on human rights by wreaking havoc with the rule of law (June 7)

Global Times

On June 7, the Global Times published a commentary entitled “Wu Xinbo: What Happens to the International System in the Wake of the Russia-Ukraine Conflict?” According to the commentary, one of the main goals of Russia’s special military operation against Ukraine is to end U.S. hegemony in Europe, end the U.S.-dominated world order, and promote the emergence of an equal international society.

On June 12, the Global Times published an editorial titled “Maintaining peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait’, the U.S. has No Right to Say That it is Doing This“. According to the editorial, “The United States, the real destroyer of peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait, is trying to intervene more deeply in Taiwan Strait affairs under the guise of “maintaining peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait.” The editorial added, “The historical trend of cross-strait reunification is unstoppable, and the one-China principle is the needle of the sea that maintains peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait. In fact, if the United States had not played the “Taiwan card” and attempted to hollow out the one-China principle, where would the DPP authorities have found the courage to refuse to recognize the 1992 Consensus?” Finally, the editorial said, “The U.S. side should understand that the Chinese people are not to be messed with, and if they are messed with, it is not a good thing to do! If you want to “control China with Taiwan”, you are playing with fire, and those who play with fire will burn themselves.”

Think Tanks

Chongyang Institute

On June 10, Wang Wen, executive director of the Chongyang Institute of Finance at Renmin University of China, published an English article in the South China Morning Post titled “The US is so Bent on Containing China’s Rise, that it has Ignored its own Decline.” On June 11, NPC Chongyang translated the article into Chinese and posted it on its official WeChat public page, titled “South China Morning Post denounces US ‘foolishness’: curbing China but ignoring its own decline”. The article said, “There is a serious and misplaced political correctness in both the US and China. It is now almost taboo in both countries to say nice things about each other. Complementing each other’s strengths and making progress together will certainly go a long way toward easing tensions between the two countries.” The article refuted the “U.S. perceived ‘China threat theory'”, saying it runs “counter to empirical evidence and the U.S. side is deeply trapped in rigid ideological thinking”, and said “China will not accept the self-righteous accusations made by the United States against Tibet, Xinjiang and Hong Kong. At the same time, the article calls on the U.S. side to “look internally” and address its own gun violence and urban violence problems.

Non-government Media

Today’s Headlines

On June 7, Today’s Headlines published a story titled “Liu Qingbin: Renowned Chinese economist Chen Wenling recently declared that he must unify Taiwan and seize TSMC”. Another major Chinese Internet portal also published a report titled “Economist Chen Wenling: We must get TSMC back, can’t let it run away to the U.S.”. On the same day, Singapore’s Chinese-language media, the Lianhe Zaobao, cited a Chinese media report and published a report titled “Mainland Chinese economist: Must get TSMC back“. According to the report, “According to the Observer, Chen Wenling, chief economist of the Center for International Economic Exchanges, a Chinese think tank, spoke about the current relationship between China and the U.S. at the China-U.S. Forum hosted by the NPC’s Chongyang Research Institute on May 30. In Chen Wenling’s view, China must get TSMC out of its hands as the U.S. and the West impose destructive sanctions on China like they did on Russia.” Chen Wenling added that “China must support Russia openly, reasonably and in every way possible.” As of June 12, related reports were taken down in Chinese media.

WeChat social media

On June 10, WeChat’s China-U.S. Focus reprinted an article by Huazhi Global Watch titled “The Crux of China-U.S. Relations” According to the article, the U.S. side has fallen into a “Thucydidesque” conjecture in Sino-U.S. relations, that is, “if China has the ability, it must challenge the existing international order, and if the U.S. wants to remain ‘number one’ in the world, it must make China its primary strategic opponent. If it can do that on its own, it will in the name of ‘competition’, the tactics of joint assault, and the narrative of ‘demonization’ to completely encircle and contain China until it is brought down, and the United States will be able to sit firmly as the world leader. The article suggests that the most urgent task in breaking the impasse in U.S.-China relations is to “follow President Xi Jinping’s approach of mutual respect, peaceful coexistence and win-win cooperation, and to put President Biden’s ‘four no’s and one no intention’ statement into practice. At the same time, under the directional control of the two heads of state, explore and promote concrete cooperation projects of common interest, and support and encourage civil and local exchanges and pragmatic exchanges.”

On June 11, the WeChat public website “Deep Sea Zone” published an article titled “His Words Don’t Match his Actions: Immediately After Meeting with the Chinese defense minister, U.S. Defense Secretary Austin played the ‘Taiwan card'”. The article said that on the one hand, the U.S. side once again made clear at the Shangri-La Dialogue that it “adheres to the ‘One China’ policy, does not support Taiwan independence, and does not seek conflict with China,” but on the other hand, it “tends to take a negative position” on the Taiwan issue. The U.S. State Department website once removed the phrases “Taiwan is part of China” and “the United States does not support Taiwan’s independence,” and approved a $120 million arms sales program to Taiwan on June 8 before the opening of the Shangri-La meeting. The article said that Lloyd Austin’s comments on the China issue were not in line with the U.S. policy. According to the article, Austin “glossed over” questions from China expert Ge Laiei about Biden’s Taiwan-related statements and what the U.S. would do about them, saying “Biden’s earlier slip of the tongue that he “will defend Taiwan militarily” may reflect the White House’s current preference. the White House’s current inclination.”

On June 12, WeChat’s “Powerful New View” published an article titled “Chinese experts: Don’t have illusions about the U.S., we must regain Taiwan! TSMC must be in China’s hands”. According to the commentary, “the West is strengthening the construction of a ‘technology alliance’ for the semiconductor supply chain, with the goal of forming a small circle of semiconductor technology in favor of the Western group” “Since 2020, the White House wants to control of the global semiconductor industry is clear”. According to the commentary, the U.S. “technology alliance” is a strategic alliance whose strategic goals include “establishing the leadership of the U.S. semiconductor manufacturing industry” and “escalating the joint blockade of semiconductor exports to China. “. The commentary said, “Since the head-to-head competition with China has already made the heads in Washington feel ‘stressed’, it is also part of the Anglo-Saxon ‘tradition’ to “if the straightforward way does not work, then do things the evil under-handed way’.”

A Short Overview

First, from June 6 to June 12, Chinese reports and comments on the United States continued to be “indiscriminate” on all fronts and from multiple angles. “double standards,” “hypocrisy,” “double standards,” “undermining the international order,” “interfering in the internal affairs of other countries,” and “interfering in the internal affairs of other countries,” all of which are negative terms. In addition, Chinese media, while criticizing “U.S. ‘criticism’ of China,” mention the nastiness and corruption of U.S. domestic society. “The central government media, including Xinhua, CCTV, and People’s Daily, have written or republished current affairs commentaries and satirical articles exposing the “dark side” of the United States. Current affairs commentaries and satirical pictures have been written or republished to expose the “dark side” of the United States, criticizing topics such as the ineffective fight against epidemics, economic crisis, social injustice, gun violence, and war tendencies. In the past week, the official media devoted to negative social news in the U.S., such as How to End the tragedy of “epidemic orphans” in the U.S., Shooting incident in Maryland killed three people and injured one, As Inflation “fever” the U.S. Increases, the Fed “Walks the Tightrope” . However on Chinese media, there is very little news about society in other countries and no coverage of negative news.

Second, Chinese media prefer to use Chinese cultural imagery, jargon and popular Internet words to explain in large text the complex “conspiracy” and “wolf’s ambition” of the U.S. against China at this stage. For example, “pseudo-Daoist”, “projection effect“, “empire of lies“, and “blaming others for its problems“. The catchy and easy-to-understand words allow the Chinese public to form a simple general understanding of U.S. behavior, while the twisted and vivid “plots” can increase reader interest and so help further disseminate the text.

Third, scholars continue to have a negative view of the U.S., mostly discussing the current state of deterioration in U.S.-China relations and tracing the root causes, while few give constructive advice on improving U.S.-China relations. Just as the U.S. believes that China has demonstrated its ambition to change the existing international order and establish a regional hegemony centered on China, destroying the original “balance” of U.S.-China relations, China blames the deterioration of U.S.-China relations on the U.S. Cold War mentality and the shattering of its illusion of unipolarism. China says that the U.S. is trying to suppress China’s rise and develop the ability to oppose it. China’s view of U.S.-China relations is characterized by a distinct realism. Many articles speak of possible cooperation, but only if the U.S. “recognizes and corrects its mistakes” and makes a “cease-fire decision”, such as not interfering in border-related, Hong Kong-related, or Taiwan-related issues. However, at this stage, both the U.S. and China have made saber-rattling statements on and made initiatives related to the Taiwan Strait issue, and the road to cooperation is obviously still full of obstacles to “making a cease-fire” and shake hands.


简报

美国有什么资格批评中国——美国又怎么了?(二)

每周汇编(6月6日-12日)

by 仝馨 

June 14, 2022June 14, 2022

【编者按】5月26日,美国国务卿布林肯发布了美国对华政策演讲。6月12日,中国国防部长魏凤和与美国国防部长奥斯汀在香格里拉安全对话会期间见面。在这一段时间里,无论是美中关系本身,还是暗涌在美中互动态势之下的台湾问题、南中国海及亚太区域安全等敏感议题,美中双方均各持己见,互不相让,美中关系日趋紧张,前路未明。美中关系将往何处去?“关系”在中文语境下是一种人际互动形式,而这种互动受到认知和观念的影响,而观念则可以左右决策。因此,在美中两国“针锋相对”的今天,整理和梳理两国从上至下对对方的认知尤为重要。从5月29日起,“美中故事汇”每周将为中国对美国的文字报道做简单汇编,汇编内容来自中国政府、官媒、智库和民间媒体涉及美国的报道及评论,旨在从中方角度探索其对“美中关系”的认知,以更好地理解中方相关外交言论和政策,为推进美中关系改善提供切入点。这个汇编的总题目为“美国又怎么了?”。本期涵盖的时间段为美国东部时间6月6日至6月12日。

政府外交部

6月6日,赵立坚在例行记者会上批驳布林肯在对华政策演讲中指责中国搞“胁迫外交”的言论。他说:“中国从来不搞什么胁迫,也坚决反对其他国家搞胁迫。中国外交的传统之一就是大小国家一律平等。在中国国家主权和民族尊严遭到胁迫和侵害时,中方采取的措施是合理合法反制,捍卫的是国家正当权益,维护的是国际公平正义。”同时,赵立坚亦指出美国才是胁迫外交的始作俑者,其主要表现为武力威胁、政治孤立、经济制裁、技术封锁。针对记者关于中国宗教自由的提问,赵立坚指出“尊重和保护宗教自由是中国共产党和中国政府对待宗教的基本政策”,而“所谓新疆存在‘种族灭绝’是彻头彻尾的谎言”。赵立坚指出美国长期存在“种族歧视”问题和对“印第安人采取种族灭绝政策”,美方以此为借口干涉中国内政是“暴露自身的虚伪和双标”。同时,赵立坚说:“美方之所以反复炒作涉疆、涉藏、涉港谎言,只是为了给抹黑打压中国制造借口,以此作为干涉中国内政和分裂中国的工具。

6月7日,针对华盛顿邮报“中方在柬埔寨云壤海军基地秘密建设专用海军设施”的报道,赵立坚称“云壤基地改造旨在加强柬埔寨海军维护海洋领土完整和打击海上犯罪的能力”。赵立坚指出“美方对柬方立场置若罔闻,一再恶意揣测、攻击抹黑,甚至对柬埔寨威胁、施压,这是典型的霸凌行径”同时,赵立坚针对记者提问提到美国的枪支暴力问题,他说:“美国政府应正视自身恶劣的人权状况和治理能力赤字,而不是以人权为借口干涉别国内政。”

6月8日,赵立坚在例行记者会上称“美国政府本身就是全球最大的虚假信息传播者”,并以“谎言帝国”、“谎言外交”形容美方。

6月9日,赵立坚在回答记者提问时,再次指出了“美国系统性侵犯人权问题”,并表示“美方应该正视并切实解决自身存在的侵犯童工权利问题,保障好本国儿童的合法权益。”同时,赵立坚回应美国对台军售,他说:“美国向中国台湾地区出售武器,严重损害中国主权和安全利益,严重损害中美关系和台海和平稳定。美方应该恪守一个中国原则和中美三个联合公报规定,停止售台武器和美台军事联系。中方将继续采取坚决有力措施,坚定捍卫自身主权和安全利益。”

6月10日,赵立坚在例行记者会上评价美国国会山骚乱事件,他说此一震惊世界的事件再次暴露了美方利用双标民主大搞政治操弄的本质。因为国会大厦受冲击事件在美国就是“未遂政变”,而在其他国家就是“颜色革命”。赵立坚说:“美方应深刻反省自身的‘民主赤字’。将民主标签化、政治化、武器化只会害人损己。”同时,针对近期俄罗斯披露美国在乌克兰开展生物军事活动的情况,立坚称“美国是全球生物军事活动最多的国家”,并敦促美方对《禁止生物武器公约》遵约情况做出澄清。

官媒
中国军网

中国军网是中国中央军委批准,中国人民解放军唯一新闻门户网站,是中国共产党中央军事委员会机关报《解放军报》网络版。

6月10日,中国军网发布题为“频打‘对台军售牌’美方铁了心要做没有原则的‘小丑’”,文章指出“美国为了一己私利,当面一套,背后一套。美国政要一方面信誓旦旦表态不支持“台独”,无意同中国发生冲突;一方面又不断售台武器,向“台独”分裂势力发出错误信号,频繁制造事端,以遏制中国走向统一,走向强大,走向复兴。这一切皆是极端自私心态和冷战思维作祟。”

中国日报

6月6日,中国日报双语新闻发布题为“意识形态渗透套路大曝光这个美国组织到底做了什么”的文章。文章指称美国国家民主基金会资助分裂势力、策动颜色革命、勾结政治团体,其目的是“颠覆目标国政权,以扶植亲美政权,将‘美国式’民主制度移植到这些国家”。同时,文章还说,“美国国家民主基金会炮制虚假信息,‘包装’成所谓的‘学术权威’。妄图以‘客观公正’的假面蒙蔽世人,以炒作反政府言论。”截至6月12日,该文章阅读量为4.5万,点赞320,转发182。通过网络审核的精选留言仅有1条,留言称“(美国国家民主基金会)除了好事,什么都做。”

新华网

6月8日,新华社发表题为“‘心情糟透了’!民调显示八成美国人对经济前景感到悲观”的报道。报道称,“调查发现,美国人现在情绪很差,对经济的不满程度达到近年来最高水平。这种悲观情绪不仅针对当下经济,还包括对美国政治体制、全球领导地位及其帮助大多数人实现美国梦的能力的怀疑。约83%的受访者认为经济状况很差或不太好。这是全国民意研究中心自1972年以来开展的民调中不满意程度最高的一次。”

6月9日,新华社发表题为“美国才是中美关系的危害者——美对华政策系列评论之一”的国际时评。时评称,“美近日对华政策演讲散布虚假信息,抹黑中国内外政策。话里话外把中美关系出现问题归咎于中方,极力渲染所谓“中国威胁”。这番“高论”完全是颠倒黑白。无论从历史经纬还是事实真相看,美国才是造成中美关系出现困局的始作俑者。”评论还说,“美国错误地将中国定位为“战略竞争对手”。实际上,“竞争”不过是“遏制”的代名词”“美国抹黑、围堵、打压中国,严重损害中国正当利益。从攻击中国共产党领导到抹黑中国人权状况…美国大搞意识形态斗争,挑战了中国的政治制度,损害了中国领土与主权完整,损害了中国发展利益,这极大破坏了中美关系氛围,给中美关系发展造成巨大障碍”。评论指出,“在中美关系上,美国一直在拆台、在攻击中国、在注入负能量。相对应的是,面对美方的咄咄逼人,中方从维护中美关系大局出发一直保持克制,努力管控分歧,传递的是正能量,发挥的是建设性作用”。评论最后说,“大国竞争不是时代主题,零和博弈不是正确选择。中美关系不能再恶化下去了。美方必须端正战略认知、跳出竞争逻辑,停止危害两国关系的种种错误做法,早日做出有利于中美两国和世界的正确抉择。”

图片来源:新华网。图中文字为“中美合作”。

6月12日,新华社发布题为“美洲峰会黯淡落幕凸显美国影响力式微”的国际时评。文章说,“美国在峰会上的霸道表现受到拉美地区国家广泛批评,此次会议成为美洲峰会创立以来参会领导人最少的一届。越来越多的拉美国家对美国大声说“不”,凸显出在拉美乃至全球范围内,美国的影响力日渐式微,霸权主义不得人心。”时评中反复出现“美式民主的虚伪本质”“美式人权的双重标准”“美国的霸道本色”等形容,并指出“合作共赢是时代潮流大势,但美国偏偏要背道而驰,注定落得失道寡助的下场。”

同日,新华社发表的另一篇题为“美国才是国际秩序的破坏者——美对华政策系列评论之四”的国际时评称,“美国的一些政客患上了一种名为‘投射效应’的‘认知障碍’。美近日对华政策演讲称中国对国际秩序构成‘最严峻的长期挑战’,美国必须捍卫和改革‘以规则为基础的国际秩序’。这番话是典型的以己度人,所谓‘对国际秩序构成最严峻挑战的国家’,不是别的国家,正是美国自己。”评论称,“美国是当今世界最大乱源”“美国是国际规则最大破坏力量”“美国是搞‘胁迫外交’的‘专业户’”“美国已沦为‘流氓超级大国’”“国际社会苦之久矣”。

新华社发布的四篇「美对华政策系列评论」如下:

1)美国才是中美关系的危害者——美对华政策系列评论之一 (6月9日)

2)美国才是台海和平的破坏者——美对华政策系列评论之二 (6月10日)

3)美国才是民主人权的践踏者——美对华政策系列评论之三 (6月11日)

4)美国才是国际秩序的破坏者——美对华政策系列评论之四 (6月12日)

光明日报

6月6日,《光明日报》发表题为“当代美国人权文化的表象与真相”的文章。文章说,“从人权观念看,世俗导向的民主党主张左翼自由主义人权观,宗教虔诚的共和党推崇右翼自由主义人权观,使美国的人权保护日益呈现碎片化、分裂化之势。从人权实践看,美国国内正遭遇疫情失控、政治失序、种族冲突、社会撕裂等严重人权问题;对外则采取贸易保护、强权政治、文化清除、排外主义等政策安排,执意将人权问题工具化、策略化,变本加厉地展开对华意识形态攻击,使人权成为维护美国霸权、干涉他国内政、破坏国际秩序的幌子和借口。”文章以四个“主义”概述“美国人权观的真相”,即“极端的个人主义”“虚伪的平等主义”“单边的普遍主义”“偏执的救世主义”。

人民日报

6月8日,人民日报国际发表题为“历数美国人权赤字人民日报连发8篇钟声敲打装睡的人”的文章。文章对5月16日至6月7日人民日报推出的“美国当深刻检讨自身的人权赤字”系列“钟声”文章的主要内容作了简短回顾,历数美国“抗疫失败”“枪支暴力”“贫富分化加剧社会不公”“粗暴对待非法移民”“种族主义泛滥”“私营监狱权力和资本勾结”“强迫劳动”“海外‘黑监狱’滥施酷刑”等“八大罪状”,并称其“深刻揭露美国在国内外留下的侵犯人权的斑斑劣迹,深刻揭示美式民主保护不了美国民众的人权。美式霸权的执念,更是让美国在世界上成为践踏人权的反面典型。”文章强调,在人权问题上,美国需要做的,是“正己心,思己过,改己行”,而不是“将人权问题政治化,动辄以人权为借口干涉别国内政”。

这8篇文章如下:

1)新冠肺炎死亡超百万一场不该出现的“国家悲剧”(5月16日)

2)控枪无力沉疴难返枪声击碎美式人权幻象(5月17日)

3)贫富分化加剧社会不公人权债只会越欠越多(5月20日)

4)粗暴对待非法移民暴露“人权卫士”伪善面目(5月24日)

5)少数族裔“无法呼吸”种族主义贯穿美国政体(5月25日)

6)放任权力和资本勾结私营监狱酿造人权悲剧(5月31日)

7)面对“现代奴隶制”不作为凸显政府责任缺失(6月2日)

8)“黑监狱”滥施酷刑美国肆意蹂躏法治践踏人权(6月7日)

环球时报

6月7日,《环球时报》发表题为“吴心伯后俄乌冲突的国际体系将走向何方”的评论。评论称,俄罗斯对乌克兰发起特别军事行动的主要目标之一是结束美国在欧洲的霸权地位,结束美国由美国主导的世界秩序,推动一个平等国际社会的出现。

6月12日,《环球时报》发表题为“‘维护台海和平稳定’美国不配说这话”的社评。社评称,“美国这个台海和平与稳定真正的破坏者,却打着“维护台海和平与稳定”的幌子,试图更深地介入台海事务。”社评还说,“两岸统一的历史大势无法阻挡,一个中国原则才是维护台海和平稳定的定海神针。事实上,如果不是美国打“台湾牌”,企图虚化掏空一个中国原则,民进党当局又从哪里来的底气拒不承认“九二共识”?”最后,社评表示,“美方应该明白,中国人民是惹不得的,如果惹翻了,是不好办的!想要搞“以台制华”就是在玩火,而玩火者必自焚。”

智库
重阳研究院

6月10日,中国人民大学重阳金融研究院执行院长王文在《南华早报》刊发题为“美国一意孤行地遏制中国崛起却忽视了本身衰落”的英文文章。6月11日,人大重阳将该文章译为中文发布在其官方微信公号上,题为“《南华早报》痛斥美国‘蠢货’:遏华却忽视本国衰败”。文章说,“美中双方存在严重的、失当的政治正确性。现在,在两国,说对方的好话几乎成了禁忌。取长补短,共同进步,必将大大缓解两国间的紧张局势。”文章驳斥了“美国认为的‘中国威胁论’”,称其与“经验证据背道而驰,美方深陷僵化的意识形态思维”,并表示“中国不会接受美国对西藏、新疆和香港方面提出的自以为是的指控”。同时,文章呼吁美方“从内部着眼”,解决自身枪支暴力、城市暴力问题。

民间媒体
今日头条

6月7日,今日头条发布题为“刘庆彬:中国知名经济学家陈文玲日前宣称一定要统一台湾,将台积电抢到手里”的报道。另一大型互联网中文门户网站亦发布题为“经济学家陈文玲:一定要抢回台积电,不能让它跑美国去”的报道。同日,新加坡华文媒体《联合早报》援引中国媒体报道,发布题为“中国大陆经济学家一定要把台积电抢到手里”的报道。报道称,“据观察者网报道,中国智库‘国际经济交流中心’总经济师陈文玲在5月30日出席人大重阳研究院主办的“中美论坛”时,针对中美当前关系发表看法。其认为,在美国和西方像制裁俄罗斯一样对中国进行毁灭式制裁的情况下,中国一定要把台积电抢到手里。”陈文玲还说,“中国要公开地、合理地、尽一切所能地对俄罗斯进行支援。”截至6月12日,相关报道在中国媒体均遭下架。

微信

6月10日,微信公号“中美聚焦”转载“华智全球观察”题为“中美关系症结所在”的文章。文章认为,在中美关系中,美方陷入了“修昔底德式”的臆想,即“中国有能力了就必然要挑战现存国际秩序,美国要保持世界‘第一’,就必然要把中国作为首要战略对手,独家不行就以‘竞争’的名义、群殴的方式、‘妖魔化’的叙事,对华全面围堵遏制,直至扳倒中国,美国就能稳坐世界老大”。文章提出破解中美关系僵局的当务之急是“遵照习近平主席提出的相互尊重、和平共处、合作共赢的相处之道,把拜登总统的‘四不一无意’的表态落到实处。同时,在两国元首方向性把控下,挖掘和推进有共同利益的具体合作项目,支持和鼓励民间及地方往来和务实交流。”

6月11日,微信公号“深海区”发布题为“言行不一刚和中国防长见完面美国防长奥斯汀就打‘台湾牌’”的文章。文章说,美方一方面在香格里拉对话会上再度明确表示“坚持‘一个中国’政策,不支持台独,并且不寻求与中国发生冲突”,另一方面却在台湾问题上“立场趋于消极”,美国国务院网站一度删除“台湾是中国一部分”“美国不支持台湾独立”等用语,还于香会开幕前的6月8日批准了一项价值1.2亿美元的对台军售计划。文章称,奥斯汀对中国问题专家葛来仪就拜登的涉台表态和美国会怎么做的提问“敷衍了事”,并说“拜登此前“将在军事上保卫台湾”的口误,或许反映了白宫目前的倾向。”

6月12日,微信公号“强国新观”发布题为“中国专家别对美国抱幻想定要收复台湾台积电必须在中国手里”的评论。评论称,“西方正在加强对于半导体供应链的‘技术联盟’的构建,其目标是形成一个有利于西方集团的半导体技术小圈子”“从2020年以来,白宫想要控制全球半导体产业的心思昭然若揭”。评论认为,美国的“技术联盟”即是战略联盟,其战略目标包括“建立美国半导体制造产业的领导地位”、“升级对华半导体出口的联合封锁”。评论说,“既然与中国的正面竞争已经让华盛顿的头头脑脑们感觉到‘压力山大’,那么以盎格鲁-萨克逊人的‘一贯传统’,正的不行就走邪的,这也是属于是‘不忘本性’了。”

小结

一、6月6日至6月12日,中国对美国的报道和评论依旧是全方位、多角度的“狂轰滥炸”,关于美国、美中关系的文字,中国媒体的高频关键词包括“霸权”、“双标”、“虚伪”、“双重标准”、“破坏国际秩序”、“干涉他国内政”等,均为负面词汇。此外,中国媒体在批判“美国对中国的‘批评’”之余,均会提到美国国内社会的龌龊和腐败。“新华网”“央视”“人民日报”等中央官媒均有撰写或转发揭露美国“黑暗面”的时事评论和讽刺图片,批判美国的话题包括抗疫不力、经济危机、社会不公、枪支暴力、战争倾向等。过去一周,官媒专门报道了美国国内的负面社会新闻,如美国“疫情孤儿”悲剧如何不再上演美国马里兰州发生枪击事件致31美国通胀“高烧不退” 美联储“走钢丝”风险渐增。但对于其他国家社会新闻的报道寥寥无几,而负面新闻则未有涉及。

二、中国媒体偏爱化用中国文化意象、专业术语、流行网络词语,以大幅文字详解美国现阶段针对中国的复杂“阴谋”和“狼子野心”。如“伪道士”、“投射效应”、“谎言帝国”、“甩锅主义”。琅琅上口、易于理解的词语使中国公众对美国行为形成简单的概括性理解,曲折生动的“情节”则可增加阅读兴趣,有助于文字报道的进一步传播。

三、学者们对于美国的看法依旧呈现负面态度,多是讨论美中关系恶化现状、追溯根由,少有人对改善美中关系给出建设性意见。正如美国认为是中国展现了改变现有国际秩序、建立以中国为核心的区域霸权的野心,破坏了美中关系原有之“平衡”,中国将美中关系的恶化归咎于美国的冷战思维和单极主义幻象的破灭,称其试图压制中国崛起并形成与之抗衡的能力。中方对美中关系的看法呈现出鲜明的现实主义特点。很多文章谈到了可能的合作,但是合作前提是美国“认识并改正自身错误”并做出“休战”决定,如不再干涉涉疆、涉港、涉台问题。但就现阶段美中双方就台海问题发表的剑拔弩张的言论和相关举措,“偃旗息鼓”握手言和的合作之路显然还障碍重重。

About 高大伟 David Cowhig

After retirement translated, with wife Jessie, Liao Yiwu's 2019 "Bullets and Opium", and have been studying things 格物致知. Worked 25 years as a US State Department Foreign Service Officer including ten years at US Embassy Beijing and US Consulate General Chengdu and four years as a China Analyst in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research. Before State I translated Japanese and Chinese scientific and technical books and articles into English freelance for six years. Before that I taught English at Tunghai University in Taiwan for three years. And before that I worked two summers on Norwegian farms, milking cows and feeding chickens.
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