PRC FM Wang Yi Announces Some Loan Forgiveness at China-Africa Cooperation Forum

8/26 update: The Economist August 24 issue discussed the difficulty some developing counries will have in repaying some of China’s loans to them and suggested that some debt forgiveness will be necessary in the article entitled “Faced with an overseas debt crisis, will China change its ways?


In Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s statement at the China-Africa Cooperation Forum:

China will forgive 23 interest-free loan debts of 17 African countries due to China by the end of 2021. 

China is not a member of the Paris Club of aid-to-Africa providing countries that considers changes and forgiveness on loans that have become unsustainable. Terms of Chinese loans to African countries are sometimes not published and become controversial. I remember that was true in Malawi where I worked at the U.S. Embassy ten years ago. Not being part of a multilaterial club of creditor nations, China naturally announces this kind of decision by itself. This announcement could be an escape hatch to put past controversies behind.

The Paris Club (FrenchClub de Paris) is a group of officials from major creditor countries whose role is to find co-ordinated and sustainable solutions to the payment difficulties experienced by debtor countries. As debtor countries undertake reforms to stabilize and restore their macroeconomic and financial situation, Paris Club creditors provide an appropriate debt treatment.

Paris Club creditors provide debt treatments to debtor countries in the form of rescheduling, which is debt relief by postponement or, in the case of concessional rescheduling, reduction in debt service obligations during a defined period (flow treatment) or as of a set date (stock treatment).[1]

Wikipedia article on the Paris Club

I added bolding to some parts of the text that seem more interesting. Perhaps there can be some virtuous competition between China and some other countries that provide aid and assistance to China.

When pundits look at the future, they sometimes relie on simple extrapolations. Will China keep growing forever? Perhaps that is what makes people fear China overmuch. China has very great problems of its own political, economic and demographic. U.S. foreign policy should look at the entire world and not focus overmuch on China as seems to be the tendency these days. Letting US – China relations dominate US foreign policy would be reactive and a bit adolescent.

The lodestar for a better approach must be the world that the United States seeks: what it wants, rather than what it fears. Whether sanctions or tariffs or military moves, policies should be judged on the basis of whether they further progress toward that world rather than whether they undermine some Chinese interest or provide some advantage over Beijing. They should represent U.S. power at its best rather than mirroring the behavior it aims to avert. And rather than looking back nostalgically at its past preeminence, Washington must commit, with actions as well as words, to a positive-sum vision of a reformed international system that includes China and meets the existential need to tackle shared challenges.

From Jessica Weiss, “The China Trap
U.S. Foreign Policy and the Perilous Logic of Zero-Sum Competition”
in Foreign Affairs, September/October 2022

Jessica Weiss’ article reminds me of President Kennedy’s speech at American University.

I suspect that decades from now future Africa will have a much greater weight in the world than it has today.


Promoting China-Africa friendship and strengthening solidarity and cooperation to build a new era of common development between China and Africa

— Address by State Councilor Wang Yi at the Coordinators’ Meeting on the Implementation of the Outcome of the Eighth Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation

2022-08-19 00:29

(August 18, 2022, 20:00)

Dear Ms. Aissata, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Senegal.

Distinguished representatives of the various sub-regional member states of the AU Executive Board and of the successive African Co-Chairs of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation.

Distinguished African Ambassadors to China.

Welcome to the meeting of the coordinators for the implementation of the outcomes of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. It is a great pleasure to meet online with our brothers and sisters from Africa.

In November last year, with the joint efforts of China and Africa, the 8th Ministerial Conference of the Forum was successfully held in Dakar, Senegal. The meeting adopted four outcome documents, including the Dakar Declaration, and President Xi Jinping announced the launch of the “Nine Projects” of China’s cooperation with Africa. The conference was very friendly and practical, and was of great significance in promoting the traditional friendship between China and Africa, consolidating China-Africa solidarity and cooperation, and promoting the building of a China-Africa community of destiny in the new era.

More than half a year after the conference, we are glad to see that although the international situation is changing, global challenges are emerging, and some external disturbances are showing up from time to time, China and Africa have maintained their determination, united in good faith and focused on cooperation, and made good progress in implementing the conference outcomes, bringing real benefits to the African people.

— We jointly safeguard international fairness and justice. In the face of the various forms of power and bullying in the world today, China and Africa stand shoulder to shoulder. We appreciate that African countries firmly adhere to the one-China principle and firmly support China in safeguarding the sovereignty, security and territorial integrity of the country. China has also done justice for our African brothers and sisters at the United Nations and other multilateral occasions, and opposed any unjustified interference and unilateral sanctions against Africa. China-Africa solidarity and cooperation have become the backbone of safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of developing countries, the backbone of upholding the purposes of the UN Charter, and the backbone of upholding multilateralism and international fairness and justice.

— We jointly focus on development cooperation. Since the Dakar Conference, a large number of major projects have been completed, such as the Fangjiuni Bridge in Senegal, the Kenya Airport Expressway, the Kribi-Lolabe Expressway in Cameroon, and the “Ramadan 10-day City” suburban railroad in Egypt, which have effectively contributed to the industrialization of Africa. The process of industrialization in Africa has been greatly facilitated. The commitments made by China at the Dakar Conference are being steadily implemented in spite of the difficulties and disturbances. The $10 billion credit line provided by China to African financial institutions has been implemented to the tune of $3 billion, and nearly $2.5 billion has been lent to key projects in Africa. We are ready to transfer $10 billion in SDRs to Africa through two International Monetary Fund (IMF) trust channels and push the IMF to target Chinese funds in Africa’s direction.

— We are working together to address the global food crisis. So far this year, China has signed an exchange of letters with 12 African countries on 98% of products exported to China with zero tariffs. China has provided emergency food aid to Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea and other countries. A new batch of agricultural products with African characteristics entered the Chinese market through the “green channel”. The first four “China-Africa Joint Centers for Modern Agricultural Technology Exchange, Demonstration and Training” were inaugurated. Chinese enterprises increased investment in African agriculture, expanded food cultivation, and helped African farmers create jobs and get rid of poverty through the “100 Enterprises and 1,000 Villages” initiative.

— We are working together to build a solid barrier against epidemics. China has provided 189 million doses of the Covid vaccine to 27 African countries, and the annual production capacity of localized cooperative production in Africa has reached about 400 million doses. The headquarters building of the African Center for Disease Control and Prevention has been structurally roofed and will be completed early next year. The upgrade project of Chinese Guinea Friendship Hospital has been completed, and counterpart hospitals in South Sudan, Central Africa, Chad and Malawi have completed their projects. China has sent 332 new medical team members, and nearly 1,000 medical team members in Africa have provided 250,000 outpatient services, performed more than 30,000 surgeries, rescued more than 4,500 critical patients, and trained 3,600 local medical personnel. African students from China have returned to school one after another, and 14 Chinese vocational colleges and universities have formed partnerships with 13 African colleges and universities.

–We are jointly committed to resilient and sustainable development. The two sides have expanded cooperation in solar energy, wind energy and other clean energy, and key projects such as the Lower Kefu Gorge Hydropower Station in Zambia have been put into operation one after another. The two sides have successfully organized workshops on the construction of the Great Green Wall of Africa, implemented South-South cooperation projects to address climate change in Botswana and Burkina Faso, carried out the construction of low-carbon demonstration zones in Seychelles, and supported Madagascar and Mozambique in coping with hurricane disasters and enhancing disaster prevention and mitigation capabilities.

–We will work together to promote regional peace and stability. China has put forward the “Concept of Peaceful Development in the Horn of Africa”, appointed a special envoy for the Horn of Africa, and supported regional countries in organizing peace conferences in the Horn of Africa. The second China-Africa Peace and Security Forum and the seminar on the security situation in the Gulf of Guinea were successfully held. China continues to provide non-reimbursable military aid to countries in the Sahel, the Horn of Africa, the Gulf of Guinea and other regions, and to provide police supplies to countries in Central Africa and Namibia, supporting regional countries to enhance their capacity to maintain stability and promote peace.

Colleagues and friends, China-Africa cooperation has been hard-won and the prospects are promising. If China-Africa cooperation is done well, there will be more new momentum for global development, more positive energy for world stability, and more new hope for all peoples. We firmly believe that China-Africa friendship can withstand tests and storms, and will continue to be the backbone of South-South cooperation and a model of international relations.

Later this year, the Communist Party of China will convene its 20th National Congress to start a new journey of building a comprehensive socialist modern state. This year is also the 20th anniversary of the AU, and Africa will have a new opportunity for development. Standing at the new historical starting point, China and Africa should unite more closely to accelerate the path of common development and common revitalization, and truly build a community of destiny between China and Africa in the new era. I would like to take this opportunity to make five suggestions.

First, we should adhere to truthfulness and sincerity and strengthen solidarity. China will continue to implement President Xi Jinping’s concept of truthfulness and sincerity and the correct concept of righteousness and benefit, work with Africa as a partner of mutual respect, equal treatment and sincere cooperation, firmly support African countries to follow their own path, and firmly support African countries to unite and strengthen themselves. China supports the African Union joining the G20, supports Uganda in organizing a new high-level meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement, and is ready to work with the African side to promote the five principles of peaceful coexistence, practice genuine multilateralism, and jointly safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of developing countries.

Secondly, we will be down-to-earth and strive for common development. China will continue to take the needs of the African side as the starting point for cooperation with Africa, work with the African side to implement the “nine projects” and continue to promote the “Belt and Road” cooperation with high quality. China will forgive 23 interest-free loan debts of 17 African countries due to China by the end of 2021. We welcome and support the decision of Tanzania and Zambia to reactivate the Tanzanian Railway. China will continue to actively participate in Africa’s major infrastructure construction through financing, investment and assistance, while continuing to expand imports from Africa, support the development and growth of Africa’s agriculture and manufacturing industries, and expand cooperation in the digital economy, health, green and low-carbon industries. Not long ago, President Xi Jinping, focusing on the common demands of developing countries, proposed a global development initiative and announced the integration and upgrading of the South-South Cooperation Assistance Fund into the Global Fund for Development and South-South Cooperation, with additional funding for this purpose. China has launched the construction of a global development project bank and welcomes applications from African countries.

To address the food shortage in Africa, the Chinese government has decided to provide a new batch of food aid to 17 African countries in need this year, and encourage more enterprises to invest in agricultural production and processing in Africa to help Africa achieve food self-sufficiency.

Thirdly, we will insist on independence and promote regional peace together. China will continue to support African solutions to African problems, oppose interference in the internal affairs of African countries by external forces, and oppose the creation of confrontation and conflict in Africa. China is willing to speed up the implementation of military assistance to the AU and regional countries, enhance the capacity of Africa to combat terrorism and maintain stability, and help Africa realize the “silencing of the guns” initiative at an early date. China is willing to work with Africa to implement global security initiatives, increase investment in the China-UN Peace and Development Fund, and optimize the UN’s actions to maintain stability and promote peace in Africa.

Fourth, we will persist in passing on friendship and promoting people-to-people contacts. China will overcome the difficulties caused by the epidemic, actively promote the resumption of classes for African students in China, return as many as possible, resume offline short-term training in China in an orderly manner, and continue to increase commercial flights between China and Africa to facilitate the flow of people and business between China and Africa. China is actively preparing for the China-Africa Youth Entrepreneurship Competition, supporting the strengthening of exchanges and cooperation between think tanks, media, civil society organizations and young women on both sides, and constantly drawing closer the friendly feelings of the Chinese and African people.

Fifthly, we will insist on openness and win-win cooperation and promote the healthy development of international cooperation with Africa. China welcomes the international community’s continued interest in and support for Africa, and we are willing to carry out tripartite or multi-party cooperation in Africa with the consent of our African brothers. What Africa needs is a calm and friendly cooperation environment, not a cold war mindset of you lose and I win. What Africa welcomes is mutually beneficial cooperation for the benefit of the people, not the geopolitical rivalry of the great power game. After more than 20 years of development, the China-Africa Cooperation Forum has played a positive role in leading international cooperation with Africa in the right direction. Under the new situation, China is willing to work with our African friends to continue to promote the Forum mechanism and jointly polish this golden sign. We will actively consider institutionalizing the meeting of coordinators for the implementation of the outcomes of the Forum, and promote more resources for Africa, so that FOCAC will continue to be the flagship and benchmark of cooperation with Africa.

Thank you all!


Joint Statement of the Coordinators’ Meeting on the Implementation of the Outcome of the Eighth Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation

2022-08-18 23:59

On August 18, 2022, the Coordinators’ Meeting on the Implementation of the Outcomes of the Eighth Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) was successfully concluded. The meeting unanimously adopted the Joint Statement, which reads as follows.

In order to jointly promote the implementation of the outcomes of the 8th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, Wang Yi, State Councillor and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Aissata Tall-Sale, Minister of Foreign Affairs and People Abroad of the Republic of Senegal, Téte António, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Angola, Paluku Kahungiya Julian, Minister of Industry of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Samiha Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Arab Republic of Egypt The meeting was held by video-link on August 18, 2022, with the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Demeke Mekonnen, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the Government of National Unity of Libya, Omar Keti, Deputy Minister of International Relations and Cooperation of the Republic of South Africa, Candice Masigho Dlamini, and Vice Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Monique Nsanzabaganwa.

The two sides highly appreciated the outcome of the 8th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) held in Dakar, Senegal, from November 29 to 30, 2021. The two sides appreciated the “nine projects” of cooperation between China and Africa announced by President Xi Jinping at the opening ceremony of the Forum. The two sides appreciated the roadmap for strengthening China-Africa relations in the spirit of friendship, solidarity, trust and respect proposed by President Macky Sall of Senegal, co-chair of the African side of the Forum. The two sides recalled the Dakar Declaration, the Vision 2035 of China-Africa Cooperation, the Declaration on China-Africa Cooperation in Addressing Climate Change and the Dakar Plan of Action (2022-2024) adopted at the meeting, and reaffirmed that they would work together to implement the outcomes of the meeting, promote new and greater achievements in China-Africa cooperation, and promote the building of a new era of China-Africa community of destiny. China and Africa reached the following consensus at this meeting.

First, we appreciate the initiative of China and Senegal, co-chairs of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, in organizing this Coordinators’ Meeting, and are pleased to see that since the conclusion of the 8th Ministerial Conference of the Forum, the two sides have reached a large number of important cooperation results and achieved important early harvest. The two sides will continue to push forward the implementation of the “nine projects” and the follow-up actions of the Dakar Plan of Action (2022-2024) in an orderly and efficient manner, so as to promote China-Africa cooperation to enhance its quality and efficiency and benefit more the Chinese and African people.

China warmly congratulates the AU on its 20th anniversary and highly appreciates the important achievements made by the AU over the past 20 years in leading African countries on the road to unity and self-improvement, development and revitalization. The two sides will take the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the AU and the 20th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the AU as an opportunity to continue to strengthen the dovetailing with the AU’s Agenda 2063 flagship projects and related frameworks while carrying out bilateral cooperation, so as to promote China’s comprehensive strategic partnership with the AU and China-Africa to a new level.

3. Reaffirm our firm commitment to uphold the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, the international system with the UN at its core and the international order based on international law, including the primary task of maintaining international peace and security undertaken by the Security Council. We also oppose unilateralism and power politics, racial discrimination, and confrontation between groups and divisions.

Reiterates its firm support for each other in safeguarding national territorial integrity, sovereignty, security and development interests, that there is only one China in the world, that Taiwan is an inseparable part of Chinese territory, and that the Government of the People’s Republic of China is the sole legitimate government representing all of China. The African side reaffirmed its commitment to the one-China principle, its support for China’s reunification and its efforts to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity.

China supports the adoption of the Resolution on the Impact of Sanctions and Unilateral Coercive Measures on AU Member States at the 35th AU Summit, strongly condemns any country that exerts political and economic pressure on other countries through unilateral coercive measures, and urges the lifting of these initiatives that violate the purposes and principles of the UN Charter.

Fourth, considering that the continued spread of the COVID-19 epidemic poses a serious challenge to global economic recovery as well as to the implementation of the outcomes of the Forum, the African side expressed its appreciation to China for its active and efficient provision of vaccines to African countries and the AU Commission since the outbreak of the epidemic, which has provided important support to the African side in enhancing its capacity to combat the epidemic. The two sides reaffirmed their support for the exemption of intellectual property rights of vaccines, and will continue to carry out joint production of vaccines and other anti-epidemic cooperation, complete the project of building the headquarters of the African CDC as soon as possible, and further strengthen cooperation in infectious disease prevention and control. The African side understands and supports China’s “dynamic zero” epidemic prevention policy.

Fifth, noting that the world is facing increasing security challenges, China reiterated its condemnation of any form of terrorism and violent extremism. China supports the implementation of the “Silencing the Guns Initiative”, congratulates the successful holding of the AU Special Summit in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, on May 28, 2022, supports Africans in solving African problems in an African manner, and upholds the indivisibility of national security in Africa, and reaffirms the principle of non-interference in internal affairs. China called on the international community to provide financial and technical support to African-led counter-terrorism operations under the African Peace and Security Architecture mechanism.

The African side welcomed and supported President Xi Jinping’s Global Security Initiative, which it believes points out ways and paths for the global response to security, development and governance challenges. The two sides appreciated President Macky Sall’s initiatives during his term as AU Chairperson-in-Office on issues such as African economic revitalization, SDR redistribution, food, health and medical sovereignty, energy transition and global governance reform. The African side appreciated the Chinese side’s “Horn of Africa Peace Development Concept” and welcomed the convening of the first Horn of Africa Peace Conference.

We reiterate that we will continue to promote the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation mechanism, play the role of the Follow-up Committee of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, welcome the establishment of a sound follow-up mechanism, actively promote the “nine projects”, develop a pool of country-specific projects for implementation, strengthen the follow-up and evaluation of the Forum, and ensure efficient, pragmatic and smooth implementation of the Forum outcomes. The two sides will adhere to the principle of solidarity in the fight against the epidemic, and deepen the cooperation between the two sides.

The two sides will adhere to the principles of solidarity, deepen pragmatic cooperation, promote green development and safeguard fairness and justice, and promote the dovetailing of China-Africa high-quality cooperation in building the “Belt and Road” and global development initiatives with the AU Agenda 2063 and the development strategies of African countries, so as to promote the continuous quality and upgrading of China-Africa cooperation.

The two sides will further strengthen coordination and cooperation and continuously expand cooperation areas. On the basis of continuing to strengthen traditional areas such as infrastructure, investment and financing, agriculture, manufacturing and communications, deepen cooperation in new areas such as energy, digital economy, health, maritime economy, vocational education, women and youth development, and encourage Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) and government-social capital cooperation (PPP) to help Africa industrialize and upgrade its position in the supply chain of the global industrial chain. China China supports helping Africa achieve food self-sufficiency through financing and private enterprise cooperation, promoting technology transfer, and supporting Africa’s economic development, employment promotion and poverty reduction. The two sides support gas-to-electricity projects to obtain investment and financing. China is willing to actively support the construction of African free trade zones, share the experience in the construction of free trade zones, increase African exports to China through “green channels” for agricultural products, tariff preferences for the least developed countries, and live Internet streaming of goods, etc., and continuously improve the scale and facilitation of China-Africa trade. The two sides are willing to pay attention to the special characteristics and vulnerabilities of small island countries in the implementation of the results of the forum.

China firmly supports Africa’s in-depth participation in the Group of Twenty (G20), BRICS and other platforms to further play a greater role in global governance and international affairs.

Seven, support all parties concerned to resolve the crisis in Ukraine through peaceful negotiations, call on the international community not to reduce its support and investment in Africa because of the Ukraine issue, actively help African countries deal with global issues such as food security, climate change and energy crisis, urge the international community to pay attention to Africa’s concerns in expanding development financing and promoting economic recovery, accelerate the process of transferring special drawing rights, and help Africa achieve autonomous The African side welcomes China’s support for China’s efforts to promote sustainable development.

The African side expressed its gratitude to China for its efforts in organizing the successful coordinator meeting.


弘扬中非友好 加强团结合作 打造中非共同发展的新时代
——王毅国务委员在中非合作论坛第八届部长级会议成果落实协调人会议上的致辞

2022-08-19 00:29

(2022年8月18日20:00)

尊敬的塞内加尔外长艾莎塔女士,
尊敬的非盟执行局各个次区域成员国代表和历届中非合作论坛非方共同主席国代表,
尊敬的各位非洲驻华使节,

欢迎大家出席中非合作论坛成果落实协调人会议。非常高兴同非洲的兄弟姐妹们线上相聚。

去年11月,在中非双方共同努力下,论坛第八届部长级会议在塞内加尔首都达喀尔成功举办。会议通过了《达喀尔宣言》等四项成果文件,习近平主席宣布启动中国对非合作“九项工程”。这次会议十分友好、务实,对弘扬中非传统友谊,巩固中非团结合作,推动构建新时代中非命运共同体具有重要意义。

会议结束半年多来,我们高兴地看到,虽然国际形势风云变幻,全球挑战层出不穷,一些外部干扰时有显现,但中非双方保持定力,精诚团结,聚焦合作,会议成果落实进度良好,为非洲人民带来实实在在的福祉。

——我们共同捍卫国际公平正义。面对当今世界形形色色的强权霸凌,中非双方肩并肩站在一起。我们赞赏非洲各国坚定奉行一个中国原则,坚定支持中国维护国家的主权、安全和领土完整。中国也在联合国等多边场合为非洲兄弟姐妹主持公道,伸张正义,反对任何对非洲的无理干涉和单边制裁。中非团结协作,已经成为维护发展中国家正当权益的中坚力量,成为维护联合国宪章宗旨的中坚力量,成为维护多边主义和国际公平正义的中坚力量。

——我们共同聚焦发展合作。中非双方继续推进基础设施建设合作,达喀尔会议以来,又建成了塞内加尔方久尼大桥、肯尼亚机场快速路、喀麦隆克里比—罗拉贝高速公路、埃及“斋月十日城”市郊铁路等一大批重大项目,有力助推非洲工业化进程。中方在达喀尔会议上做出的承诺都在克服困难干扰,稳步落实当中。中方向非洲金融机构提供100亿美元授信额度已落实超过30亿美元,向非洲重点项目贷款近25亿美元;中方向非洲提供100亿美元贸易融资额度已安排超过20亿美元,7个月内自非洲进口商品总额达706亿美元,中国企业对非投资21.7亿美元。我们已准备好通过国际货币基金组织(IMF)的两个信托渠道向非洲转借100亿美元特别提款权,并推动IMF将中方资金定向用于非洲方向。

——我们共同应对全球粮食危机。今年以来,中方已同非洲12国就98%输华产品零关税签署换文。中方向吉布提、埃塞俄比亚、索马里和厄立特里亚等国提供紧急粮食援助。新一批非洲特色农产品通过“绿色通道”进入中国市场。首批4个“中非现代农业技术交流示范和培训联合中心”挂牌成立。中国企业增加对非农业投资,扩大粮食种植,并通过“百企千村”行动,助力非洲农户创造就业、脱贫致富。

——我们共同打造抗疫牢固屏障。中方已向非洲27国提供1.89亿剂新冠疫苗,在非洲本地化合作生产年产能达到约4亿剂。非洲疾控中心总部大楼已结构封顶,将于明年初竣工。中国几内亚友好医院升级项目已完成,南苏丹、中非、乍得、马拉维等对口医院已完成立项。中方新增派遣医疗队员332人次,在非洲近千名医疗队员提供门诊服务25万人次,开展手术3万余台,抢救危重症患者4500余人次,培训当地医务人员3600人次。非洲来华留学生已陆续返校,中国14所职业院校与非洲13所高校结成合作伙伴。

——我们共同致力坚韧可持续发展。双方扩大太阳能、风能等清洁能源合作,赞比亚下凯富峡水电站等重点项目陆续投入运营。双方成功举办“非洲绿色长城”建设研修班,在博茨瓦纳、布基纳法索等国实施应对气候变化南南合作项目,在塞舌尔开展低碳示范区建设,支持马达加斯加、莫桑比克等国应对飓风灾害,增强防灾减灾能力。

——我们共同促进地区和平稳定。中方提出“非洲之角和平发展构想”,任命非洲之角事务特使,支持地区国家举办非洲之角和平会议。第二届中非和平安全论坛、几内亚湾安全形势研讨会成功举办。中方继续向萨赫勒、非洲之角、几内亚湾等地区国家提供无偿军援,向中非、纳米比亚等国援助警用物资,支持地区国家增强自主维稳促和能力。

各位同事、各位朋友,中非合作成果来之不易,前景令人期待。中非合作搞得好,全球发展就有更多的新动能,世界稳定就有更多的正能量,各国人民也就有更多的新希望。我们坚信,中非友好经得起考验,扛得住风浪,一定会继续成为南南合作的脊梁、国际关系的典范。

今年下半年,中国共产党将召开第二十次全国代表大会,开启全面建设社会主义现代化国家的新征程。今年也是非盟成立20周年,非洲将迎来新的发展契机。站在新的历史起点上,中非双方应当更紧密地团结起来,加快走共同发展、共同振兴之路,真正构建新时代中非命运共同体。我愿借此机会谈五点建议:

第一,坚持真实亲诚,加强团结互助。中方将继续践行习近平主席提出的真实亲诚理念和正确义利观,与非洲做相互尊重、平等相待、真诚合作的伙伴,坚定支持非洲国家走自己的路,坚定支持非洲各国联合自强。中方支持非盟加入二十国集团,支持乌干达办好新一届“不结盟运动”高级别会议,愿同非方一道,弘扬和平共处五项原则,践行真正的多边主义,共同捍卫发展中国家正当权益。

第二,坚持脚踏实地,致力共同发展。中国言出必行,愿继续将非方的需求作为对非合作出发点,同非方一道全力落实好“九项工程”,继续高质量推进“一带一路”合作。中方将免除非洲17国截至2021年年底对华到期无息贷款债务23笔。我们欢迎并支持坦桑尼亚和赞比亚重新激活坦赞铁路的决定。中方将继续通过融资、投资、援助等多种方式,积极参与非洲重大基础设施建设,同时持续扩大自非进口,支持非洲农业、制造业发展壮大,拓展数字经济、卫生健康、绿色低碳等新兴产业合作。不久前,习近平主席着眼广大发展中国家共同诉求,提出全球发展倡议,宣布将南南合作援助基金整合升级为“全球发展和南南合作基金”,并为此增资。中方已启动全球发展项目库建设,欢迎非洲国家提出项目申请,我们将适时发布《中非共享发展行动计划》。

为应对非洲粮食短缺问题,中国政府决定今年年内向17个有需要的非洲国家再提供一批新的粮食援助,同时鼓励更多企业投资非洲农业生产和加工,帮助非洲实现粮食自给自足。

第三,坚持独立自主,共促地区和平。中方将继续支持以非洲方式解决非洲问题,反对外部势力干涉非洲国家内政,反对在非洲制造对抗与冲突。中方愿加快落实对非盟和地区国家军援,增强非洲反恐维稳能力,助力非洲早日实现“消弭枪声”倡议。中方愿与非洲共同落实全球安全倡议,增加对中国—联合国和平发展基金投入,优化联合国在非洲的维稳促和行动。

第四,坚持传承友好,促进民心相通。中方将克服疫情带来的困难,积极推进非洲留学生来华复课,愿回尽回,有序恢复线下短期来华培训,持续增加中非之间商业航班,便利中非人员和商务往来。中方正积极筹备中非青年创业大赛,支持双方智库、媒体、民间组织和青年妇女等加强交流合作,不断拉近中非人民的友好感情。

第五,坚持开放共赢,推动国际对非合作健康发展。中方欢迎国际社会继续关心和支持非洲,我们也愿意在非洲兄弟同意前提下,在非洲开展三方或多方合作。非洲需要的是平和、友善的合作环境,不是你输我赢的冷战思维。非洲欢迎的是造福百姓的互利合作,不是地缘争夺的大国博弈。中非合作论坛走过了20多年发展历程,为引领国际对非合作正确方向发挥了积极作用。新形势下,中方愿同非洲朋友们一道,继续推进论坛机制建设,共同擦亮这一金字招牌。我们将积极考虑将论坛会议成果落实协调人会议机制化,推动更多资源向非洲倾斜,使中非合作论坛继续成为对非合作的旗帜和标杆。

谢谢大家!


中非合作论坛第八届部长级会议成果落实协调人会议联合声明

2022-08-18 23:59

2022年8月18日,中非合作论坛第八届部长级会议成果落实协调人会议圆满闭幕。会议一致通过了《联合声明》,内容如下:

为共同推动落实中非合作论坛第八届部长级会议成果,中华人民共和国国务委员兼外交部长王毅、塞内加尔共和国外交和海外侨民部长艾莎塔·塔勒·萨勒、安哥拉共和国外交部长泰特·安东尼奥、刚果民主共和国工业部长帕卢库·卡洪吉亚·朱利安、阿拉伯埃及共和国外交部长萨米哈·舒克里、埃塞俄比亚联邦民主共和国副总理兼外交部长德梅克·梅孔嫩、利比亚民族统一政府外交与国际合作部次长奥马尔·凯提、南非共和国国际关系与合作部副部长坎迪丝·马西戈-德拉米尼、非洲联盟委员会副主席莫妮克·恩桑扎巴甘瓦于2022年8月18日以视频连线方式举行会议。

中非双方高度评价2021年11月29日至30日在塞内加尔首都达喀尔举行的中非合作论坛第八届部长级会议成果,赞赏中华人民共和国主席习近平在会议开幕式上提出“中非友好合作精神”和构建新时代中非命运共同体,并宣布对非合作“九项工程”。双方赞赏论坛非方共同主席国塞内加尔总统马基·萨勒提出的秉持友好、团结、信任、尊重精神加强中非关系的路线图。双方忆及会议通过的《达喀尔宣言》、《中非合作2035年愿景》、《中非应对气候变化合作宣言》以及《达喀尔行动计划(2022-2024)》,重申双方将携手落实会议成果,促进中非合作不断取得新的、更大成就,推动构建新时代中非命运共同体。中非双方在本次会议上达成以下共识:

一、赞赏中非合作论坛共同主席国中国和塞内加尔倡议举办本次协调人会议,高兴地看到论坛第八届部长级会议结束以来,双方达成一大批重要合作成果,取得重要早期收获。双方将继续有序高效推进落实“九项工程”及《达喀尔行动计划(2022-2024)》各项后续行动,促进中非合作不断提质增效,更多惠及中非人民。

二、中方热烈祝贺非盟成立20周年,高度评价20年来非盟引领非洲国家在联合自强、发展振兴的道路上不断取得重要成就,赞赏非盟协调非洲大陆应对新冠肺炎疫情、维护地区和平安全、捍卫发展中国家共同利益,展现了非洲团结的力量。双方将以非盟成立20周年暨中非盟建立外交关系20周年为契机,在开展双边合作的同时,继续同非盟《2063年议程》旗舰项目和有关框架加强对接,推动中国同非盟以及中非全面战略合作伙伴关系迈上新的台阶。

三、重申坚定维护联合国宪章宗旨和原则、以联合国为核心的国际体系和以国际法为基础的国际秩序,包括安理会承担的维护国际和平与安全的首要任务,践行真正的多边主义,推动国际关系民主化,坚持国家不分大小、强弱、贫富一律平等,反对单边主义和强权政治,反对种族歧视,反对搞集团对立和分裂对抗。

重申坚定支持彼此维护国家领土完整、主权、安全和发展利益,世界上只有一个中国,台湾是中国领土不可分割的一部分,中华人民共和国政府是代表全中国的唯一合法政府。非方重申奉行一个中国原则,支持中国统一大业,支持中方维护国家主权和领土完整所作努力。

中方支持第35届非盟峰会通过《关于制裁和单边强制措施对非盟成员国影响》的决议,强烈谴责任何国家通过单边强制措施向他国施加政治和经济压力,敦促解除这些违反联合国宪章宗旨和原则的举措。

四、认为新冠肺炎疫情持续蔓延对全球经济复苏以及论坛成果落实带来严峻挑战,非方感谢中方自疫情暴发以来积极、高效向非洲国家和非盟委员会提供疫苗,为非方增强抗疫能力提供重要支持。双方重申支持疫苗知识产权豁免,将继续开展疫苗联合生产等抗疫合作,尽快完成建设非洲疾控中心总部项目,进一步加强传染病防治合作。非方理解并支持中方“动态清零”防疫政策。

五、注意到世界正面临不断增多的安全挑战,重申谴责任何形式的恐怖主义和暴力极端主义。中方支持非方落实“消弭枪声倡议”,祝贺2022年5月28日在赤道几内亚首都马拉博成功举办非盟特别峰会,支持非洲人以非洲方式解决非洲问题,维护非洲国家安全不可分割性,双方重申坚持不干涉内政原则。中方呼吁国际社会根据非洲和平与安全架构机制向非洲主导的反恐行动提供资金和技术支持。

非方欢迎并支持习近平主席提出的全球安全倡议,认为该倡议为全球应对安全、发展、治理等挑战指出了方法和路径。双方赞赏马基·萨勒总统在担任非盟轮值主席期间对非洲经济振兴,特别提款权再分配,粮食、卫生和医药主权,能源过渡以及全球治理改革等议题提出多项倡议。非方赞赏中方提出“非洲之角和平发展构想”,欢迎召开首次非洲之角和平会议。

六、重申继续推进中非合作论坛机制建设,发挥中非合作论坛中方后续行动委员会作用,欢迎非方建立健全后续行动落实机制,共同积极推进“九项工程”,制定落实工作国别项目池,共同加强论坛后续行动落实与评估,确保论坛成果高效、务实、顺畅落实。

双方将坚持团结抗疫、深化务实合作、推进绿色发展、维护公平正义,促进中非高质量共建“一带一路”合作、全球发展倡议同非盟《2063年议程》、非洲各国发展战略紧密对接,推动中非合作不断提质升级。

双方将进一步加强协调配合,不断拓展合作领域。在继续做强基础设施、投融资、农业、制造业、通讯等传统领域的基础上,深化能源、数字经济、卫生健康、海洋经济、职业教育、妇女和青年发展等新领域合作,鼓励建设-经营-转让(BOT)、政府和社会资本合作(PPP)等方式,助力非洲实现工业化,提升在全球产业链供应链中的地位。中方支持通过融资和私营企业合作等方式帮助非洲实现粮食自给自足,推动技术转让,支持非洲发展经济、促进就业、减少贫困。双方支持气转电项目获取投资与融资。中方愿积极支持非洲自贸区建设,分享自贸区建设经验,通过农产品输华“绿色通道”、最不发达国家关税优惠、互联网直播带货等方式增加非洲对华出口,不断提高中非贸易规模和便利化水平。双方愿在论坛成果落实中关注小岛屿国家的特殊性和脆弱性。

中方坚定支持非洲深入参与二十国集团(G20)、金砖国家等平台活动,进一步在全球治理和国际事务中发挥更大作用。

七、支持各有关方通过和平谈判解决乌克兰危机,呼吁国际社会不因乌克兰问题减少对非洲的支持和投入,积极帮助非洲国家应对粮食安全、气候变化和能源危机等全球性问题,敦促国际社会重视非洲在扩大发展融资和促进经济复苏方面的关切,加快推进特别提款权转借进程,助力非洲实现自主可持续发展。

八、非方对中方为成功组织此次协调人会议作出的努力表示感谢。

About 高大伟 David Cowhig

After retirement translated, with wife Jessie, Liao Yiwu's 2019 "Bullets and Opium", and have been studying things 格物致知. Worked 25 years as a US State Department Foreign Service Officer including ten years at US Embassy Beijing and US Consulate General Chengdu and four years as a China Analyst in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research. Before State I translated Japanese and Chinese scientific and technical books and articles into English freelance for six years. Before that I taught English at Tunghai University in Taiwan for three years. And before that I worked two summers on Norwegian farms, milking cows and feeding chickens.
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