Russians Chasing Supposed Chinese Spies

Some Russian commentators on some less cheerful aspects of the “relationship without limits”. Even Putin has hard nationalist critics although I would have thought after Putin took Crimea they would have given him a pass. Last year some Russian nationalists even argued that it was time to take back the land in the Russian Far East that China stole from them in the mid 19th century. Russian nationalists have long memories — see the article I found on Chinese social media about them a few months ago. Weibo: We Got Hong Kong Back, Why Not Vladivostok? .

Chinese intelligence collection on Russia I first heard about when I worked at U.S. Embassy Beijing. I was looked at the website of China’s Commission for Science and Technology in the National Defense when I came across an article about the award of a medal to a Chinese soldier who had cracked the encryption on the avionics of an advanced aircraft Russia had sold to China. Some of the capabilities of the avionics had been encrypted to reduce aircraft capabilities; now the Chinese soldier had unlocked them. I looked again at the website a few months later and saw that that article had disappeared. Someone must have realized that putting that article up on their website wasn’t a good idea.

Here I have collected some DeepL machine translated article from Russian language media, some like the second article from Meduza.io and the Wikipedia articles located outside the reach of Russian Federation press controls, about accusations of Chinese espionage in Russia including some nationalist pieces charging Putin with complicity. Censorship probably prevented me from seeing some others that have already disappeared. Perhaps spy fever is breaking out in the Russian counterintelligence agencies or perhaps the ‘no limits’ to the China – Russia relationship is finding more limits.

My Russian is very elementary, so I can’t make claims for the accuracy of these machine translation. DeepL machine translations are exceptionally good in the China – English and China – French and China – Spanish language pairs that I can judge so given the suprisingly good quality of the English text that emerges, I assume Russian – English is at least intriguing enough for casual use, although someone skilled in the Russian language should look the translations over before considering using them for publication.

After the two articles on the arrest of Dmitry Kolker on charges of spying for China, I machine translated three Russian language Wikipedia articles, the first on the Kolker case and the others on espionage prosecutions in Russia.


2022: A new version of the arrest of famous scientist Dmitry Kolker in Novosibirsk has emerged: charges of treason may be related to work on a new generation of drones



Dmitry Kolker’s family is now preparing for the funeral. His death after his arrest and transfer to Lefortovo caused a wide public response. The scientist suspected of treason died in a Moscow hospital.

A new version of the arrest of famous scientist Dmitry Kolker in Novosibirsk has surfaced: charges of treason may be related to work on a new generation of drones.
VK PHOTO
Initially, relatives reported that Dmitry Kolker’s detention was connected to lectures that the scientist gave in China four years ago. However, as the correspondent of “MK in Novosibirsk” managed to find out, the case is more likely related to the scientist’s work not at NSU, but at the ILF of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

“Dmitry Kolker was engaged in the design of unmanned aerial vehicles. The scientist was one of the first to create compact gas analyzers for UAVs based on quantum-cascade lasers and optical-acoustic detectors. This could be of interest to special services of other states”, – a source familiar with the materials of the case told Sib.fm.

One way or another, this case is now likely to be closed due to the death of the suspect. But the case of Anatoly Maslov, a Novosibirsk scientist from the S. A. Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, is still being investigated by Moscow counterintelligence officers – the corresponding member is now in Lefortovo.

You will find out who else in Novosibirsk was accused of treason and disclosure of state secrets in this material.


“Novosibirsk scientist Dmitry Kolker died in a Moscow detention center. His lawyer accuses FSB officers, a judge and medics who allowed the arrest of a man with the fourth stage of cancer

July 4, 2022 Source: Meduza

Photo from Dmitry Kolker’s Facebook page

On June 30, a court arrested Novosibirsk scientist Dmitry Kolker on suspicion of treason. He had stage four pancreatic cancer and was being treated in a Novosibirsk hospital. Straight from the hospital the scientist was sent to the Moscow SIZO “Lefortovo” where he died on July 2. Kolker’s lawyer Alexander Fedulov believes that the FSB officers, the medical workers who authorized the transportation of the scientist from Novosibirsk to Moscow, and the judge who placed the seriously ill man in the detention center are to blame for his client’s death. Here’s what Fedulov told Meduza about the case.

Dmitry Kolker was the head of the laboratory of quantum optical technologies at the Institute of Laser Physics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Novosibirsk State University, as well as a professor in the department of laser systems at Novosibirsk State Technical University.

Kolker was arrested on June 30, 2022, for lecturing on laser physics to Chinese students (held in 2018). The scientist’s son Maxim Kolker told Taiga.info that his father was charged with providing China with state secret information, for which he faced up to 20 years in prison.

Maksim Kolker told Meduza that the presentation on laser physics had been checked for “sterility” by experts at the Institute of Laser Physics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, i.e., for the absence of information that could be considered a state secret, even before he was sent to China (Meduza has a picture of the report at its disposal). In addition, in China, Professor Kolker gave a lecture specifically in Russian, so that its contents could be heard and monitored by the FSB officer assigned to the scientist on that trip. After his father’s arrest, Maxim Kolker wrote on his VKontakte page:

“I wonder what they found in the presentations read to students with the prefix “Basic Principles. As a lecturer who has participated in conferences, I report: any even poster presentation is certified in special places to confirm the absence of state secrets. And this country needs “strong minds” for import substitution.

I want my father to be able to die in peace, being in appropriate good conditions. So that he would have the relatives he needed, who would help and support him.

That same evening on June 30 Dmitry Kolker was taken to the Lefortovo detention center in Moscow straight from the private Avicenna clinic where he had been admitted the day before in a critical condition with terminal pancreatic cancer. Lefortovo’s lawyer Alexander Fedulov flew to Moscow on Friday to submit a warrant to the FSB investigative directorate for representation of the scientist’s interests and to have a chance to meet with him.

But in the investigative department of the FSB the lawyer was told that they had no such criminal case and that they knew nothing about Dmitry Kolker. “In the pre-detention center “Lefortovo” they refused to communicate with me. They said that they would not provide me with any information about my client,” Fedulov told Meduza. – They told me verbatim: “Find the investigator,” when I showed them my ID card. I don’t know where to look for the investigator.

The lawyer went to the Lefortovo court, believing that Kolker would be taken there to be placed under arrest. But on the spot he found out that the decision to arrest was made in the Sovetsky District Court of Novosibirsk, the place of the suspect’s residence. The next day, July 2, 54-year-old Dmitry Kolker died in pre-detention center “Lefortovo,” his relatives were informed about his death by an official telegram on July 3.

Alexander Fedulov told Meduza that he was going to file an application with the Prosecutor General’s Office to gain access to the criminal case and all documents. “Apart from the protocol of the apartment search, which was conducted by investigator V. V. Morozov, I have not seen any documents in this case,” said the lawyer. – And no one has seen them, except those who signed them. All the media quotes not the official ruling on the initiation of a criminal case of treason or the court ruling on his arrest, but information from the private pages of Dmitry Kolker’s relatives in social networks.

Novosibirsk scientist Dmitry Kolker was arrested in the case of treason According to his relatives, he cannot eat on his own because of pancreatic cancer. FSB took him right out of the hospital
5 days ago
In addition, Fedulov and Dmitry Kolker’s relatives do not want the criminal case to be terminated in connection with the death of the suspect. The lawyer intends to take the case to court and prove that there was no treason, of which the late scientist is accused, in principle.

“In addition, we will find out the true cause of his death. In particular, whether he was given proper medical care while he was taken to Moscow and kept in a pre-detention center,” said Fedulov. – At the fourth stage of cancer he needed almost uninterrupted therapy, including strong painkillers and intravenous alimentation.

According to Fedulov, he expects to receive a detention order for Dmitry Kolker in the near future in order to appeal it immediately. “I am ready to defend the fair name of my client even after his death,” the lawyer said in a conversation with Meduza. – I am also ready to seek punishment for those persons whose actions led to his untimely death in custody.

Fedulov is sure that both the judge (his name is unknown to the lawyer at the moment) who authorized the detention of the seriously ill man and the employees of the Avicenna clinic who signed the document allowing the transportation of Kolker from Novosibirsk to Moscow were to blame for Dmitry Kolker’s death. According to the law, when deciding on detention, the judge was obliged to take into account Kolker’s state of health – this is stated in Article 99 of the Criminal Procedural Code of the Russian Federation. But the lawyer thinks that “the task was not set so clearly” and that it was important for the law enforcement authorities to get the scientist to Lefortovo as soon as possible:

There is a whole list of diseases and conditions in our country in which detention is prohibited in principle, not to mention detention in pre-trial prisons. In this case, that provision was grossly violated. The sitting, where the decision on the measure of restraint was made, was held quietly and quickly, with a convenient for the investigation attorney by appointment.

Afterwards the man was pulled out of the hospital and taken to the Lefortovo pre-trial detention center. The hospital somehow obtained a document from the clinic informing him of his discharge (one day after his admission) and giving him permission to be airlifted. We also intend to investigate this blatant fact [violation of the law] on the part of the clinic’s medical staff.

“Meduza sent an inquiry to the Avicenna clinic, but as of the time of publication of this text, we had not received a reply.

Fedulov claims that the law enforcement authorities were well aware that with such a serious illness Dmitry Kolker did not have long to live, and calls the decision to send him to the detention center “a purposeful action, inhumane, to show something to others.

“The point of taking a man away, seeing that he is dying? Knowing that you won’t bring this case to an end? – The lawyer is indignant. – It was quite obvious to me that we wouldn’t get to the verdict. But today, of course, it’s hard to be surprised.

“Meduza is blocked in Russia. We were ready for this – and we continue to work. No matter what
We need your help more than ever. Right now. It’s going to be even harder for all of us from here on out. We are an independent publication, and we work only for the benefit of our readers.

I WANT TO HELP.
Alexey Kolker, the scientist’s brother, in turn, filed a complaint with the presidential administration (Meduza has photographs of the document). In his appeal to the AP, Alexei stressed:

Deprivation of liberty of a person who is in such a state and poses no danger to society, whose guilt has not been proven, is obviously a form of torture. If he is placed in custody, he may soon pass away, without even waiting for a court decision, and any testimony or explanations given in such a sick state and under the influence of psychotropic substances will obviously be declared inadmissible evidence. It is hard to imagine that a man who is already on the verge of death would be hiding from the investigation.

A close family friend Stanislav Petrovsky wrote in his farewell to Kolker (posted on his VKontakte page by Kolker’s daughter, Alina Mironova):

Dmitry Borisovich was sneakily kidnapped from the hospital in a serious condition by FSB agents and tortured in Lefortovo prisons in just two days! Almost a century has passed since the terrible times described in Soviet dissident prose. It would seem that our country should have the strongest immunity against the plague of the 1930s, but people have ridden in foreign cars for a while, eaten in mak-daks and wanted a traditional Russian delicacy. Once again, the stench of Leviathan reeked of rot, blood, degradation and death.

Following the news of Dmitry Kolker’s death on the same day, July 3, a spontaneous memorial appeared in the center of Novosibirsk’s Akademgorodok near the monument to one of the leaders of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Valentin Koptyug, with photographs of the late Dmitry Kolker, flowers, and a quote from his son’s VKontakte post (spelling and punctuation preserved):

The FSB killed my father, knowing what condition he was in and got him out of the hospital. Thank you, country!!! They didn’t even let our family say goodbye. The investigator, the Novosibirsk judge and the whole state machine! I hope you pay for your actions. It took you two days to kill a man…

People dedicated the memorial not only to Kolker, but also to another scientist – a 75-year-old employee of the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics SB RAS, Anatoly Maslov, who is in custody in the same detention center and on the same charges. “Anatoly Maslov can still be saved,” reads the message at the memorial. – If you have been waiting for the time to do the right thing – it has come.”

The creators of the memorial are demanding an end to the “arbitrariness of the power structures” and are raising money to pay for Kolker’s funeral and the services of his family’s lawyers. “When famous scientists die within the walls of detention centers, it is an extremely bad sign of the development of our country’s history,” Alexander Fedulov, a lawyer for Dmitry Kolker, is convinced.

The memorial at the monument to Koptyug was standing for less than a day. By the evening of 3 July the plaque with photos of the scientists was already removed from the monument and a police detachment was put next to it. However, the next day, July 4, Akademgorodok residents made a new memorial in memory of Kolker and in defense of Maslov – near the monument to mathematician Mikhail Lavrentiev. But the police quickly destroyed it, too.


Machine translation of the recently-created Russian language (much more detailed than the one in English) Wikipedia page on Dmitry Kolkov and his arrest.

Dmitry Borisovich Kolker (June 7, 1968, Novosibirsk – July 2, 2022[1][2], Moscow) – Russian physicist, specialist in laser physics, nonlinear optics and spectroscopy. D. in Physics and Mathematics, Head of Quantum Optical Technologies Laboratory at Novosibirsk State University, Professor at Novosibirsk State Technical University. He was engaged in fundamental and applied optical research, in particular, he developed spectroscopic devices for express analysis of exhaled air and gas analyzers for unmanned aerial vehicles.

On June 30, 2022, Kolker was arrested on treason charges right in the hospital, where he had been admitted the night before due to a deteriorating condition. He had stage four cancer. Two days later, Kolker died in a Moscow hospital, where he had been taken from the detention center.

Biography

In 2001 he defended his PhD thesis on “Frequency Repeater in the 732 NM region for precision laser spectroscopy of muonium”[3]. 3] In 2011, he defended his doctoral thesis on “Laser synthesizers of optical frequencies on the basis of parametric light oscillators.

4] He was the head of the laboratory of quantum optical technologies at Novosibirsk State University. 5] At the Novosibirsk State Technical University, he taught courses on “Design of laser systems” and “Physics of optical phenomena. Under his supervision, two PhD theses were defended[7]. In 2021, he was nominated as a candidate for director of the Institute of Laser Physics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, but came in second place, losing to Alexei Taichenachev[7].

In addition to physics, he was fond of music (had a musical education in the class of organ and piano)[8].

Scientific results
Together with BNM-SYRTE and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he researched the world’s first parametric light generators with self-synchronized phase. On the basis of parametric generators of light in the infrared range he created devices for express analysis of exhaled air. For the first time in Russia he created compact gas analyzers for unmanned aerial vehicles on the basis of quantum-cascade lasers and optical-acoustic detectors[7].

Arrest and death
On June 30,[9] 2022, the Sovetsky District Court of Novosibirsk arrested Dmitry Kolker on charges of treason (Art. 275 of the Russian Criminal Code)[10]. He was transported from Novosibirsk to Moscow and placed in the Lefortovo detention center. Before his arrest the scientist was on a long sick leave,[11] he was in the fourth stage of pancreatic cancer.[9] According to his relatives he was not able to feed himself and was under the influence of powerful anesthetics that made it impossible for him to give conscious testimony. According to the scientist’s son, Dmitry Kolker was accused of divulging state secrets in the lectures he gave in China, although the reports were certified to confirm the absence of state secrets and were read in the presence of an FSB officer. A number of academicians of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Club “July 1”) agreed with this point of view and published a scan of the results of the examination, confirming the absence of information constituting state secrets in Kolker’s lectures[13].

On July 3 a telegram was delivered to the scientist’s family, stating that Dmitry Kolker died[14] at 2:40 on July 2 in Moscow Hospital #29[15][16].

Public reaction to the scholar’s death
Journalist and human rights activist Eva Merkacheva called the arrest of the terminally ill Kolker “the apogee of inhumanity.”[17]

The “July 1 Club” stated about the arrest of the terminally ill Kolker that “this inhumane action of the investigative authorities violates elementary principles of humanism” and demanded that those responsible for Kolker’s death be brought to justice[13].

On July 3, the day of the scientist’s death, a spontaneous memorial was erected near the monument to Academician Valentin Koptyug in Novosibirsk Akademgorodok in honor of Dmitry Kolker and his colleague, 75-year-old Anatoly Maslov, also arrested by Russian law enforcement officers and accused of treason. By evening, the flowers and the plaque had disappeared, and a police detail appeared near the monument[18]. On the next day, July 4, a spontaneous memorial to Dmitry Kolker reappeared near the monument to Mikhail Lavrentyev, also quickly eliminated by police[19].

See also
Accusations of Russian scientists of espionage and disclosure of state secrets
Notes
↑ 1 2 Scientist Dmitry Kolker, who was arrested three days ago on charges of state treason, died. He was sent to pre-trial detention facility with stage four cancer – 2022.
↑ 1 2 Russischer Wissenschaftler Dmitri Kolker ist tot (German) – 2022. – ISSN 2195-1349; 0038-7452
↑ D. thesis in physics and mathematics.
↑ D. thesis in Physics and Mathematics.
↑ Laboratory of Quantum Optical Technologies. Staff Archived July 3, 2022 at the Wayback Machine, NSU web site
↑ Kolker Dmitry Archived July 1, 2022 at the Wayback Machine, NSU site
↑ 1 2 3 4 Election of Director Archived July 3, 2022 at the Wayback Machine, Institute of Laser Physics SB RAS
↑ How the Body Works: Eureka Project 2017
↑ 1 2 3 “Two days were enough for you to kill a man” Novosibirsk scientist Dmitry Kolker died in a Moscow detention center. His lawyer accuses FSB officers, a judge and medics who allowed a man with stage four cancer to be arrested Archived July 4, 2022 at the Wayback Machine, Meduza
↑ In Novosibirsk, scientist Dmitry Kolker arrested on suspicion of treason Archived July 3, 2022 on Wayback Machine, TASS, 01.07.2022
↑ Alexei Kavalenok, NSU commented on the detention of a scientist on suspicion of treason Archived copy from July 3, 2022 on the Wayback Machine, RBC
↑ Novosibirsk scientist Dmitry Kolker arrested on charges of treason Archived July 3, 2022 at the Wayback Machine, Meduza
↑ 1 2 RAS members demanded punishment for death of scientist Dmitry Kolker sent to SIZO with fourth-stage cancer, Meduza (05.07.2022)
Statement About Dmitrii Borisovich Kolker Archived July 5, 2022 at the Wayback Machine, July 1 Club (05.07.2022)
↑ TASS: Novosibirsk scientist Kolker arrested in state treason case died. http://www.kommersant.ru (July 3, 2022). Address date: July 3, 2022. Archived July 3, 2022.
↑ Novosibirsk scientist Dmitry Kolker detained by the FSB died, Taiga.info
↑ Dmitry Kolker – Novosibirsk laser physicist arrested on suspicion of treason Archived July 3, 2022 at the Wayback Machine, Komsomolskaya Pravda
↑ World-renowned scientist Kolker died in pre-trial detention a day after being detained. http://www.mk.ru (July 3, 2022). Address date: July 5, 2022. Archived July 4, 2022.
↑ A spontaneous memorial to scientist Dmitry Kolker, who died in the detention center of cancer three days after his arrest, was demolished in Akademgorodok, Novosibirsk. Address date: July 4, 2022. Archived July 4, 2022.
↑ Chronicle of Current Events. Economy, society, politics. Issue 122, Taiga.info (04.07.2022)


Background: Two Wiki articles on espionage charges in Russia, many likely not related to China.

Russian language Wikipedia article Accusations of Russian scientists of espionage and disclosure of state secrets

Accusations of espionage and disclosure of state secrets by Russian scientists

Material from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Accusations of Russian Federation scientists of espionage and disclosure of state secrets – systematic accusations of scientists in Russia of espionage and disclosure of state secrets, which became one of the foundations of trials and punishments in the 1990s – 2000s.

Legal cases against scientists in modern Russia


The case of Moses Finkel
In August 1994, Moisey Finkel, a researcher of one of research institutes of St. Petersburg, was detained. He was accused of attempting to pass data on hydroacoustic systems to foreign intelligence services. On May 16, 1997, the Moscow City Court sentenced Moisey Finkel to 12 years in prison with confiscation of property[1].

The case of Valentin Moiseyev
Main article: Moiseyev, Valentin Ivanovich (diplomat)

On July 3, 1998, Valentin Moiseyev, deputy director of the 1st Department of Asia of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and former research fellow at the Institute of Economics of the World Socialist System of the USSR Academy of Sciences, was detained. He was charged with cooperation with South Korean intelligence. On December 16, 1999, the Moscow City Court sentenced Moiseyev to 12 years in prison with confiscation of property. On July 25, 2000, the court panel of the Russian Supreme Court annulled that sentence and sent the case for a new trial. On August 14, 2001 the Moscow City Court reduced the term of imprisonment to 4.5 years.

Valentin Moiseyev said after serving his sentence:

If we follow both the charges brought against me and the sentence, then, as follows from these documents, I drew my espionage information, so to speak, by perceiving, as it is written there, information at scientific conferences and symposiums. Just think, how can you collect spy information sitting at these scientific conferences? This lack of evidence, this kind of tension, this stupidity, this absurdity, this, in general, is what characterizes all the cases, the spy cases, the so-called cases against scientists, such as Mr. Danilov and Mr. Sutyagin, who are now in prison, so to speak[2].

The case of Sergei Avramenko
In June 1999, Sergei Avramenko, a junior researcher at the Central Research Institute of the Russian Ministry of Defense, was detained[3]. He was accused of trying to transfer documents on new types of weapons to the intelligence services of foreign states. [3] On July 12, 2000, the Moscow District Military Court sentenced Sergei Avramenko to four years in prison and also ruled to deprive him of the rank of “lieutenant colonel” and state decorations.

The Vladimir Shchurov Case
On August 31, 1999, customs officers of Primorsky Krai detained equipment sent to China under a research contract with the Pacific Oceanological Institute. The head of the institute’s acoustic noise laboratory, Vladimir Shchurov, was charged with smuggling, export of military technology and divulgence of state secrets. On August 25, 2003, the Primorskiy krai court sentenced him to two years of suspended imprisonment.

Igor Sutyagin’s case
Main article: Sutyagin, Igor Vyacheslavovich

On October 27, 1999, the apartment of Igor Sutyagin, Head of the Military-Technical and Military-Economic Policy Sector of the Foreign Policy Research Department of the Institute of the United States and Canada of the Russian Academy of Sciences, was searched, after which he was questioned as a witness[4]. 4] Sutyagin’s office at the Institute of the United States and Canada was then searched.

On October 29, 1999, a criminal case was opened against Sutyagin under Article 275 of the Russian Criminal Code and on the same day a preventive measure in the form of detention was applied to him[5]. On November 5, 1999, Sutyagin was indicted under Article 275 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation[5]. 5] He was accused of providing the British firm Alternative Future with classified information about the latest weapons. According to the FSB, the firm had nothing to do with scientific activities, but belonged to U.S. intelligence.

After the preliminary investigation the criminal case was submitted for consideration by the Kaluga Region Court, whose decision of December 27, 2001 it was returned to the prosecutor for further investigation “in connection with a significant violation of criminal procedure law, committed by the body of the preliminary investigation, which has led to a restriction of the legally guaranteed right of the accused Sutyagin I. V. to protection.

In 2003 a new trial began, this time in the Moscow City Court[7].

On April 5, 2004, the jury unanimously found Sutyagin guilty of passing secret information to American military intelligence agents Sean Kidd and Nadia Locke, who worked under the cover of the British firm Alternative Futures, in the late 1990s for a fee[8][7].

8][8] On April 7, 2004 the Moscow City Court sentenced Sutyagin to 15 years in a strict regime penal colony, based on a jury verdict.

According to the head of the Ecology and Human Rights coalition Ernst Cherny, Judge of Moscow City Court Marina Komarova obstructed the defense of the accused by refusing to consider the evidence of innocence, as well as the conclusions of independent experts. Sutyagin did not deny that he passed some information about Russia to foreign nationals, but claimed that he took the information from open sources, such as newspapers and magazines[10].

The case of Anatoly Babkin
On April 4, 2000, Professor Anatoly Babkin of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University was detained. He was charged with attempting to transfer data about the Shkval torpedo to U.S. intelligence agencies. On February 19, 2003, the Moscow City Court sentenced Anatoly Babkin to eight years of suspended imprisonment.

The case of Valentin Danilov
Main article: Danilov, Valentin Vladimirovich

On May 8, 2000 the criminal case against the head of the Thermal Physics Center of Krasnoyarsk Technical University, Valentin Danilov, was brought. He was charged with misappropriation of funds and transferring of information constituting state secret to China. On December 30, 2003 the jury of the Krasnoyarsk Regional Court acquitted Valentin Danilov. On November 24, 2004 the case was re-examined and Danilov was sentenced to 14 years in a strict regime penal colony. Later, the Russian Supreme Court reduced the sentence to 13 years.

In 2009, RAS academicians Yu. A. Ryzhov and V. L. Ginzburg and several other scientists wrote a letter to FSB Director A. V. Bortnikov, in which they expressed the opinion that the cases of Sutyagin and Danilov were “grossly and absolutely without evidence” fabricated[11].

The case of Vladimir Vetrov and Boris Goldstein
On October 16, 2001, the Saratov Regional Court sentenced former Almaz engineers Vladimir Vetrov and Boris Goldstein to three years in prison. They were accused of trying to sell microwave emitters to China.

Oskar Kaybyshev Case
Main article: Kaibyshev, Oskar Akramovich

On August 8, 2006, the Supreme Court of Bashkortostan sentenced Oskar Kaybyshev, the founder and director of the Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, to 6 years of suspended imprisonment. He was accused of financial fraud, disclosure of state secrets and the transfer of dual-use technologies to South Korea.

The case of Oleg Korobeinichev
Oleg Korobeinichev, 65, professor and Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, head of the Laboratory of Kinetics of Combustion Processes at the Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, well-known expert in combustion, associate member of the American Institute of Astronautics and Aeronautics was convicted of divulging state secrets. The chief prosecutor of the professor was Sergey Savchenkov, head of the Novosibirsk Oblast FSB.

Sergey Dzyuba, Director of the Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion (IKCiC) of the Siberian Branch of RAS, as well as RAS academicians Yury Tsvetkov and Yury Molin, addressed the Public Chamber of Russia with a letter in defense of their colleague Oleg Korobeinichev “I am absolutely convinced of the innocence of Oleg Pavlovich Korobeinichev”. Scientists emphasize that the materials sent by Korobeinichev “were repeatedly published in the open press”[12].

On May 25, 2007, the criminal case against Korobeinichev was dropped for lack of evidence. Now the scientist is seeking an official apology from the Directorate of the FSB of Novosibirsk region[13].

The case of Svyatoslav Bobyshev and Yevgeny Afanasyev
On June 20, 2012, Svyatoslav Bobyshev was sentenced by the St. Petersburg City Court to 12 years in a strict regime colony and Yevgeny Afanasyev to 12 years 6 months in a strict regime colony for transferring information about the Bulava missile system to China[14][15].

Vladimir Lapygin’s case
On September 6, 2016, the Moscow City Court sentenced Vladimir Lapygin of the Central Research Institute of Machine Building to 7 years in strict regime under the article High Treason[16]. The 76-year-old scientist accused,[17] was detained in 2015 and charged with cooperation with an Asian country, presumably China,[18] cooperated with the investigation, which reduced his sentence, but he did not plead guilty[19].The scientist was a teacher at the Bauman Moscow State Technical University,[20] as well as the head of the TsNIImash aerogasodynamics research center, part of Roscosmos[16]. 16] The materials of the case are classified, so the process was held behind closed doors[21]. Although it is unknown what information the scientist passed on, it is known that TsNIImash and Bauman Moscow State Technical University are involved in the development of the Transport Energy Module based on a nuclear unit[22]. And China in 2016 offered Russia joint work on solar system projects,[23] 2017 announced that it intends to use nuclear technology for space exploration[24].

Opinions on the validity of the scientists’ condemnation
Check neutrality.There should be details on the discussion page.
All-Russian Extraordinary Congress for the Defense of Human Rights and the editorial board of Map magazine claimed in 2001 about “spy mania” in the Russian secret services[25][26].

25] Nobel Prize-winning physicist V.L. Ginzburg, RAS academician Ryzhov, Lyudmila Alekseeva, Sergei Kovalev, Alexei Simonov, Mark Rozovsky, Nikita Belykh and Grigory Yavlinsky addressed President Vladimir Putin with a request to pardon Sutyagin and Danilov as unjustly punished and also to “thoroughly review” the “other cases” of absence of corpus delicti or incommensurate punishment[27]. Subsequently, academicians Vitaly Ginzburg, Yevgeny Aleksandrov, Eduard Kruglyakov, and Yuri Ryzhov asked FSB Director Alexander Bortnikov to reconsider the charges[11].

Yuri Ryzhov said that the trials of the scientists were in the nature of political persecution, and that the persecution has been particularly severe since 2003[28] The FSB and its predecessor organization accused scientists on the following list of treason.

Vil Mirzayanov;[29].
Igor Sutyagin (detained October 27, 1999, acquitted in December 2001, trial started again in 2003);[10]
Valentin Danilov;
Anatoly Babkin;
Oskar Kaybyshev;
Oleg Korobeinichev and others.
The human rights organization Amnesty International called Igor Sutyagin a political prisoner. Yuri Ryzhov stated that the Russian courts were subordinate to the FSB in the cases of Danilov and Sutyagin[28][30][31].

Russian President V. Putin and his subordinates (including Minister of Justice Yury Chaika) did not respond to the requests and requests for review of the criminal cases of the convicted scientists, coming from a number of known scientists and some human rights advocates, or they denied pardon[32][27].

Opinions on the consequences of trials against scientists in Russia
Ludmila Alexeyeva, the chairman of the Moscow Helsinki Group, declared in 2002 that unless the spy mania was stopped, both business and academic contacts with Russia would be quickly curtailed: “Only 10 years have passed since the Iron Curtain fell and if even one ‘spy’ trial ends in a guilty verdict, we will find ourselves in a closed country again.”[33]

See also
Criminal cases of treason in Russia (2015)
Science in Russia
Notes
↑ How scientists were accused of divulging state secrets and state treason. Kommersant (March 24, 2006). Circulation date: May 7, 2020. Archived December 20, 2016.
↑ Conference on the Problem of Spy Mania in Russia
↑ 1 2 A spy is defrocked and convicted / Events / Nezavisimaya Gazeta. http://www.ng.ru. Access date: 7 May 2020. Archived November 28, 2005.
↑ 1 2 Detention of Igor Sutyagin and series of searches / http://www.sutyagin.ru, 27.10.1999. Date of reference: 11 July 2010. Archived 4 March 2016.
↑ 1 2 3 Cassation Ruling of the RF Supreme Court of 25 December 2002, No. 5-O02-178c (unavailable link)
↑ Extract from the Decision of the Kaluga Oblast Court of 27 December 2001. Date of access: 11 July 2010. Archived 15 July 2010.
↑ 1 2 3 No feedback from Sutyatinin Archived 11 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine // Interfax, 10 July 2010.
↑ Igor Sutyatin’s 15-year sentence is appealed at the Russian Supreme Court Archived July 14, 2011 on the Wayback Machine // Newsru.Com, April 14, 2004.
↑ How spy scientists were tried Archived February 21, 2011 at the Wayback Machine // Kommersant, August 18, 2007.
↑ 1 2 the Sutyagin Case: “Now they’ll get even”. Date of reference: February 9, 2007. Archived on 28 September 2007.
↑ 1 2 3 Russian academics sent a letter to the FSB director, proposing to initiate a review of the Sutyagin and Danilov cases (16 January 2009). Date of reference: 11 July 2010. Archived February 21, 2012.
↑ Novosibirsk scientists defend colleague accused of disclosing state secrets.
↑ Novosibirsk Scientist Demands Apology from FSB Archived June 4, 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Kommersant
↑ Bobyshev Svyatoslav Vasilyevich (unavailable link). Date of access: 8 August 2012. Archived 6 October 2012.
↑ Two professors of Baltic State Technical University to go to jail for treason – Gazeta. Ru. Date of access: 8 August 2012. Archived 25 July 2012.
↑ 1 2 TsNIImash employee received 7 years in prison for state treason. Date of access: 20 April 2017. Archived April 21, 2017.
↑ The Moscow City Court sentenced a TsNIImash employee to 7 years for state treason. Date of reference: April 20, 2017. Archived April 21, 2017.
↑ A lecturer at Moscow State Technical University received 7 years in prison for treason. Date of reference: April 20, 2017. Archived April 21, 2017.
↑ High-profile cases of state treason and disclosure of state secrets against Russian scientists. Date of reference: 10 July 2020. Archived July 10, 2020.
↑ A 75-year-old employee of TsNIImash was sentenced to seven years in prison for state treason. Date of reference: April 20, 2017. Archived April 21, 2017.
↑ Lapygin, an employee of TsNIIMash, sentenced to seven years in a penal colony for state treason. Date of reference: 20 April 2017. Archived April 21, 2017.
↑ TsNIImash will develop a nuclear-powered transport and energy module. Date of reference: April 20, 2017. Archived April 21, 2017.
↑ Russia and China discuss joint projects to explore other planets. Date of reference: April 20, 2017. Archived April 20, 2017.
↑ China wants to use nuclear technology in deep space exploration. Date of reference: April 20, 2017. Archived April 21, 2017.
↑ All-Russian Extraordinary Congress in Defense of Human Rights. Resolution. On the fabrication of “spy” cases by the FSB and the planting of spy mania in the country (inaccessible link) (January 20, 2001). Accessed July 14, 2010. Archived February 12, 2005.
↑ Map: Russian Independent Historical and Human Rights Journal. Epidemic of Secrecy (inaccessible link). Date of access: February 13, 2007. Archived 20 April 2005.
↑ 1 2 Vitaly Ginzburg, Yuri Ryzhov, Lyudmila Alekseeva, Sergei Kovalev, Alexei Simonov, Mark Rozovsky, Nikita Belykh, Grigory Yavlinsky. Pardon petition (unavailable) (January 22, 2007). Date of access: February 9, 2007. Archived 9 January 2008.
↑ 1 2 Vera Vasilyeva. FSB against the Scientists (19 January 2007). Archived 16 May 2008.
↑ Sakharov Museum and Public Center. Mirzayanov Vil Sultanovich. Archived on October 13, 2007.
↑ Yuri Ryzhov, Viktor Nekrutenko, Lyudmila Alexeeva, Alexander Shvedov, Ernst Black. Press conference on the case of physicist Valentin Danilov (unavailable) (17 November 2004). Date of reference: February 9, 2007. Archived February 21, 2012.
↑ Zoya Svetova. Danilov’s case – “a mare’s delirium” (unavailable link). Russian Courier (newspaper) (18 November 2004). Date of access: 14 July 2010. Archived 19 July 2012.
↑ Comrade Putin! He’s a big scientist: The president ignored the academics’ letter and refused to pardon Igor Sutyagin Archived September 29, 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Zoya Svetova, Novaya Gazeta, No 70, 22 September 2005.
↑ MHG in Media: Vladimir Mikhailov. Article. A campaign against spy mania in Russia has begun. Date of access: February 13, 2007. Archived February 8, 2007.
Literature
Dzyuba C. Sharashina office – FSB provokes scientists for scientific discoveries and then “closes” them for espionage: Testimony of director of RAN institute // Novaya Gazeta. 2010. № 3. January 15, 2010.
References
“Korobeinichev’s case” – damage for science
FSB vs Novosibirsk scientist Oleg Korobeinichev Archived July 17, 2021 at the Wayback Machine
Where does treason against the motherland begin? New “spy scientist” case Archived July 17, 2021 at the Wayback Machine
Sutyagin Case: Now They’re Gonna Get Back Full Archived July 17, 2021 at the Wayback Machine
Campaign against spy mania in Russia launched Archived February 8, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
Conference on the Problem of Spy Mania in Russia


Machine translation of Russian language Wikipedia article: Criminal cases of treason in Russia (2014-2016)

Material from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Information about criminal cases of treason in Russia began to appear regularly in the Russian and foreign media in early 2015[1][2][3]. According to TASS, the Lefortovo Court in Moscow alone issued nine detention orders for individuals accused of treason or espionage between January 1, 2014 and March 3, 2015[4].

Among the criminal cases filed in Russia in 2014-2015 for treason are those against Svetlana Davydova, a mother of many children, scientist Vladimir Golubev, and Moscow Patriarchate employee Evgeny Petrin, as well as the case against Gennady Kravtsov, the details of which are unknown. According to Pavel Chikov, the Chairman of the Agora Association, what is happening is associated with the strengthening of the FSB position in relation to the other Russian law enforcement agencies. P. Chikov asserts[5]:
The FSB has built an invisible system of politically motivated criminal and administrative prosecution in the country. The State Security Service is actively shaping new approaches to criminal proceedings, not only encroaching on the already minimal rights of the defense, but in fact claiming their complete absence.

Journalist Zoya Svetova characterizes the current situation as Russia’s plunge into “spy mania”[6].

The notion of high treason
High treason is the most serious crime against the security of the state, stipulated by Article 275 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Since 2012 it is defined very broadly as “espionage committed by a citizen of the Russian Federation, disclosure to a foreign state, international or foreign organization or their representatives of information constituting a state secret, entrusted to the person or which has become known to him in the course of service, work, study or in other cases provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation, or providing financial, material and technical, consulting or other assistance to a foreign state, international or foreign organization or their representatives. In the Criminal Code of the RSFSR a similar crime was called “treason against the Motherland”[7]. Until 2012 the disposition of the article 275 was more “narrow”: “espionage, disclosure of state secrets or other assistance to a foreign state, a foreign organization or their representatives in conducting hostile activities to the detriment of the external security of the Russian Federation, committed by a citizen of the Russian Federation,”[8]. Only a Russian citizen may be charged under the article on treason. A foreigner, as well as a stateless person is liable for espionage under article 276 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. It is worth noting that the “expansion” of the disposition of Article 275 in 2012 did not lead to an immediate increase in the number of those convicted under it. In 2011, when the “old wording” of Article 275 of the RF Criminal Code was in effect, in Russia 6 people were convicted under it (all to imprisonment)[9] and in 2013 – only 4 people[10].

Court statistics on treason cases (2014-2015)
Cases of convictions in treason cases in modern Russia are isolated, but in 2014 there was a sharp increase in the number of those convicted. In 2014, 15 people in Russia were convicted under Article 275 of the Russian Criminal Code (all to actual imprisonment, no additional punishment in the form of restriction of freedom was applied at all)[11]. Then there was a noticeable decline: in 2015, only 6 people were convicted under Article 275 of the Russian Criminal Code[12].

Some criminal cases
This section needs substantial revision.This section of the article needs to be supplemented and this post removed. Comments can be on the discussion page.
Catherine Harebava’s case.
In November 2014, Sochi saleswoman Ekaterina Kharebava, who had been detained since May 2013, was sentenced to 6 years in prison on charges of espionage[13] (she was a Georgian national, and similar acts by a foreign national are qualified under Article 276 of the Russian Criminal Code). According to the investigation, in the summer of 2008 Kharebava, who worked as a market saleswoman, informed the military representative of Georgia about the movement of Russian troops. In 2015, the human rights organization Memorial recognized Kharebava as a political prisoner[14].

The case of Oksana Sevastidi
In April 2008, Oksana Sevastidi, a Russian resident of Sochi, received an SMS from the son of her former colleague from Georgia, who asked if “tanks were really standing” in Sochi, and Sevastidi wrote a short message with the meaning “they used to stand”[15]. In January 2015, police officers showed up at her home and took her away with them. On March 3, 2016, the Krasnodar Regional Court sentenced Sevastidi to 7 years in prison under Article 275 of the Russian Criminal Code (treason). Her lawyer did not appeal the sentence. Sevastidi was sent to serve her sentence in a colony. In November 2016, Team 29 attorneys took up her case, filing a petition to the Krasnodar Territory Court for an extension of the appeal period[16]. On March 7, 2017, Russian President Vladimir Putin pardoned Oksana Sevastidi[17].

Peter Parpulov’s case
In July 2010, Sochi pensioner, United Russia member and former airport air traffic controller Pyotr Parpulov traveled with his wife to visit relatives in Tbilisi[18]. 18] There he met Taras Tipia, who introduced himself as an employee of the Georgian migration service. In reality, Tipia was an employee of the Georgian secret services[18]. Parpulov returned home and was not approached by Russian law enforcement agencies for 4 years[18].

On March 4, 2014, the seriously ill Sochi pensioner Pyotr Parpulov was placed in pre-trial detention center No. 5 in Krasnodar on suspicion of high treason. The case was classified as “secret. On 7 March, Parpulov was charged with treason, the essence of which was not disclosed and even Parpulov himself was not informed about what exactly he was accused of. According to Parpulov’s lawyer Oleg Eliseev, the wording of the charges “lacks a list of information that constitutes a secret. As a result, the defense is virtually impossible. The court’s decision that refused to provide a detailed indictment in response to the lawyer’s complaint violates Article 47 of the Criminal Code, according to which the accused has the right to know what he is accused of[19][20][21].

According to Parpulov’s wife, the investigation resorted to blackmailing the accused, promising visits from his family only in exchange for a confession. The pensioner refused to admit guilt and has not received a single visit from his family since his arrest[19].

Parpulov suffers from 3rd degree chronic heart failure, 3rd degree hypertension with 4th degree risk, bradycardia, extrasystole, inguinal hernia, chronic gastroduodenitis, suffered a severe hypertensive crisis during his arrest, and his health deteriorated rapidly during his time in pre-trial detention[19][22]. On February 17, 2015, Parpulov’s family petitioned President Putin to release the accused under house arrest[19][23].

On September 29, 2015, the Krasnodar Territory Court began hearing the case of Sochi Airport Dispatcher Peter Parpulov, accused of state treason[24]. On January 22, 2016, the Krasnodar Regional Court sentenced Parpulov to 12 years in prison, finding him guilty of high treason. In 2010, at the time of the alleged crime, Parpulov served as deputy head of the traffic service of the Black Sea Center “Aeronavigatsiya Yuga. He did not plead guilty[25]. The defendant himself stated that he was being tried for disclosing information published on the Internet, including on the website of the newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda[26].

In October 2017, Peter Parpulov wrote a clemency petition to the Tver Pardon Commission[18]. He also wrote a clemency petition to Russian Human Rights Commissioner Tatyana Moskalkova[18]. However, his daughter was informed that the competence of the Commissioner does not include clemency[18].


Accused mother of many children Svetlana Davydova in treason case
The case of Svetlana Davydova
Main article: The case of Svetlana Davydova

In April 2014, Svetlana Davydova, a mother of many children from Vyazma, noticed that the military unit No. 48886 of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, 82nd Separate Radio Technical Brigade of the GRU, located next door to her house, was deserted. Later, while riding in a minibus, Davydova overheard a soldier of that unit talking about how he and his fellow soldiers were “being transported in small groups to Moscow, necessarily in civilian clothes, and from there on to a business trip”[27]. Davydova, who condemned the stirring up of the conflict in Ukraine, realized that the servicemen were being sent to Donetsk and informed the Ukrainian embassy by telephone[28].

On January 21, 2015, eight months after the alleged crime event, Davydova was arrested by the FSB task force. On January 22, the Lefortovo District Court of Moscow selected a measure of restraint in the form of detention with detention in the SIZO. On February 1, it became known that the case file contained the conclusion of the specialists of the General Staff of the Ministry of Defense that the information provided to her by the Ukrainian Embassy in Moscow was reliable and constituted state secrets with the degree of secrecy “secret”[29].

On March 13, Davydova’s attorneys reported that the criminal case against her was terminated by the investigator due to the absence of corpus delicti. All charges were dropped against Davydova and she was granted the right to rehabilitation[30][31]. The alleged reason for the termination of the case are the results of the examination, which took place at the request of the FSB investigation department. The experts concluded that Svetlana Davydova had not passed the secret information to the Ukrainian Embassy[32][33]. At the press conference held after the dismissal of the case, Svetlana Davydova thanked all Russian citizens who expressed their support for her. Davydova also stated that she would not demand monetary compensation for her placement in a detention center. According to her, “it would be wrong from the position that the taxpayers are not to blame for the fact that the state initiated this case. It would be better if this money went to some social programs.”[34].

The case of Vladimir Golubev
In Nizhny Novgorod, Vladimir Golubev, a former researcher at the Russian Federal Nuclear Center in Sarov, was charged with high treason. According to the FSB, in 2013 he published data on explosives that are protected as state secrets in a Czech scientific journal. The scientist himself believes that information about them has long been available in the scientific literature. On July 7, 2014, Golubev was charged with high treason and a measure of restraint was chosen in the form of a pledge not to leave the country. The media became aware of this criminal case after Golubev had a new lawyer, Yevgeny Gubin[35].

On April 21, 2015, Golubev was arrested by decision of the Sarov City Court[36]. On June 1, after agreeing to an amnesty, he was released from pre-trial detention. The criminal case against Golubev was closed[37].

The case of Gennady Kravtsov
On May 27, 2014, Gennady Kravtsov, a leading information technology design engineer and former GRU officer with 15 years of experience, was arrested in Moscow on charges of treason. Kravtsov had security clearance, but according to his family, his nondisclosure agreement expired in 2011. Some time after his dismissal from the GRU, Kravtsov received a passport as a matter of routine and made several foreign trips. The reason for the criminal case was the resume sent by Kravtsov to Sweden in search of work, to which the defendant received the answer that the company was not authorized to hire citizens of other states[38].

First arrested and searched at his residence in 2013. Re-arrested on May 27, 2014 on charges of violating Article 275 of the 2009 version of the Russian Criminal Code. “The investigation believes that he committed the offense in 2010. The article was changed in 2012. And the law, which worsens the situation of a citizen, should not be applied,” believes the lawyer of the accused Alexander Ivanov[38][40]. The case is classified, no details about it are reported, except that Kravtsov is accused of transferring some secret data to the West[41].

On January 21, 2015, Lefortovo District Court No. 4 in Moscow Moscow issued a decision to extend the defendant’s arrest.[41] The lawyer intends to demand an independent due diligence with the participation of representatives of various agencies[40].

On June 22, 2015, the Moscow City Court began to consider the merits of Kravtsov’s case[42]. The defendant’s arrest was extended for another 6 months[43]. He was sentenced to 6 years’ imprisonment in a strict regime penal colony on charges of committing a crime under Article 275 of the Russian Criminal Code (“High Treason”). He was in custody from May 27, 2014 until May 26, 2020, when he was released after serving his sentence[44][45].

Yevgeny Petrin’s case
On February 9, 2015, Evgeny Petrin of the Moscow Patriarchate’s Department for External Church Relations was arrested in Moscow on charges of treason and espionage[46]. The reason for Petrin’s detention was his cooperation with U.S. intelligence, to whom he allegedly passed information about the activities of the Russian Orthodox Church. The accused himself claims that he is an FSB captain and worked undercover in the patriarchate’s Department of External Church Relations[47].

On June 14, 2016, Petrin was sentenced to 12 years in a strict regime colony with a fine of 200,000 rubles for espionage in favor of the United States[48]. According to the Dozhd TV channel, in 2014 the convict “at an unspecified time” and “at an unspecified place” provided “unspecified CIA agents” with classified information. The court did not disclose what information Petrin gave to the foreign spies. The court refused to say what information Petrin passed on to foreign spies. Other details of the case were classified as “secret. The only thing that the journalists were able to find out was that the defendant had previously been a staff member of the FSB, from which he voluntarily resigned[49].

The case of the military sailors
On February 19, 2015, it became known that in November 2014, senior naval officers Zakhary Agapishvili, Sergei Danilchenko and two more servicemen, Levan Charkviani and Konstantin Yashin, were convicted on charges of treason. Terms of condemnation are not specified, the case is kept under the “top secret”. According to investigators, the defendants in the case passed secret data to foreign countries. All the four defendants in the case were deprived of military ranks and awards[50].

The case of Vladislav Nikolsky
On April 12, 2015, it became known that a trial was underway in St. Petersburg against 1st rank captain and scientist Vladislav Nikolsky on charges of high treason. He is accused of transferring information containing state secrets to Ukraine. The FSB considers that the defendant has inflicted $200000 worth of damage to Russia. According to the investigation, Nikolsky provided representatives of the Feodosiya Production Association “More” with documentation on the world’s largest hovercraft Zubr, which was classified in the mid-2000s[51]. According to the online newspaper Bumaga, Nikolsky was involved in the design and testing of surface ships, as well as holding radical political views and being a member of the ultra-nationalist club Russian Thought by Konstantin Dushenov. Nikolsky has already been tried – in 2008, the scientist received a year in prison after he ordered a print run of a brochure deemed extremist[52].

Victor Shura’s case
On July 22, 2015, the Lefortovo District Court of Moscow charged Shura with state treason under Article 275 of the Russian Criminal Code and extended his arrest until September 24. The case is being heard under “Secret”[53][54].

The case of Yevgeny Chistov
At the same court hearing on July 22, 2015, Chistov was also charged with treason under Article 275 of the Russian Criminal Code. The case is classified, information is not disclosed. The Lefortovo court extended Chistov’s arrest until September 26, 2015[53][54].

Yuri Soloshenko’s case
Soloshenko is a Ukrainian citizen who, before his retirement, headed the Poltava defense plant Znamya, which manufactured electro-vacuum equipment for the defense industry. In 2014, pensioner Soloshenko left Ukraine for Moscow, where he was arrested. On July 2, 2015, the Lefortovo court in Moscow extended his arrest until September 5[55].

The Yevgeny Mataytis Case
Mataytis has dual Russian-Lithuanian citizenship, was detained in Kaliningrad Region, was charged with espionage in favor of Lithuania on June 25, 2015, and was ordered to be detained until August 24[56].
According to the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), Mataytis, on the instructions of the Second Department of Operational Services of the Lithuanian Ministry of Defense (military intelligence and counterintelligence), purposefully collected military information about the Russian Armed Forces, the leakage of which abroad could have caused serious damage to the defense capabilities of the state.

The case is classified as “Top Secret. The FSB announced that Mataitis was confessing[57].

The case of Aristides Tamošaitis
Tamošaitis is a Lithuanian national, an officer of the 2nd Department of Operative Services (military intelligence) of the Lithuanian Ministry of Provincial Security, detained in Moscow in May 2015. Information about the case is classified[56].

The case of Valery Selyanin
In the summer of 2015, under the “top secret” label, the Moscow City Court sentenced Russian Valery Selyanin on charges of high treason (15 years in prison). Together with Selyanin they convicted two natives of the Middle East for incitement to treason. According to some reports, they are Iranians. Selyanin was born in the Sumy Region of Ukraine. He is accused of providing foreigners with consulting and other assistance against Russia’s security. Selyanin did not plead guilty. According to the materials of the case, the other two defendants speak a rare Eastern language, which is difficult to translate because there are too few experts in this language[58]. The existence of this case became known in March 2015. At that time, the Moscow City Court rejected the appeal of the defendant’s defense to extend his arrest to 20 months. The other two defendants in the criminal case, according to materials announced at the time, are foreign nationals who “speak a rare Eastern language, the translation from and into which is difficult because there are few specialists.”[58] In 2017, the human rights organization Memorial recognized Selyanin as a political prisoner. His defense is provided by lawyer Oleg Eliseev[59].

Release of some convicted for treason (2017)
In 2017, some of those convicted of treason between 2014 and 2016 were released. During 2017, Vladimir Putin pardoned three women convicted of divulging state secrets by texting – Oksana Sevastidi, Ani Kesyan, and Arina Dzhandzhgava[18]. Another convicted woman, Inga Tutisani, was released by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, reducing her sentence from six years to four years and one month in prison[18].

See also
Russian Federation scientists charged with espionage and disclosure of state secrets
Notes
↑ Arrests on treason charges become a trend in Russia
↑ One more person was arrested in Moscow on charges of treason
↑ Enemy of the State: Who and Why are Suspected of Treason in Russia
↑ Moscow City Court: since 2014, nine people have been arrested under the articles “High Treason” and “Espionage”. TASS (March 5, 2015). Date of reference: 7 March 2015.
↑ FSB revenge: how the system of political persecution was built. Forbes. Date of access: 11 February 2015.
↑ Zoya Svetova. New spy mania: airport employee, tanker electrician and others accused of state treason. Open Russia (19 February 2015). Date of reference: 19 February 2015.
↑ A. Y. Sukharev, V. E. Krutskikh, A. Y. Sukhareva. High treason // The Big Dictionary of Law. – M.: Infra-M. – 2003.
↑ Obsolete or unsupported web browser.
http://www.cdep.ru/userimages/sudebnaya_statistika/forma_10_3-2011_god.xls
↑ Judicial Department
↑ Judicial Department.
↑ Summary statistics on the state of criminal records in Russia in 2015
↑ Ekaterina Harebava | OVD-Info
↑ Sochi saleswoman convicted of state treason found to be a political prisoner – News – Novaya Gazeta
↑ Oksana Sevastidi: “I don’t want to go anywhere anymore” – Rumors and Facts. 1000inf.ru. Date of reference: December 5, 2016.
↑ Anastasia Kurilova, Anastasia Kurilova. Gosizmeniya with the speed of SMS // Kommersant newspaper. – 2016-02-12. – Issue. 224. – С. 4.
↑ Sevastidi, pardoned by the president, is going to get her sentence overturned
↑ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Selyanin Valery Petrovich | Human Rights Center “Memorial”. memohrc.org. Date of reference: December 21, 2017.
↑ 1 2 3 4 In Sochi, aviation expert accused of state treason. Rosbalt (16 February 2015). Date of reference: 02-22-2015.
↑ G. Pechyonkin. The new “state treason” Parpulov turned out to be a simple pensioner, he did not work at the time of his arrest. This was reported by his former employer. Moskovsky Komsomolets (February 17, 2015). Access date: 02-22-2015.
↑ Basel Aero: accused Parpulov was not working in Sochi at the time of his arrest. RIA Novosti (16 February 2015). Date of reference: 02-22-2015.
↑ A. Perova. The accused was not told the details of his treason. The Sochi resident was refused to specify the state treason imputed to him… Kommersant (February 17, 2015). Date of reference: 02-22-2015.
↑ Relatives of the Sochi resident accused of treason asked to let him go home. Interfax (17 February 2015). Date of reference: 02-22-2015.
↑ Krasnodar court begins to consider case of air traffic controller accused of treason – News – Novaya Gazeta
↑ reeD | Sochi air traffic controller gets 12 years in jail “for state treason”
↑ Grani. Ru: Sochi air traffic controller sentenced to 12 years in prison for high treason | Society / Law
↑ Resident of Smolensk region accused of state treason in favor of Ukraine. Kommersant newspaper, 29.01.2015.
↑ The phones of the Ukrainian Embassy in Moscow are tapped – human rights activist
↑ Lawyer: the General Staff confirmed the authenticity of the information given by Davydova to Ukraine
↑ Lawyer said the case of Davydova accused of treason has been dropped. Interfax (13 March 2015). Date of reference: 13 March 2015.
↑ “Common sense prevailed in Svetlana Davydova case”. Kommersant (13 March 2015). Date of reference: 13 March 2015.
↑ Expertise found nothing secret in Svetlana Davydova’s case. Kommersant (13 March 2015). Date of reference: 13 March 2015.
↑ “Expertise found no state secrets in Davydova’s case”. Kommersant (13 March 2015). Date of reference: 13 March 2015.
↑ Davydova will not claim compensation from the state. Rosbalt (13 March 2015). Date of reference: 13 March 2015.
↑ “Case of his prosecution fabricated” Former employee of Russian Federal Nuclear Center accused of state treason
↑ A retired nuclear scientist from Nizhny Novgorod arrested for speaking at a conference | Power | News | Kasparov. Ru
↑ NEWSru.com :: Nuclear physicist accused of revealing state secrets, Nizhny Novgorod released under amnesty
↑ 1 2 Russian man accused of “high treason” for sending resume to Sweden
↑ Gennady Kravtsov’s Wife: “My Husband Was Detained in Lefortovo for Nine Months Just for Sending His CV to Sweden”. Open Russia, official website (11 March 2015).
↑ 1 2 Lawyer: Gennady Kravtsov, accused of state treason, arrested because of resume sent to Sweden… Mediazone, official website (March 11, 2015). Date of reference: December 3, 2015.
↑ 1 2 A Russian accused of state treason was arrested in Moscow. Interfax, official website (February 6, 2015).
↑ NEWSru.com :: Three more people accused of treason found in Moscow detention center, one of them is a scientist.
↑ Moscow City Court has kept in pre-trial detention a former GRU officer accused of treason | News | Russian Agency for Legal and Judicial Information – RAPSI
↑ Kravtsov Gennady. Memorial Human Rights Center (October 30, 2015). Date of reference: 19 May 2021.
↑ Fourteen years according to the summary // Kommersant.
↑ An employee of the Russian Orthodox Church arrested on charges of high treason
↑ ROC official arrested for espionage called himself an FSB captain.
↑ Former ROC official sentenced to 12 years in prison for high treason
↑ 9 Kanal TV – Ex-ROC priest convicted of treason in Russia
↑ Four Navy men convicted of high treason
↑ Scientist from St. Petersburg accused of treason – Rosbalt.ru
↑ Scientist in St. Petersburg is on trial for high treason over SMS to Ukraine.
↑ 1 2 Two more Russians accused of treason
↑ 1 2 Two more Russians accused of treason
↑ Director of Poltava defense plant “Znamya” arrested on suspicion of espionage
↑ 1 2 FSB apprehended the second Lithuanian spy in a month
↑ FSB: Evgeny Mataytis Detained in Kaliningrad Region Gathered Military Intelligence
↑ 1 2 Russian sentenced to 15 years in strict regime penal colony for treason
↑ Selyanin Valery Petrovich.
Links
Scientist-physicist Ludomirsky sentenced to nine years in prison for treason

End of background. Resume articles on cases of suspected espionage on behalf of China in Russia.


2022: “It’s a big shock for the institute”: another prominent Novosibirsk physicist arrested for high treason


This is the second arrest of a physics scientist in the past week

July 2, 2022

According to the scientist’s colleagues, Anatoly Maslov was arrested on June 28

Photo: itam.nsc.ru

Physicist Anatoly Maslov has been arrested in Novosibirsk. This information was confirmed by Yevgeny Bondar, deputy director of the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. S. A. Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. As Yevgeny Bondar was told by relatives of Anatoly Maslov, he is accused of treason. According to the information they have, the 75-year-old scientist is in Moscow, in the Lefortovo pre-detention center.

  • Anatoly Aleksandrovich is a scientist-physicist who worked for several decades in our institute, devoted his whole life to serving Russian science. For about thirty years he headed the laboratory, taught at NSU and NSTU. He was a professor at these two universities. He is widely known as a scientist in Russia and in the world,” said the deputy director for scientific work at IMPA.

As specified by Evgeny Bondar, Anatoly Maslov was awarded the first prize named after Academician Petrov, the first prize and the gold medal named after Zhukovsky. Zhukovsky. Under the guidance of the scientist 8 doctoral dissertations and 11 Ph.D. theses were defended.

  • He worked for a long time as deputy director of our institute. Now he is the chief researcher. For the IMPA team, this is a huge shock. We all know him as a decent man and a brilliant researcher. No one believes that he can be guilty of what he is accused of,” stressed Yevgeny Bondar.

The press service of the FSB and the Sovietsky District Court did not answer the NGS journalist.


Another Novosibirsk scientist was arrested on suspicion of treason

He is now in a pre-trial detention center in Moscow.


TASS, July 2. Anatoly Maslov, chief researcher at the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, has been arrested on suspicion of high treason. This was reported to TASS by a source close to the investigation. Earlier, the Sovetsky District Court of Novosibirsk arrested Dmitry Kolker, head of the laboratory of Novosibirsk State University, on the case of high treason.

Read also
Novosibirsk scientist Dmitry Kolker arrested on suspicion of treason Suspected of treason NSU scientist created radiation sources for medicine and special tasks
“Maslov is suspected of providing data that is a state secret,” the agency’s interlocutor said, specifying that the data is related to hypersonics.

He added that the suspect was transported to the Lefortovo pre-detention center in Moscow. The case is being investigated by the Central Office of the Federal Security Service of Russia.

According to the website of the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, of which the scientist is the chief research associate, Maslov is a well-known expert in the field of viscous gas dynamics.

The main direction of his scientific activity is aerogasodynamics. He developed effective algorithms and conducted the first numerical calculations in Russia on the stability of compressible flows and showed the possibility of complete stabilization of the supersonic boundary layer by cooling the surface of the aircraft. The website of the institute specifies that in recent years he started a new scientific trend – the experimental study of flows at the micro level, unique data on the structure of microfluidic flows and microstrings were obtained.

Maslov is a professor at NSU; his students include 11 candidates and nine doctors of science and one corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In addition, the scientist is a member of the Russian National Committee for Theoretical and Applied Mechanics and a member of the Russian National Committee for Mechanical Engineering.


2021: The Chinese spy will be imprisoned until his retirement

February 25, 2021

Vladimir Vasilyev, 52, a resident of Transbaikal Region, received 8 years in a strict regime colony for espionage and state treason.
This decision was made by the Trans-Baikal Territory Court; the sentence came into force.

After serving his main sentence, the court also restricted Vasilyev’s freedom for another year.

“Russian citizen Vladimir Vasilyev was convicted by the Trans-Baikal Territory Court under Article 275 of the Russian Criminal Code (Treason) for collecting and transferring state secret information to foreign intelligence agencies. He was sentenced to eight years in a strict regime penal colony,” said court spokeswoman Viktoria Mikhailuk. – The sentence came into force.

Vasilyev was detained in the Trans-Baikal Territory in August 2019 and was later escorted to Moscow for investigations. Although he pleaded guilty, the case against him was tried in a general procedure, and the hearing was held in closed session. In Russia, such cases are marked “secret” and “top secret,” as the publication of information from the case, including in foreign media, may harm the interests of the Russian Federation.

A source in the law enforcement agencies told TASS that Vasilyev collected and transmitted information constituting state secrets to Chinese special services.



Chinese spy in the Northern Capital

by Irina Loginova
June 15, 2020

from journal.ru

From journal.ru article via Google Lens and Google Translate.

Valery Mitko, president of the Arctic Academy of Sciences, is accused of treason in favor of China.

Valery Mitko is a captain of the 1st rank in the reserve. From 1963 to 1994, he served on ships, submarines, and institutions of the Navy. He serves as president of the St. Petersburg Arctic Public Academy of Sciences. Since 2016, Mitko has been teaching at Dalian Maritime University in China as a visiting professor. He has traveled to China twice a year to give lectures.


2020: Chinese “spy” caught in the Far East
January 16, 2020

The Blagoveshchensk city court punished a citizen of China for selling a “spy” pen, reports DEITA.RU on the materials of the criminal case.

As established by the court, a minor citizen of China purchased a video recording device disguised as a fountain pen in his home country. In Russia, free circulation of such “special technical means, designed for secret information acquisition” is prohibited. But the Chinese still decided to sell it in one of the local shopping centers.

The seller was “unlucky” – the buyer turned out to be a participant of the “test purchase” operation. At the hearing, the Chinese man pleaded guilty to the crime in full. From the testimony given by him during the investigation it follows that he knew about the criminal responsibility for the sale of the device, but expected that he would sell the object quickly and no one would catch him.

Blagoveshchensk City Court in making a decision took into account mitigating circumstances for a citizen of China: full confession of guilt and repentance of the offense, the minority of the guilty, active cooperation in the detection and investigation of the crime, the conditions of his life and upbringing. No aggravating circumstances were found.

The court punished the young man with a fine of 20,000 rubles. The technical device was ruled to be destroyed.

Dmitry Sannikov

The ‘spy video pen’ may have been similar to this one sold on the aliexpress website:


“Is Putin a Chinese spy?”
Funny idea from A. Movchan, based on which country gets the most benefit from current events:

Ribaku.ru March 9, 2022

“Is Putin a Chinese spy?

The actions of the Russian government since 2014 have been highly questionable in terms of benefits for Russia and Russians: the annexation of Crimea could be seen as an acquisition (cynically, but it is possible), but in reality in exchange for a piece of land, mostly covered by mountains, Russians got a hole in the budget, sanctions that set the economy far back and significantly weaken Russia in the international arena, a long-term decline in people’s income, and so on. And the DNR-LNR brought nothing to Russia and did not even “protect the rights of Russian-speakers” – in Kharkov, for example, Russian-speakers lived much better than in the DNR.

China benefited from Russia’s actions. Western sanctions pushed Russia to the east, to the only major player; as a consequence, the terms of cooperation with China became disadvantageous for Russia and advantageous for the Celestial Empire. Russia played the role of villain on the world stage and diverted attention away from China. China could bargain with the West for its participation in “limiting Russia”.

Interestingly, the beginning of Russia’s aggressive behavior toward Ukraine roughly coincides with the Chinese leadership’s awareness of the emerging structural problems of the Chinese economy. Since 2013, Xi Jinping, a supporter of a tougher domestic policy and a more ambitious foreign policy, has been in power in the country. Meanwhile, China’s GDP growth rate, which before 2012 averaged 9% per year, has been declining after 2012 – from 7% to 6%, and in the last 2 years it has been as low as 5% per year.

China urgently needed a new growth driver, especially amid tightening economic relations with the United States. New energy could well be such a driver, as China has huge reserves of rare metals and production capacity; but on the one hand Russia also has such reserves, on the other hand, in the process, for the next 10-15 years, it is significantly more important for China to provide cheap sources of “old” energy carriers: the market prices for them are difficult for the Chinese economy.

In this sense, Russia, cut off from the world by sanctions, Russia is an outcast with nowhere to sell its oil, gas and coal except to China, and therefore it sells them for next to nothing – the perfect solution to China’s problem. Moreover, you can pay Russia with your own production, selling it at any price – unless, of course, other countries are selling their products. If Russia is a pariah, then you can buy up its industry almost for free (since there is no demand) and not only get cheap raw materials, but also keep the profits from its production. If Russia is a pariah, then even what Russia earns can be kept in yuan, that is, not given at all. Having gained control over Russia, China becomes a monopolist in terms of raw materials for the new energy industry. Russians will not be able to prevent the Chinese from repopulating their land – under sanctions, in a rogue country, they will die out, making room, while migrant workers will disperse because of the falling ruble and the impoverishment of the country.

In reality, all of these processes are already underway. Long-term agreements with China on oil and gas supplies are unprofitable for Russia; the buying up of assets, which since 2014 have only become cheaper, is underway; the repopulation of the country by the Chinese is underway; and the extinction of Russians is underway. Even before covid, China apparently had “enough” of sanctions for Crimea and the DNR. But perhaps against the background of a further decline in China’s GDP growth rate, problems in the covid and the U.S. tough stance on technology of the CPC Central Committee it seemed that the processes were too weak – it was necessary to increase Russia’s dependence on China, reduce the value of assets, accelerate the extinction. How could this be achieved? Only by forcing Russia to do something absolutely horrible and ridiculous, which would make the world shudder. And Russia started an all-out war with Ukraine.

It is easy to see that Russia, which has consistently migrated to China from all over the world, was nevertheless completely unprepared for a full-scale war and a response from the West.

The reserves were not protected, on the contrary, the foreign debt was for some reason carefully minimized; thousands of relatively simple technologies, which have nothing to replace them, were not localized; oil sales were not protected by switching mainly to sales to “third countries”. The conclusion is that the decision to go to war was not made in the Kremlin and was dictated to the Kremlin from outside, obviously from the East (the West does not need such a war – rising oil, gas and grain prices do not help it at all).

If we stick to this version, then it becomes clear why, 13 days after the start of the war, notwithstanding the fact that the Russian attitude to the war is changing rapidly and not for the benefit of the Kremlin, notwithstanding the ruble at 150 and the threat of collapse of many production chains, notwithstanding the thousands killed by Russia – Putin does not offer Ukraine acceptable conditions and does not declare “victory”, in an attempt to minimize damage. The sanctions imposed on China are simply not enough. Only Chinese goods must remain in Russia; Russia must be prohibited from selling raw materials to anyone but China; Russia must undergo a full-scale default and drop the prices of its big businesses and industries to zero; the West must “reach” for serious negotiations with China about what preferences the Middle Kingdom would get if it stopped Russia. It is also clear why Western sanctions are actively hitting Russian oligarchs and the middle class: China does not need either the current asset owners or the layer of the population that will resist the Chinese silent occupation – they would rather be forced abroad and/or lose all assets and businesses – the Chinese in Russia will have to do something profitable, they do not need local competitors.

If this version is true (and it looks like it, doesn’t it?), then a terrible thing is happening: under the pretext of “fighting for independence from the West,” Russia is simply being turned over to China with its guts, having previously weakened as much as possible. Or rather, that Russia is being turned over to China is a fact; the only question is whether it is deliberate or idiotic. Could this mean that the Russian decision-makers are being recruited? It cannot be ruled out. Could it have been recruited a long time ago? It could – the Chinese have been thinking for decades, and even centuries.”

China Russia Longpost Text


2014: Is Putin a Chinese spy?
by Stan Berg


The opposition is stigmatizing Putin’s latest agreements with China to further reorient Russia to the east.
From the perspective of the head of a huge country, this is a very risky move. Why?
Let’s break it down point by point!


1. The transfer of natural resources to China’s production capacity makes the enormous Eurasian territory a natural raw materials appendage of “the Celestial Empire.
2. Strategically, it opens up new opportunities for regional voting. In the near future the majority of Primorye residents will vote in favor of joining China because of mixed marriages with the Chinese and a growing distrust of
of “Kremlin dreamers.”
3 The thinking of the current political establishment is becoming more and more similar to the temporary tactical operations of the secret services. Such a huge conglomerate as Russia should be more subordinated to the development strategy of all mankind and be responsible for its ill-considered decisions.
4. Risk of the disappearance of the Russian language and culture. Orthodox Christianity as a religion will remain. Because it contributed to the existence of the former occupation of Genghis, but in fact ancient China to reorient ancient Russia to the east.
5. The transformation of the Russians into factory slaves and the return of feudalism in the villages and hamlets. Camps worse than ever existed.
6. Prospective possibility of using Baikal by the Chinese as an inexhaustible energy resource. Water of such quality would be worth its weight in gold.
7. China’s takeover of the entire eastern Trans-Urals will become an inevitable reality, and NATO will occupy the rest. Russia will disappear.


Would you agree that all of this is not an acceptable suicide doctrine?!
What prompts the Kremlin rulers to push the vast country down this path?
The same games of domination!!! The Anglo-Saxons do not allow Russia as an equal partner in their market! All of Russia’s financial manipulation has ended in a fiasco with huge losses of capital. Meanwhile, the mistrust in the position of Putin’s regime was growing. Year by year, it grew wider and wider, culminating in the total rejection of all shades of Russian positionality and its contents.
Instead of a balanced analysis and further development of the economy, the upper echelons of power have resorted to the old tried-and-true method of ISOLATION.
– Take your toys and get out of my sandbox!
The economy has gone to rack and ruin! No one to play with! Development has stopped! Comparable to the venous system with decreasing blood production. The last thing the ruling class decides to do is war! And not an open war, but a guerrilla war on the territory of other states. We began with Georgia and Ukraine, and we are waiting for the continuation in other post-Soviet countries. The presence in them of “PUTINOIDS” of special people financed through the network of agents of the former Gboshev’s webs. There are a lot of them in Europe now. I would not be surprised if European countries start purging the Putinoids, which in principle would also be
reactionary way too. And the brown Nazis won’t be slow to break through to power.
Is that what all aspirations are aimed at?
– Mr. Putin, don’t you think you’re overreacting?

add comments
In our “far away” not everything is so beautiful, I dare you, Vyacheslav, I assure you!
And here, to humility your brethren are more prone!!! Do you like it???
Only it will be the observation of the observer)))) as in that joke!

Stan Berg 07.10.2014 18:03 Report Violation
The argument is useless. With you. You, like so many in the West, keep separating …. like Putin from the peoples of Russia. You very much want to believe that someone runs the peoples of Russia … like a shepherd with a flock. That’s the main mistake. It causes all the confusion among people from “beautiful far away”. For example, the same Putin does what is expected and expected of him. That is why he has such a rating and why people voted for him in the elections. But you are denying the people of Russia the right to have the kind of leader they want. Until you understand that, you won’t understand anything about modern Russia. Alas, but that’s the way it is.

Vyacheslav Semyonov 08.10.2014 06:24 Report Violation
I had no intention to argue with you! The essay I have set forth in these brief lines is not for polemics, but for information for reflection.

Stan Berg 09.10.2014 00:56 Report for violation
And there is some polemics. Not bad, in my opinion.

Vyacheslav Semyonov 09.10.2014 04:44 Statement of violation

The daily audience of Proza.ru portal – about 100 thousand visitors who in total view more than half a million pages according to the counter of attendance, which is located on the right side of this text. In each column there are two figures: the number of views and the number of visitors.


2003: Chinese Spy In Krasnoyarsk the fate of another FSB attempt to imprison physicist Danilov is being decided

October 6, 2003


Everyone knows the main military secret of Russia. The secret is that we are ten years behind America. But we are ten years ahead of China. This is the reason why Valentin Danilov, a Krasnoyarsk physicist, has suffered another accusation of espionage.

Back in 1999, Danilov on behalf of the Krasnoyarsk Technical University signed a contract with the All-China Import-Export Precision Engineering Company to develop a test bench. This test bench was to simulate the process of the impact of solar radiation on the electronic stuffing of a space satellite.

The point is that under the influence of the sun’s rays, the satellite’s cladding becomes electrified, the electronics fail and the satellite loses control. The problem of protecting satellites from such radiation worried the space industry in Russia and in the West 15 years ago. Danilov was the man under whose guidance this problem was solved in our country. Moreover, it was solved so long ago that even the secrecy was lifted from these designs back in 1992.

Therefore it seemed to Krasnoyarsk scientists that nothing would prevent them from entering into a contract with the Chinese and earning almost 300 thousand dollars for themselves and the university. At first everything went well. However, when the customers came to pick up the stand many months later, Danilov was unexpectedly arrested and the product was confiscated. For some reason, the Chinese citizens were quietly released home. This happened on February 16, 2001.

Apparently, Danilov was not ready to become a character in a spy novel. At least, he suffered 16 hypertensive crises in the pretrial detention center. The scientific community was not prepared for such a turn of events. After the arrest of the physicist 20 scientists from Krasnoyarsk spoke in his defense claiming that there was no secret information in the contract. Moreover, the materials provided to the Chinese had already been used to hold an open international conference.

The UFSB officers at the same time were sure that they were right. Nevertheless, in September 2002, the court changed the preventive measure for Danilov and released him from custody, and in December sent the case back for additional investigation due to imperfections in the indictment. In July 2003 the investigation found one more proof of Danilov’s guilt: the thesis, which his student defended on a topic related to the contract, was classified as “secret” back in 1997. This is how the investigation is trying to refute the main claim of the defense that all materials were declassified back in 1992.

The trial over the physicist began on September 1. On September 3, the defense filed a motion to transfer the case to the jury. Apparently, such a request was caused by the attorney’s hope for a more independent decision in the case. The motion was granted, and on October 3, the prosecutor read the indictment. Danilov is charged under article 275 of the Criminal Code of Russia (“Treason in the form of espionage”). In addition Krasnoyarsk Technical University sued Danilov for embezzlement of 499 thousand rubles. According to KTU this amount was a contract deposit intended for the purchase of equipment and was misappropriated by the scientist.

It is not yet clear what verdict the jury will hand down. One thing is certain: after Danilov was arrested, scientists became much more cautious about signing contracts with foreign customers. The notion of ‘secrecy’ is very vague and gives the FSB the opportunity to interpret many actions as high treason.

Especially since spy cases have clearly become fashionable over the past five years. Here are just some of the traitors and spies uncovered by the FSB.

Alexander Zaporozhsky, a former employee of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service, was found guilty of state treason in the form of issuing state secrets in June 2003. According to the investigative directorate of the FSB, he had been passing secret information on the activities of Russian intelligence agencies and their personnel for five years to US intelligence representatives. He received 18 years in prison.

Victor Kalyadin – general director of the Moscow ZAO Eleselectron was found guilty on August 1, 2003 for telling the US representative the technical description of the active protection system of the Arena tank, which was considered the state secret. He got 14 years.

Valentin Moiseyev, 56, former employee of the 1st department of Asian countries of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation was sentenced for 4.5 years for transfer of secret information to Korea. According to the indictment, he gave a representative of South Korean intelligence 23 copies of documents concerning cooperation between Russia and North Korea, including in the military sphere. He was convicted on August 14, 2001 and released early in January 2003.

Platon Obukhov, a former diplomat, was arrested by special services in April 1996 on suspicion of spying for the British intelligence service MI6. In 2000, he was sentenced to 11 years in prison. He was later found insane and sent for mandatory treatment.

Grigory Pasko – On December 25, 2001, a court in the Pacific Fleet (TOF) found him guilty of spying for Japan and sentenced him to four years in prison to be served in a strict regime colony. Pasko was accused of illegally gathering, storing and attempting to transfer secret information to a foreign citizen. He was released early on January 23, 2003.

Oleg Sabaev was neutralized on December 19, 200 while trying to pass secret information to the US and to recruit officers of one of the units of the Strategic Rocket Forces.

Vladimir Soyfer, an ecologist and doctor of sciences, suffered a “document seizure” by FSB officers on July 3, 1999. Documents from the laboratory of the Pacific Oceanological Institute were deemed “threatening state security. In this case, the FSB made the curious mistake of amnestying Soyfer even before he was found guilty. He challenged the FSS decision in court and won the case.

Igor Sutyagin, head of the Military Technical and Military-Economic Policy Department of the US and Canada Institute, is accused of collecting and transferring abroad information in the field of development of new generation nuclear submarines. The hearing was scheduled for Sept. 17, but was postponed due to a change of prosecutor.

John Tobbin, an American citizen, was detained and sentenced in Voronezh on June 7, 2001 for possession of 25 grams of marijuana. However, many believed that the real reason for Tobbin’s arrest was suspicion of espionage. On February 27, 2001, the Voronezh Oblast FSB stated that “in Russia, there was country and linguistic training for this American before he received his main assignment.” The FSB later dropped its claim.

Edmond Pope, a 54-year-old American businessman, was sentenced on December 2, 2000, to 20 years in prison for attempting to obtain classified information about the Russian torpedo Shkval. He was pardoned by Putin on December 14, 2000, after numerous requests from the public, including the U.S. president. His Russian accomplice, professor of MGTU Anatoly Babkin, was given a suspended sentence on February 19, 2003.

It is frightening to think how many spies still lurk somewhere in Russia. The only comforting thing is that the FSB is not sleeping either.

From the editorial board: If you are a spy or a traitor – remember: a person who committed a crime under the articles of the Criminal Code “treason” and “espionage” is exempt from criminal liability, if he voluntarily and timely report to the authorities or otherwise contributed to the prevention of further damage to the interests of the RF and if his actions do not contain other offenses. Call now: +7-095-914-22-22.

Elena Liubarskaya


2011: Chinese spy interested in Russian arms

05.10.11, 16:15 Source: RIA Novosti

The Russian special services detained a spy from China who tried to collect data on the S-300 air defense system. This was reported by the Center of Public Relations of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation. Tong Shengyun, a citizen of China, was detained as early as October 28, 2010, but information about the incident has appeared only now.

The investigation revealed that the Chinese citizen was working under cover as an interpreter for official delegations at the assignment of the MGB of China. He attempted to obtain from Russian citizens for remuneration technological and repair documentation for the S-300 surface-to-air missile system, which contained state secrets.

On October 4 the criminal case with the indictment approved by the General Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation was sent to Moscow City Court for consideration on the merits. A citizen of the PRC is accused of attempted espionage.


2011: Chinese spy caught on S-300


Published on October 5. ’11 Text: /Infox.ru

Russian special services have detained a spy from China who was trying to collect data on the S-300 complex, the Russian Federal Security Service’s Public Relations Center said on Wednesday.

Chinese citizen Tong Shengyun was detained on October 28, 2010, but it is reported only now. “In the course of the investigation it was established that the Chinese citizen, on the instructions of the Chinese MGB under the cover of the position of interpreter of official delegations, made attempts to obtain from Russian citizens for a monetary reward technological and repair documentation on the S-300 surface-to-air missile complex containing state secrets,” the report said.

On October 4 the criminal case with the indictment approved by the Prosecutor General’s Office of Russia was sent to the Moscow City Court for consideration on the merits, according to the press release. The FSB specifies that the Chinese citizen is accused of attempted espionage (part 3 of Article 30 and Article 276 of the Russian Criminal Code).

Even before the detention of the alleged spy, namely in April 2010, it was reported that Russia fulfilled the largest contract for the delivery of 15 S-300 divisions to Beijing. The PRC began an active purchase of air defense and missile defense systems in the context of U.S. intentions to surround the country with missile defense bases.

The S-300 is a medium-range surface-to-air missile system. Serial production of the system (S-300PT) began in 1975. The tests were completed in 1978 and in 1979 the first S-300 regiment was put on combat duty. The system is designed to protect large industrial and administrative facilities, military bases and control centers from strikes by enemy air and space attacks. It is capable of engaging ballistic and aerodynamic targets and strikes against ground targets with known coordinates. S-300 was the first multi-channel antiaircraft missile system capable of tracking up to 6 targets with each complex and directing up to 12 missiles at them. The main developer is NPO Almaz.

China arms itself with Russian developments
In June 2011, Rosoboronexport signed a contract with the Chinese Defense Ministry to supply aircraft engines for Chinese fighters of the fourth generation worth over $500 million. Just a few days before that Rosoboronexport accused Ukraine of selling Russian military technology to China. At the time, company spokesman Oleg Azizov said that Ukraine had signed a contract for China to buy four Zubr, bypassing Rosoboronexport and the Almaz Central Design Bureau, which is the rights holder for the development of this ship.

In 2009, it became known that the Chinese Navy intended to purchase four Project 1232.2 Zubr hovercrafts. The contract was estimated at $315m. It was supposed that two ships would be built by the Feodosiya-based shipbuilding company Mare, and two more ships would be built in China in cooperation with Ukrainian specialists.

Back in 2007, Beijing became interested in this type of warships. Then negotiations between China and Russia on the delivery of up to 10 Zubr SSBNs ended in failure. Later, in 2008, Beijing began talks with Ukraine on their purchase. It was noted that the joint production of the two ships at Chinese facilities was very important for the buyer, as it would allow China to continue building them in the necessary quantities in the future and strengthen the country’s navy.

About 高大伟 David Cowhig

After retirement translated, with wife Jessie, Liao Yiwu's 2019 "Bullets and Opium", and have been studying things 格物致知. Worked 25 years as a US State Department Foreign Service Officer including ten years at US Embassy Beijing and US Consulate General Chengdu and four years as a China Analyst in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research. Before State I translated Japanese and Chinese scientific and technical books and articles into English freelance for six years. Before that I taught English at Tunghai University in Taiwan for three years. And before that I worked two summers on Norwegian farms, milking cows and feeding chickens.
This entry was posted in Military 军事, National Security 安全, Russia, Science, Technology and Academic 科技学术 and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.