Politically Incorrect Twitter Browsing Cost Suzhou TV Station Editor His Job

The Suzhou City Main Television Broadcasting Station in its administrative notice of April 4, 2019, announced that Zhu Chengzhuo had been removed from his post as Deputy Director of the All Media Editorial Center of the station. The administrative notice is translated below.

The PRC cyber noose continues to tighten as the Chinese Communist Party apparently is getting more worried about harmful information flooding into China from illegal websites outside the borders of the Mainland China. The administrative notice uses the expression “outside the border” 境外 which refers to the PRC excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan so I translated it as Mainland China.

Ten years ago, sharing harmful foreign information with other people in China could get Chinese into trouble but in general, browsing using the many kinds of virtual private network (VPN) software to penetrate the Great Red Firewall (despite the best efforts of the authorities to filter harmful information) did not get people into trouble. In times of exceptional tension, such as during the 2011 Pro-Democracy Protests (inspired by Tunisia’s Jasmine Revolution,, some people were jailed for retweeting information about planned protests. In the years since, the cyber-noose has continued to tighten. According to a PRC court interpretation, people using domestic social media can get into trouble for “spreading rumors” if they share information that the authorities judge to be socially harmful and that posting is repeated by 500 people. Several Twitter accounts such as @airmovingdevice have been required to close recently by Chinese authorities.

The Weibo account (a Twitter-like social media for people inside Bamboo Curtain) of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Professor Yu Jianrong, a sometime advisor to the Chinese leadership on social issues, was recently suspended for ninety days. Yu doesn’t know why. Some suggest that the approach to the sensitive date of June 4th may be the reason. Yu’s last posting before suspension was about the iconoclastic theory of Hunan University Professor Du Jiangang that the English and the French (and indeed the English language) all originated in China’s Hunan Province. Professor Du was allowed to publish a book about his theory, so most likely Yu did not get in trouble for revealing that everything comes from China.

Zhu Chengzhuo’s Twitter account has apparently been closed. I didn’t see any direct trace of it. In a search on Twitter, I found some retweets of Zhu’s comments. He did say some things the Party doesn’t like. I wonder if his long term Twitter record going back ten years or so could have been the problem even if (I don’t really know) he has been more careful lately. Judging by some of the retweets, he has been interested in the maltreatment of Chinese political dissident and sympathetic to the people of Xinjiang.

Some examples (from retweets of Zhu’s tweets RT @zhuchengzhuo

2014: RT @zhuchengzhuo: 在内地的新闻业界,新疆绝对是个禁忌话题,每个人都是知道新疆要这样持续下去,肯定是越搞越乱,但是只要一提及新疆,普遍都有一种远在天边,事不关己的态,甚至个别人还热衷于王震当年的治疆手法。难道新疆真的就好不了了吗?”Xinjiang is a taboo topic for the news media in Mainland China. Everybody knows that if Xinjiang keeps going along the way that is has been, it will definitely get more and more chaotic. But if the topic of Xinjiang comes up, people act as it is as faraway as the high heavens and has nothing to do with us. Some people even enthusiastic about Wang Zhen’s old style way of governing Xinjiang. Could it really be true that things can never get better in Xinjiang?”

[Note: As for the Wang Zhen reference, take a look at this passage from the Wikipedia article on Wang Zhen
“Wang was head of the military government in Xinjiang from 1950 to 1952 and earned a reputation for brutality towards the native Uyghurs, writing to Mao Zedong that they were “a troublemaking minority” and suggested they be “thoroughly wiped out” to avoid any future problems. Mao apparently thought this too extreme, and Wang was redeployed, but Wang remains a folk-hero among Han Chinese settlers in Xinjiang to the present day, while Uyghur mothers in Xinjiang still warn their children to be good “or else Wang Zhen will come and get you.” ]

2013 — RT @zhuchengzhuo: 八九风波过后,知识分子中流传着两句话:“精神上不合作,话语上不抵抗”。 “Ever since the disturbances of 1989, Chinese intellectuals have been saying two things to one another: “Spiritually do not co-operate, in your words do not resist”

2013 — RT @zhuchengzhuo@degewa 他们会一直监视下去吗? (to the Tibetan writer Woeser “Do they monitor you all the time?”

I wonder if the attitude towards the Chinese Communist Party revealed in these postings may have been enough for the Public Security organs to act. Considering that the Party is getting ever more concerned about ideological conformity, the position of editor in a broadcasting station is an ideologically strategic one.

Nobody can say for sure. The Voice of America Chinese language website on April 10 carried a story about Zhu Chengzhuo‘s punishment for ideological non-conformity.

Chinese Text of the Suzhou City Main Television Station Notice on the Administrative Punishment of Zhu Chengzhuo for Ideological Offenses

Posted in Media 媒体, Politics 政治 | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Wikileaks Harmed Chinese Citizen Activists: Translation of Namelist Circulated on Internet

This 2012 posting on the website Red China [RedChinaCn.net] is a copy of a posting that circulated on Chinese websites to criticizing people who had talked with US diplomats as at best fellow travelers and at worst traitors to China. An example of how US Mission China contacts were vilified as a result of Wikileaks.

Come to think of it, I spoke to Chinese Embassy people both before and after becoming a U.S. State Department Foreign Service Officer. Same logic, I must be a Chinese running dog too!!

The leaked U.S. diplomatic cables led to incessant interrogations and sanctions against some of the people named in the cables.

Tibetan writer and activist Woeser in a public posting on her Facebook page wrote about the harm that Wikileaks did to Tibetan activists.

“Do people still remember Julian Assange’s Wikileaks? Of course they do. What I remember most of all is how when Assange made his revelations, I and many other Tibetans were said to be a Fellow Travelers Party of the United States. Lists of names often appeared on Chinese websites, and the “pandas” called us in to drink tea, drink tea, drink tea over and over [incessant police interrogations]. I know at least some Tibetans were forbidden to leave China to take part in visitor programs. The world is very complicated. Is there a limit to freedom of speech? Certainly, Wikileaks changed everything. It also harmed many innocents.
主要记得那时候阿桑奇的爆料,我和好些个藏人被说成米国带路党,在天朝网络上频频出现名单,于是被熊猫喝茶、喝茶、喝茶…至少还知道,有个藏人被禁足参加出国访问者项目了。世界很复杂。言论自由有没有某个度?淮橘为枳的事情确实发生了,也伤害了无辜者。

The article also gives us the rationale from a Chinese perspective of why these people who talk with foreign governments are a threat to China.

As you can see by the comment at the end of the article “A list of some “informers” protected by the US Embassy in WikiLeaks”, this article like some others, is confused about what (protect) means after a name. In US diplomatic usage it simply cautions readers not to reveal the name of the source and does not imply any kind of ‘protection’ by the US government. I used Google Translate on the list of names after the article. The X’s interjected in the names for missing characters are in the original.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is image-8.png

There are others. Independent Review (独立评论)in May 2013 also circulated a list of full names from Wikileaks- leaked diplomatic cables this without the Xs for missing characters. The anonymous poster wrote among other things:

“WikiLeaks published a list of American “informers” in China! The list is shocking! Those traitors!! They are the spokespersons of the Western forces who are trying to tear apart the Chinese Communist Party. A fortress is the easiest to destroy from within. If the Chinese Communist Party wishes to avoid becoming a failed party and a failed state, it need to make big changes in the key leaders at all levels of Chinese politics, education and culture. The new leader of the Chinese Communist Party can only win the final victory in the struggle against the Fellow Traveler Party and the anti-China forces in the West by adhering to the mass line and staying close to the broad masses of the people.”

Translation of July 2012 RedChinaCn.net posting.

Source: WikiLeaks Information Shared Online Exposed China’s Names of Members of Chinese Fellow Traveler Party

Author: Zhang Fenglin

Disclaimer: The following content was found online and and the blogger does not know if it is true. But the Ford Foundation is indeed part of the US Masonic System.

WikiLeaks Exposed the Names of the Chinese Fellow Traveler Party

Author: yinduasan9527

Published:2012-1-8 20:38:00

Source: Tianya Guoguan

Reposted wanshi

WikiLeaks has once again caught a big scorpion. The latest batch of US diplomatic telegrams reveals that the US has implanted a group of “fellow travelers” in China. High ranking Americans are furious and want to shut down “impose sanctions” on the Wikileaks website. This incident, like a stone dropping into a pool, made waves, triggering strong responses from all quarters. The people on the list are naturally at risk. Some have issued statements to explaining themselves and saying that they have done nothing wrong.

Whether the explanations these people are making are true or not, or whether the list is a fabrication, those of us “non-professionals” naturally do not know, but justice always wins out in the end, we can say some “words to comfort them”. Don’t worry, the Americans recognize you as an informant. That this “may be true” is what they want to think.

When the water level goes down, the rocks appear. There is no avoiding that. As to whether “informants” really do exist, many people will think about it and have some understanding of the circumstances will say that is just about certain there are. The reason is very simple. This is consistent with the way Americans act. Some countries like to promote their values ​​everywhere, and subvert values elsewhere (some people disagree with this wording and call this “democratic reform”!?), so in countries that are “dark – deeply unfree and undemocratic gray or whatever color” they are always need to be nurturing some “contacts” – so that that they can explore the situation in those countries and so that these people can do for them some “important work” that they cannot do themselves. To assist movements in these countries and to push events along at the right moment and people will “grab whatever is at hand and rise up” to make big changes in their countries (or promote “democratic reform”). Today, the leaders of several Arab countries have changed. Is it not to the great credit of the XX Group headed by the X country that has been cultivating “informants” for a long time? Everyone knows that some people (and some countries) have been putting up a pretense while actually being ecstatic! And let’s take a look at the list. I wonder if it gives everybody a feeling of being “stunned and memorable”. Anyway, this writer always feels great “admiration” for them.

At first glance, the so-called “informants” are not such hateful people: they are experts and scholars, and they are experts in theory. They are are good talkers and can be “fascinating”. Some are religious teachers. These “important people not of this world” by injecting their own private politics into their preaching is the “Deity”. (Please ask these high ones if this is a violation of divine commandments or teachings). Is this “redemption” (“the God of Money, Redemption by US dollars?). Some journalists and writers use the prestige of the “King of Innocents” to guide public opinion, control the narrative, and peddle certain “new ideas”. Some are business people who dangle the prospect of “theoretical innovation” and associate it with the image of success and earning a lot of money. There are government officials (these people are sensitive!). Some eat Chinese rice but seek something that comes from who knows where (you can catch my meaning).

In short, the “big guys” who seem to be decent and walking in step with the Chinese people (but they bank accounts abroad and green cards) are thinking about how they can serve some foreign countries.

In our country, there are people who, as long as they have not been exposed, are considered to be loyal. When they are exposed, we call them “traitors.” The traitor always stinks. From history we can see that a country that tries to create traitors is not a good country. This time there are so many of them, they have become a group. No wonder some of them claimed to be leading proponents of “internationalism” and just can’t restrain themselves and It’s no wonder that some of you are always arrogant and scream at the little wiki.

People are always too kind. Good people are easily fooled. This time, the “Wiki” brother woke us up. We need to stand up and fight those people with their hidden agendas. Before took care not to eat contaminated pork and cooking oil. Now we have to be careful about problematic people and problematic countries.

We should change what should be changed and be contemptuous of those who deserve it. With respect to some neighbor “some Sam, some Tom, or some maternal uncle X” who tell you to just do whatever you want to do, we Chinese have to get concerned. Those who are desperately trying to help others accomplish their conspiracy (this sentence is awkward, I just don’t know how some people’s brains work), those who want to achieve a so-called “revolution” in China (on TV we can see that countries that do revolutions have lots of people dying everyday, it’s awful…), all your plotting is in vain!!! We’ll solve our own problems, we aren’t going to work for your “foreign assistance”.

A lot of hard work went into investigating the bad things that the United States has done this time. Now we have a list of names and the evidence is conclusive. Although “they” are very strong, but the people have minds of their own. Those fellows have lost a lot of face. To use a current saying, “Whether you believe it or not, I believe it.”

[Appendix]

     Netcom accepts 100 Chinese celebrities funded by the Freemasons Ford Foundation

Reference: http://www.mshw.org/theory/politics/2011-10-28/5742.html

Mao Yuxi: Economist, Director of the Institute of Economics

Li Xing: Economist

Lin X: Economist

Fan x Gang: Economist

Hu X Steel: Economist

Wu x wave: economist

Zheng Xjian, Vice President of the Central Party School

Zhang Weiying: Former Vice President of Guanghua School of Management, Peking University

Yin X Ting, Director of Department of Anthropology, Yunnan University

Xie x Jie, Associate Professor, Sun Yat-Sen University School of Law

Zhang x Chuan, Professor, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University

Deng X, Professor, Fudan University

Xie x Ping, vice president of CIC

Chen X Qing, Associate Professor, Tsinghua University School of Management

He X Hong, Professor of Law, NPC

Cai Xitu, Professor of Nankai University, Director of the Institute of Globalization and Global Issues

Li Xchang, Professor of Law, Vice President of Zhongnan University of Economics and Law

Chen X Hao, police officer of the Ministry of Public Security

Chen X Dong, Professor of Law, NPC

Li X Yong, Associate Research Fellow, Institute of the People’s Procuratorate

Jiang X Song, Professor, School of Law, Central University of Finance and Economics

Hu Xwei, Professor of Doctoral Supervisor, Dean of School of International and Public Affairs, Shanghai Jiaotong University

Gao x Quan, senior economist. Jiading, Jiangsu. President of China Economic System Reform Research Association, Reform and Development of Chinese Enterprises

President of the exhibition research association

Wu x Lian, currently a researcher at the Development Research Center of the State Council and a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference

Director of the Economic Commission

Zou Xzhuang: Economist

Dong x礽: Economist

Yang x Kai: Economist

Xu x Year: Economist

Hu xliu: Economist

Hai X Wen: Vice President of Peking University

Zhou Xren: Member of the Currency Committee

Zhou xchuan: President of the People’s Bank of China

Easy x: Director of the Foreign Affairs Bureau

Lou x Wei: Economist, Chairman of CIC

Rong x Ben: Economist

Zhang X Jun: Economist

Zhao Xwei: Economist

Liu Xu Xuan: Economist

Ha x Ming,: Economist

Li X Yang, Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Chen x Gui, deputy dean of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Jiang Xping: Professor of Law

He X Fang: Professor of Law at Peking University

Cai X Jian: Professor of Law

Yu x嵘: Legal scholar

Lu X Yuan: Deputy Director of the Development Research Center of the State Council

Li x茁: Director, Institute of Population and Development, Xi’an Jiaotong University

Long live the people

 Published on 2012-7-19 07:13:04 |See only the author

Zhou Xhua: Researcher, Institute of Law, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Liu Xying: Researcher, Rural Economic Research Department, Development Research Center of the State Council.

Yu Xili: Professor, Doctoral Supervisor, School of Management, Lanzhou University

Pang Xpeng: Associate Professor, School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Renmin University of China

Sun Xyong: Currently a professor and doctoral tutor at Southwest University of Political Science and Law

Du Xchun: Associate Research Fellow, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Xu Xcun: Professor Xu Jingcun, Dean of Sun Yat-Sen University School of Law

Yellow x rock

Zhu Xu; Director of the Population and Development Research Center of Fujian Normal University

Luo Xmin; Professor of Tsinghua University, doctoral tutor

Liu Xuxuan: Researcher, Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Deputy Director, Microeconomics Research Office

Li X Ship: Researcher, Institute of Industrial Research, Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Gu Xyang: Member of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Li xtong: Researcher at the Development Research Center of the State Council

Li X Shi: Professor of Business Administration, Beijing Normal University

Tian Xsheng: Director of the Department of Economics, China Youth Politics College

Lu X Ling: Deputy Secretary-General of Lu Liling China Economic System Reform Research Association

Yan Zhenzhen: Yan Ruizhen, Director of the Institute of Rural Development, Renmin University of China

Chen Xbo: Visiting Researcher at Tianze Economic Research Institute, Council of Zhejiang University Tianze Private Economy Research Center

Fang Xrong: Vice President of the Party School of Hubei Provincial Party Committee

History x Xinjiang: Director of Northwest Research Center for Social and Economic Development

Mao x Shi: Associate Dean of School of Management, Wuhan University

Xia Xzhong: Professor of the School of Social and Population Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Guo Xhua, Professor, Department of Sociology, Renmin University of China

Zhuang x韶: Professor of the Department of Sociology, Renmin University of China, research direction for anthropology

Shen X Gao: Professor of Peking University

Zhao X Kai: Deputy Secretary General of China Development Research Foundation of the Development Research Center of the State Council

Zou X甫: Director and Senior Professor of Economic Science Center of Wuhan University

Wu Xhong: Institute of Evidence Science, China University of Political Science and Law

Ye x Zhen: Dean of Fujian Finance Vocational and Technical College

Dong Xqiu: President of Yunnan Farmers University

Jiang Xping: Researcher, Women’s Institute of the All-China Women’s Federation

Zhan X Kang: Professor, Department of Health Statistics and Social Medicine, School of Public Health, Fudan University

Zheng Xsheng: Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Renmin University of China

Zhao Xchen: Researcher, Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences

Wang Xgui: Professor, School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Renmin University of China

Wen X Jun: Dean of the School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Renmin University of China

He x Wen: Professor of China Agricultural University of Economics and Management

Liu X Jing: Researcher, Institute of Agricultural Economics, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Gao xfei: Professor of Southwest University of Political Science and Law

Zhang Xfan: Professor of Peking University Law School, Executive Deputy Director of the Center for Constitutional and Administrative Law of Peking University, Chinese Constitutional Law

Vice president of the meeting.

Wang Xwei:

Zhang Xhui; Zhang Zhihui, director of the Institute of Prosecutorial Theory of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate

Bi Xqian: Professor of the National Judges College, Director of the Teaching Department of the National Judges College

Liu x帼;

Xu xting: Senior lawyer of Beijing Yuheng Law Firm

Gu Xzhong: Professor Gu Yongzhong, Vice President of the Institute of Law and Law, China University of Political Science and Law

Zhang Xsheng: Professor of Law School of Fudan University

Han X Yi: Partner of Kyoto Law Firm

Li Xao: Associate Professor, Wuhan University Law School

Fu X Lin: Teacher of Peking University Law School

List source: http://www.tianya.cn/publicforum/content/worldlook/1/426877.shtml

A list of some “informers” protected by the US Embassy in WikiLeaks earlier:

Ma Wei (Protect), sociologist of Peking University and consultant of the United Front Department

Tashi (strictly protect), a lama from Qinghai Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, is currently studying at Beijing Buddhist College. He is “very happy” (Obama meets Dalai in the United States)

Rinpoche (strictly protect) a abbot of Nether in Ningqian County, Qinghai, telling PolOff that all 400 nuns in the nunnery know that Obama meets Dalai and is excited

Lausang Cicheng Pengcuo (strictly protect), Living Buddha at Lucang Temple, Guinan County, Qinghai

Zhang Jianguo (Protect), Deputy Director of the State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

Yan Bin (Protect), Director of Business Social Responsibility and Office of the former Ministry of Civil Affairs of the Beijing Office of the China Foundation Office of the Asian Foundation

Liao Anxi (Protect), Project Officer of the Asia Foundation (TAF)

Wang Zhenyao, former Director of Social Welfare and Philanthropy Promotion Department of the Ministry of Civil Affairs

Woeser, blogger of Tibetan dissidents

Hu Yan (Protect), Director and Professor of the Department of Ethnic and Religious Theory, Department of Scientific Socialism, CPC Central Party School

Yangling Dorje (protection), retired former chairman of the Tibet CPPCC, Hu Yaobang’s great admirer

Liu Xiaoyuan (Protect), Human Rights Lawyer

Ma Wei (Protect), Ph.D. student, China Research Center, Tsinghua University

Niu Jingfei (Protect), graduate student of Tsinghua University

Posted in Foreign Relations 外交, Media 媒体, Society 社会 | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

CSIS II: The Taiwan Relations Act at Forty and U.S.-Taiwan Relations

I went to listen to all-day panel discussions “The Taiwan Relations Act at Forty and U.S.-Taiwan Relations” at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, DC on April 9th. I even got a free lunch and caught up with State Department and other USG colleagues whom I hadn’t seen for a while. Fun and a day of stimulating discussions. The video links in this article may give you some useful jumping off points for eight hours of video.

References:

CSIS has the raw video on its web page. I’ll put out a list of what the highlights were for me with the timings on the video so you won’t have to sit through it all, much as that would please CSIS. The video starts at 26:40 with an introduction by CSIS CEO John Hamre. The panels are followed by Q&A so you will want to skip around.

Highlights

** President Tsai Ing-wen of the Republic of China (Taiwan) followed by Q&A with think tankers. Starts after 35:37. Transcript of President Tsai’s remarks at
https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/event/190410_The_Taiwan_Relations_Act.pdf

** U.S. Representative Gerald Connolly, a staff assistant for the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee for a decade before becoming a congressman gave a long term perspective on the Taiwan Relations Act. The Congressman begins at 4:06:08 Transcript at https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/event/190409_Representative_oerald_Connolly%20%28D-VA%29.pdf

**Another Taiwan perspective from Taiwan, ROC
Legislator Bi-khim Hsiao (Legislative Yuan) starts at 3:20:38 https://youtu.be/Rn3uSxFhHFI?t=12038

** Panelist 1: The TRA and the U.S. One-China Policy Stephen Young (Former Director, American Institute in Taiwan) at 1:54 https://youtu.be/Rn3uSxFhHFI?t=6848

** Panelist 1: Taiwan’s Changing Security EnvironmentMichael Chase (Senior Political Scientist, RAND Corporation) starts at https://youtu.be/Rn3uSxFhHFI?t=19281

**Panelist 2: How Taiwan Should Ensure Economic Competitiveness Eric Altbach (Senior Vice President, Albright Stonebridge Group) starts at 5:32:43

**Panelist 3: Taiwan’s Options Regarding China Susan Thornton (Former Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs) starts at 5:45:44

Looking Towards the Future

2:45pm         Panel Three: The Next Forty Years Panel started at 6:37

  • Moderator:Abraham Denmark (Director of the Asia Program, Wilson Center)
  • Panelist 1: The TRA’s Continuing Relevance to U.S. Policy Robert Sutter (Professor of Practice of International Affairs, George Washington University)
  • Panelist 2: China’s Strategies Toward Taiwan and Taiwan/U.S. ResponsesRyan Hass (David M. Rubenstein Fellow – Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution)
  • Panelist 3: Taiwan’s Future Sources of Strength and WeaknessJacques deLisle (Professor of Law & Political Science, University of Pennsylvania)
Posted in Foreign Relations 外交, History 历史 | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Curl Up With A Think Tank Video: US – China Innovation Forum at CSIS April 10, 2019

I attended the US – China Innovation Forum at the Center for Strategic and International Studies on Wednesday April 10 which brought together industry leaders, business consultants and scholars to discuss issues surrounding innovation and US – China trade. I’ll mention hear some of my favorite parts with video links to those bits. 

Video timings add a lot of value for little effort. I’m surprised that they don’t insert the timings in the raw video on YouTube immediately afterwards!  CSIS generates just avalanches of interesting stuff that could easily just vanishes like the sound waves in the conference room.

You can skip around to find stimulating brainwaves for yourself. The program starts 29 minutes after the raw video so if you want to curl up on your coach with CSIS, the start link would be https://youtu.be/2h2Q94KPaPU?t=1772

Highlights

Congressman Rick Larson (Democrat of Washington), co-chair of the House US – China Working Group (web page at https://uschinaworkinggroup-larsen.house.gov/ ) , recently returned from another of his many trips to China with House colleagues from both parties. Trade concerns are bipartisan.

 ** Congressman Larson’s presentation begins at 4:36:55 of the raw video feed at URL https://youtu.be/2h2Q94KPaPU?t=16615

Congressman Larson said there is now an unusual tripartisan alignment in the US Congress on China issues among the security hawks, the trade hawks and the human rights hawks. These factions all cross party line. They usually balance each other out to some degree but they are now aligned in their dissatisfaction with US – PRC relations.


**The health panel and especially Zhang Ligang’s presentation at  https://youtu.be/2h2Q94KPaPU?t=14960
on  how artificial intelligence could even be much more important in China than in the US.  It could boost the productivity and effectiveness of China’s overworked and less educated (80% either BA or MA rather than doctorate in medicine) and improve China’s long term cancer survival rates (now just about one-third of what they are in the USA). [Zhao’s presentation got me thinking about path dependency in development.  As he said, many Chinese have smart phones not and not home computers (I would add phones and not credit cards) and so development takes a different path. Seems like so many difference in US – China development result in overly exciting, hair shirt-wrenching press reports.  Often it just differences in development path. ]

3:00 pm: Panel #4: Case Study: Healthcare          
Moderator:

J. Stephen Morrison, Senior Vice President and Director, Global Health Policy Center, CSIS

Panelists: 
Jennifer Osika, Deputy Vice President, International, PhRMA
Zhang Ligang, CEO, iKang Healthcare
Joan Shen, Head of Discovery and Clinical Development, I-Mab Biopharma
Benjamin Shobert, Director of Healthcare Strategy, MicrosoftAs CSIS


** Presentation of John Nueuffer CEO of the Semiconductor Industry Association starts at https://youtu.be/2h2Q94KPaPU?t=6803 on the panel.

1:00 pm: Panel #2: Innovating and Executing               
Moderator
:
John L. Holden, Senior Director, McLarty Associates

Panelists:
Steven M. Chapman, Group Vice President, China and Russia, Cummins
Pin Ni, President, Wanxiang America Corporation
John Neuffer, President & CEO, Semiconductor Industry Association
Piper Lounsbury Stover, CEO and Cofounder, BINC Technologies, LLC

The Protecting Innovation panel spoke to some central concerns these days!! That panel starts at URL  https://youtu.be/2h2Q94KPaPU?t=10246

2:15 pm: Panel #3: Protecting Innovation                    
Moderator
:
Scott Kennedy, Senior Adviser, Freeman Chair, CSIS

Panelists: 
Robert Holleyman, President & CEO, C&M International
Terrence Brady, President, Underwriters Laboratories Inc
John Larkin, President, Larkin Trade International
Christopher Padilla, Vice President, Government & Regulatory Affairs, IBM  

Copied from the CSIS website at https://www.csis.org/events/us-china-innovation-forum-setting-agenda?


US-China Innovation Forum: Setting the Agenda

Wednesday, April 10, 2019 11:30 am – 5:00 pm
CSIS Headquarters

This is a raw video feed. Event begins at 29:00. Edited video will be posted shortly.

Rapid technological advancements offer a wealth of potential opportunities for business and consumers, but also present a set of serious public policy challenges for the United States, China and others. Maximizing the benefits of innovation requires strong support for R&D and open markets, and policies and practices that effectively protect intellectual property rights, privacy, and national security. Recognizing the difficulty of this multi-pronged pursuit, at our April 10 kickoff event, American and Chinese representatives from industry, finance, government and think tanks will discuss how to best foster, protect, and advance innovation.
 
The US-China Innovation Forum is a joint initiative of the CSIS Freeman Chair in China Studies and the US-China Business Council.
 

AGENDA

11:30 am: Registration
 
11:45 am: Welcoming Remarks (& Luncheon)
Scott Kennedy, Senior Adviser, Freeman Chair in China Studies, CSIS
Craig Allen, President, US-China Business Council
William S. Cohen, Chairman and CEO, The Cohen Group
 
12:15 pm: Panel #1: Financing Innovation (luncheon cont’d)
Moderator:
Martin Chorzempa, Research Fellow, Peterson Institute for International Economics

Panelists
Michael Kuan, Founder, Kuan Capital
Joyce Chang, Chair of Global Research, J.P. Morgan
Vincent Mo, Founder and Chairman, Fang Holdings
 
1:00 pm: Panel #2: Innovating and Executing               
Moderator
:
John L. Holden, Senior Director, McLarty Associates

Panelists:
Steven M. Chapman, Group Vice President, China and Russia, Cummins
Pin Ni, President, Wanxiang America Corporation
John Neuffer, President & CEO, Semiconductor Industry Association
Piper Lounsbury Stover, CEO and Cofounder, BINC Technologies, LLC
 
2:00 pm: Coffee Break
 
2:15 pm: Panel #3: Protecting Innovation                    
Moderator
:
Scott Kennedy, Senior Adviser, Freeman Chair, CSIS
                 
Panelists: 
Robert Holleyman, President & CEO, C&M International
Terrence Brady, President, Underwriters Laboratories Inc
John Larkin, President, Larkin Trade International
Christopher Padilla, Vice President, Government & Regulatory Affairs, IBM
 
3:00 pm: Panel #4: Case Study: Healthcare          
Moderator:

J. Stephen Morrison, Senior Vice President and Director, Global Health Policy Center, CSIS

Panelists: 
Jennifer Osika, Deputy Vice President, International, PhRMA
Zhang Ligang, CEO, iKang Healthcare
Joan Shen, Head of Discovery and Clinical Development, I-Mab Biopharma
Benjamin Shobert, Director of Healthcare Strategy, Microsoft

4:00 pm: Panel #5: Government’s Role in Promoting Innovation  
Moderator:

Christopher K. Johnson, Freeman Chair in China Studies, CSIS
Craig Allen, President, US-China Business Council

Panelists:
Congressman Rick Larsen (D-WA)
Senator Dan Sullivan (R-AK) (was not able to come)
 
5:00 pm: Event Concludes This event is free, open to the public and media, and will be streamed live online from this page.

Conference funding comes from Applied Materials and other support to the Freeman Chair in China Studies’ China Innovation Policy Series (CIPS).

Posted in Economy 经济, Foreign Relations 外交, Health 健康 | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Did Revealing PRC Secret Lead to Prof Yu’s Weibo Account Suspension??

On April 9th, the South China Morning Post reported that the 90-day suspension of the Weibo account of renowned expert on Chinese grassroots activism (and sometime advisor to top Communist Party leaders) Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Professor Yu Jianrong. What, I wondered could have been the dark PRC secret had been revealed that so discomfited the PRC authorities that they could not but suspend Prof Yu’s Weibo account?

Here is Professor Yu Jianrong’s last Weibo posting dated March 23, 2019.

Here Professor Yu Jianrong (until 2003 a professor at Hunan Normal University) copies a news report about a lecture by another Hunan man, Hunan University prof, Professor Du Jiangang, at a scholar’s forum in which he revealed that not only did the English people originated in China’s western Hunan Province but that the English language itself evolved from the ancient Chinese language spoken many thousands of years ago in the lands of the Huaxia that became China. I looked around and found two articles by Prof Du Jiangang, who is also the author of a book on the origin of some languages.

Could the revelation of this secret that makes it clear to all why China is called the Central Kingdom? Is does seem a violation of the Deng Xiaoping Principle of Tao Your Guang and Yang Your Huikeep a low profile and bide your time, while also getting something accomplished.”  But then again, Xi Jinping Thought does called it self a re-interpretation of Deng Xiaoping Theory for the new era.

Or is it just a joke on the authorities?
The weibo entry does indicate that it was edited. Perhaps Prof. Yu was angry at the authorities and decided to change his last tweet before Weibo suspension to something weird??!!

The South China Morning Post on Professor Yu’s  Weibo account being suspended

Yu, a researcher at the rural development institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, was told that his Weibo account would be suspended for 90 days.

“I feel odd. I don’t know which of my comments violated the country and Sina’s regulations,” Yu told the Post. He said he had not posted any political content on his account for two years.

Yu Jianrong, who had seven million followers on Weibo, had his account suspended for 90 days. Photo: Twitter

Yu Jianrong, who had seven million followers on Weibo, had his account suspended for 90 days. Photo: Twitter

“Every day, I post about art. They can’t find any ‘politically harmful information’ in my posts, but it’s up to them.” Yu said.

Weibo’s vague definition of “politically harmful information” includes not only content that violates the law or the constitution, undermines national unity and incites hatred, but also bans spreading rumours and publishing “adverse information” that could undermine “social morality”. ” explained the South China Morning Post.

Just what is secret? Maybe that in itself is a secret too!

The lecturer whom Professor Yu mentioned in his Weibo posting said both the English and the French are actually from Hunan Province.

The Opium Wars have been misunderstood! The English were trying to go home and reclaim their ancient lands.


http://news.dwnews.com/china/news/2019-03-25/60125414.html

湖南大学教授杜钢建语出惊人:英国人源自中国湘西 微信 + A – 中英关系 2019-03-25 16:03:38 中国宪法学家杜钢建(图源:VCG)

北京时间3月20日上午,第三届中国“一带一路”博士论坛在北京第二外国语学院召开。湖南大学法学院教授杜钢建语出惊人,提出英国人源自中国湘西。 综合媒体3月26日报道,杜钢建指出,古汉语是英语的母语。因为整个英国文化起源于中国。英国早期有两大民族盎格鲁人、撒克逊人。他们都是起源于中国。 针对英国人具体源自于哪里呢?来自于中国的古英国。中国的古英国在哪里呢?杜钢建回答,在现在的湖北。湖北现在有一个县叫英山县。夏商时期中国的古英国在这里,所以现在叫英山县。 杜钢建强调,古英国人的祖先可以追溯到湘西地区的皋陶,也就是尧舜禹时期的大法官。所以,在商朝推翻夏朝以后,古英国人开始往西迁移,在印度建立了英国,后来到了两河流域建立了英国,然后到汉代已经翻译成“恩屈国”,就演化成了现在讲的“盎格鲁”。 杜钢建指出,英语跟中文是同源的。同源的原因在哪?来自于我们古英国人的迁徙,一直迁徙到了欧洲。 新浪微博@梨视频文化2018年11月10日报道,杜钢建还有一个“人类起源于非洲”的观点,他表示人类起源和文明起源是两个概念。 …转自多维新闻网h

https://www.sohu.com/a/151327493_698473

And not only the English but the French as well. They are both from Hunan, just like Mao Zedong! Professor Du also tells us that the ancient Gauls came from Yanling County, Hunan. 

If you look really hard at the map, you can see that Hunan’s Yanling County is shaped a little bit like France. Sort of a Hexagone I guess.


Perhaps if Asterix had known, the French (and even the little boys and girls of Algeria and Vietnam in the early 20th century) would not have had to learn about “”nos ancêtres les Gaulois” but instead about “”nos ancêtres les Chinois”. French historians have debunked traditional thinking about the Gauls and the founding of France, so perhaps Prof. Du’s ideas will find some traction. Or not.

大学教授称“法国人源于湖南”:从不追求同行认知 

2017-06-23 11:29

“西方人起源于中国,法国高卢人源于古代株洲炎陵”,一则在网络流传的有关人类文明起源的消息再次引人注目。

这结论来自湖南大学法学院教授杜钢建。今年61岁的他在学院网站上头衔颇多:当代中国著名法学家、大陆新儒家代表人物之一、湖南大学法学院原院长。事实上,上述言论仅仅是杜钢建近年来发表的成果之一。

如今,杜钢建已经有了离开湖南大学,去其他地方继续研究文明起源的意向。在北京时间“暴风眼”(微信号:btime007)对其长达4小时的采访中,他两次接到广州某大学负责招聘的工作人员电话,对方希望其发送完整简历。

“那边钱多。” 6月19日,北京时间“暴风眼”询问其为何有辞职想法,杜钢建不假思索回答。一会儿后,他补充道:“湖南的14个市州我都走遍了,去广东是为了更好地研究人类文明起源,深圳10万年前就有人生存了,你想想有多少东西可以研究。”他还表示,自己对东南亚国家比较熟悉,今后计划研究东南亚人类文明起源。

从2012年起,杜钢建陆续发表“湖南人是日、韩人祖先”“湖南人是德国人祖先”“西王母的故乡在大湘西”“古埃及的宗教是佛教,源于上古湖湘地区”等言论。

再次被舆论关注,杜钢建并不意外:“我研究的是人类文明起源的问题,现在西方人寻根意识强烈,假如哪天外国总统来湖南寻根,那我又会再次被关注。”

他表示,研究文明起源是对法学专业的辅助,在解答历史之谜,之所以研究这个领域,是因为传统文化被歪曲太多,“要破除人类文明‘西方中心论’‘北方中心论’,应当回归真相,回归传统文化”。

“历史是个严肃的话题,要有依据,需要大量的精力去研究考古。”同时他也表示,自己从来不看专业期刊,学问是为自己做的,“能不能发表不重要”。

他认为,自己的观点要在10年后才能慢慢让人接受,“别人认识不到你认识到了,是因为你有福报”。

2009年下半年,经导师引荐,杜钢建进入湖南大学工作,第二年出任法学院院长,“当时我没想要来,但是老师带我在岳麓书院逛了一圈,好像我前世就是这里的人”。

2015年,杜钢建卸下院长职务。他说,任上行政琐事多,耽误时间,影响研究工作,“不做院长一年多,才有精力写书”。他写成了一本书,《文明源头与大同世界》,刚刚把书稿交到中南大学出版社手里。

助手枕戈找人设计了两套样书封面,一本标着“中南大学出版社”,另一本标着“人民出版社”。助手坦承,并没有找人民出版社出书的计划。

杜钢建的《文明源头与大同世界》,刚交到出版社,并没有由中南大学出版社或者人民出版社出版。图/肖鹏

对话杜钢建

谈观念与舆情

“炎帝的大臣奉命丈量地球”“现在西方人普遍都认识自己不是根源于西方”

北京时间:这两天,“西方人起源于中国,法国高卢人源于古代株洲茶陵地区”等观点的关注度比较高。

杜钢建:这个情况我了解,主要有一些微博,还有一些大的媒体。这只是其中的一小段,茶陵的历史实际是神农炎帝的历史,是最重要的。炎帝后裔大量是白人,炎帝的大臣白父(音)和赤姬(音),他们奉炎帝之命丈量地球,所以大量到了西方。在炎帝时期,整个世界都是华夏的。

北京时间:有网友对你的评价是“语出惊人”,甚至嘲讽或谩骂。

杜钢建:正常。20多年前,我倡导大陆新儒家,被嘲讽谩骂,甚至说你意识形态上有问题。谩骂的人,都是不求甚解的人,没有知识欲望的人。

我认为我们的社会现在还是比较浮躁。譬如西方学界就鼓励我,美国那个教授,他网上看到了,就给我一个“congratulation”,恭喜你在这个领域获得新的进展。虽然他可能不赞成你,没关系,你再研究嘛。每个人都是这样去研究的话,真相一定会大白的。

北京时间:上述观点在2015年11月就有发表,如今再次被舆论关注,有没有感到意外?

杜钢建:(被)重新关注,一点不感到意外。譬如我们讲德意志人追溯到湖南,这些话题当时热了一阵。德国领导人来了,或者德国的专家来寻根了,那又会热的。

现在西方人普遍都认识自己不是根源于西方。西方不断有人过来寻根,不断会热,一点不感到奇怪。

北京时间:“法国高卢人源于古代株洲茶陵地区炎帝参卢的后裔”,这个观点是怎么发现的?

杜钢建:我发现高卢人一系列的风俗、习惯,与炎帝后裔当中的高洛氏(音)为主的部落十分相似,甚至相同。他们的墓葬、政治制度、宗教、祭祀的方式、场所等,大量的都是中国古代文化的延续,往上追溯,就追溯到炎帝,但并不是说他是从湖南走到了欧洲。

文明源头是一个漫长的历史时期。先是到中国的北方,然后到西北,然后有一些形成了游牧部落,有的甚至直接到欧洲,斯堪的纳维亚半岛上。日耳曼人最早就是从那个半岛上被尧帝的儿子丹朱的后代赶下来的。

北京时间:有观点提到,神农炎帝本身就是一个神话故事。

杜钢建:所谓神话的或真实的人物,都是这一百多年以来,甚至1949年以来逐渐形成的,源头在民国时期。西方考古学传入中国以后,中国学界就说,考古没发现的就都是神话传说。这和西方考古学完全不一样。

西方考古学在没有发现前,不敢说这就是假的,不存在的,不真实的。中国人敢这样说,敢否定自己的祖先。有大量的神农、黄帝的史料、历史上的记载。到了民国时期,就有学者否定自己祖先,要么是伪书,要么是神话。

其实呢,神农炎帝是一个真实的历史朝代,而且不只是一个人。刚才你说是一个人,这是民国以后形成的一个错误认识。

北京时间:我们注意到你对人类文明起源也提出了其他观点,如“湖南是中华文明中心,湖南人是德国、日本、韩国人祖先”、“道县人类牙齿化石佐证古代天下以中国为中心”、“上古的法治文明中心在湖南”等等,这些观点,考古界、人类学界的朋友怎么看?

杜钢建:“湖南中心论”是枕戈提出来的,我用是的“大湘西”,枕戈把它改成了“湖南”,他认为更有宣传效果。我也赞成枕戈的说法,因为大湘西的面积太大,真正要颠覆“北方中心论”的话,用的“湖南”也很明确,也可以。

(考古界、人类学界)不一定都赞成,“白人的祖先来自中国”,他们对白人没研究,不好说。但你要如果讲高庙文化,他都赞成。华夏文明源于南方,不源于北方,应该总体来说是赞成的。

北京时间:都有依据吗?你长期定居湖南,是不是在有意迎合?

杜钢建:我这个人做学问,一辈子不迎合任何政府领导,从来都是在引导政府,走在前面的。我提出的很多观点,5年以后3年以后(政府)接受了,最难的问题也不超过10年。

网上有人说,杜钢建拿着政府的经费在做研究。(实际上)我一分钱都不去申请。做学者嘛,独立研究嘛。

现在网上有人说,杜钢建,你们湖南人自吹自擂,他们甚至都不知道我不是湖南人。我只是实事求是,还原这个真相。至于大家现在不接受,这是我预料中的,10年以内,可能慢慢就有很多观点接受,有一些观念可能要10年以后,甚至还要几代人。

杜钢建向记者展示《文明源头与大同世界》。图/肖鹏

谈治学方法

到湘西找黄帝修炼的山洞,从不追求同行认知

北京时间:你从何时开始关注人类文明源头等话题?最初开始研究是因为什么?

杜钢建:我是1979年人民大学第一届研究生,大致从那时起就关注人类文明源头。我还没毕业就要去教书,自己要教书,所以要读书,老师传下来的观点有问题,同辈当中很多观点有问题,学生辈当中也有大量的问题,“西方中心论”,怀疑古人,思想史、文化史,都是古代一片黑暗,讲到中国都是封建的,愚昧的,专制的,没有亮点。中国古代史变成了农民起义史,其实,中国古代史,大多数是民主与法治的历史。你想想周朝,周朝有八百年历史,如果都像周幽王周厉王那样的暴君的话,他能延续八百年吗?

北京时间:为何会对人类文明源头研究有兴趣?

杜钢建:凡是史学家,都不断地把历史不同的线索联系起来,解答历史之谜。你读书越多,越能发现历史之谜很多是有谜底的。谜底都在你的研究线索当中,你把它联系上了,你就能找到谜底,他这个源头一步一步是怎么来的。

北京时间:这几年来,你关于人类文明起源的研究,省市政府、学校、学院,提供了什么帮助?

杜钢建:这个方面的课题研究一分钱没有。我做这个研究要申请,人家不会主动拿一个课题给你。我这个人的特点,凡是课题,基本上不主动申请,被迫也有,但是不多,所以我拿的国家社科的课题不多。我刚才谈到湖南,政府、大学,大家都对我有帮助,至少大家没有坚决反对。

北京时间:你的结论通常是怎么形成的?一般通过什么方式进行研究?

杜钢建:我把大量的书摊开,比如说床上、地上,找线索,因为书籍太多,一旦发现哪个线索,就要赶快去找。知识点太多,不同的作者,不同的朝代,所以得出一个结论不是那么简单的,这个问题放在脑子里,很困惑,也很为难。忽然夜里醒来想想这个问题,发现这两个线索有关系,赶快起来查,一查,一对,就会发现点什么。

还有一种研究方法,一定要去跑,去看。比如说,现在几乎都不相信有龙。我现在给一个全国各地的干部班讲课,几乎一谈龙,一谈凤都说是虚构。所以要去找啊。

过去湖南只重视炎帝文化不重视黄帝文化,那我就要跑去找黄帝住的地方,比如说去岳阳神鼎山。黄帝一生在山洞里修炼,那我就要找到那个山洞,去湘西大山洞里,张家界去找。

北京时间:这些年你都去了哪些地方?

杜钢建:湖南的十四个地市差不多都去了。其他的省份也去得多,甘肃、陕西。比如说其实伏羲已经有五万年的历史了,在甘肃,我们要研究他的源头,在外面怎么走动。整个中国几乎没有没去过的省份。

北京时间:你的人类文明起源研究相关文章一般在哪些平台发表?为什么不发表在考古学、人类学的专业期刊上?

杜钢建:这些文章,来湖南以后,在大同思想网(编者注:一家以个人名义开办的学术类网站)发表,以前在北京工作二十多年,在各处发表。

我的成果在哪儿发表不重要,重要的是我写出来。业界的认知,甚至比大众的认知还要晚。所以我从来不追求同行的认知、社会的认知。我就是一个人,天马行空一个人。有限时间要留给自己,花那么多时间,我可能又有一个新的问题研究出来了。对我来说时间是最宝贵的。

北京时间:关注到你的主业在法学范畴,研究文明源头涉及到考古等,会不会跨越太大?会不会有不务正业之嫌?

杜钢建:有,甚至我们法学院都有老师说,杜老师你不务正业了,整天谈的不是法。其实我不愿意多做解释,因为考古学界有些限于理工科的研究方法,而对史学研究有限,所以一个陶瓷上面的符号他从文化史上去解读,跟法文化有什么关系,解读不了。

考古学家的重要性是把文物发掘好了,保存好了,然后让各界去研究。每个进入考古界的文字符号都有自己的学科,有的是社会学,有的是史学,有的是建筑学。我侧重研究他的制度文化,跟法文化有关联的观念、价值。我并不是都研究,比如说建筑我就不太关心。

我上的课都是专业课,我做的这些研究都是为专业服务,明白吗?为专业服务。

北京时间:在你看来,研究文明源头意义在哪里?

杜钢建:我研究问题首先不是对别人负责,而是给自我解答。发表给人看,得到什么认可,这些观念在我脑子里面从来不重要。大家接受没关系,不接受也没关系,随着时间的推移,真理的东西大家迟早都会接受。

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Leung Man-tao’s Thousand and One Nights Video Series on YouTube

I recently came across a fun Chinese-language literature program on YouTube. This is a good video series for advanced students of Chinese could watch there. Not overly fast, very standard Mandarin as you might expect from a presenter who has worked for Phoenix TV Hong Kong. Subtitles too.

The one I saw was a 2016 episode from an ongoing video series entitled 1001 Nights, this episode discusses Shakespeare and King Lear. 一千零一夜 第九十一夜:李尔王(一) The presenter, Leung Man-tao 梁文道 is from Hong Kong a fine bi-cultural/multicultural crossroads for a program that explores culture, literature and history in China and elsewhere. On The Paper Republic Chinese Literature in Translation website I found a blurb about Leung Man-tao:

“Informed by his dual identity as Chinese citizen and Hong Kong resident, Leung remains rooted in the cosmopolitanism of the latter, while possessing an intimate understanding of events and conditions on the mainland. While Leung’s Hong Kong origins have provided a convenient excuse for his many mainland critics to dismiss his writings out of hand, they also make his writing all the more accessible to foreign readers unaccustomed to the excessively circumspect style of traditional Chinese non-fiction.”

As he discusses literature and Shakespeare, Leung is on a crowded Beijing subway train and then a long sidewalk along a Beijing street at night — perhaps to refer to Shakespeare writing for the average person of his time. An intriguing ambiance.

One amusing aside in Leung’s introduction to Shakespeare tells Chinese why they should care about Shakespeare! “Xi Jinping was fascinated by Shakespeare when he read him after being sent down to the countryside in Shaanxi Province. Xi said that he learned a lot about human relationships through his reading of Shakespeare. We too should learn from Xi Jinping and study Shakespeare!”

In the next episode I watched, Leung Man-tao discussed mid-nineteenth century Kyoto, the political ferment among the samurai warrior-intellectual class as the old political order was in terminal decline. As many wanted a restoration of the mythical god-emperor order, Kyoto became steadily more important as a cultural and political meeting place — and the political encounters not infrequently ended in assassination. Leung’s discussion centers around the pre-Meiji Restoration important political thinker (and very low ranking samurai) Sakamoto Ryōma  坂本龙马 . Would there just be endless wars and slaughter?

Leung tells us that Sakamoto called for an end to assassinations [earlier the Wiki bio notes that he was peripherally involved in one such plot but changed his mind later] and a political consultative system that would tie together the whole country. Though he couldn’t boast of being a scholar (though he was an excellent Kendo sportsman) people listened. Nonetheless, he was martyred by one of the very many assassins all around in Japan at that time at the age of thirty-one.

Sakamoto may have been the first Japanese to promote republican ideals (he was a great admirer of George Washington) and human rights in government although, Leung adds, he couldn’t push it too far since he could easily be assassinated by one of the many proponents of restoring the mythical god-emperor system. Sakamoto had a very engaging personality and his constant travel all over Japan made him a great missionary for progressive political ideals.

Leung said that Sakamoto Ryoma was not much appreciated in prewar Japan but is now thanks in large part to the writer of historical novels 司馬遼太郎 Shiba Ryōtarō. Leung explained how that Shiba has had a great influence on contemporary Japanese understanding of Japanese history. Shiba was inspired by the great ancient Chinese historian Sima Qian and so took Sima as the first part of his penname, adding 遼 ‘faraway’ to signify that he was far from being Sima Qian’s equal, and the typical Japanese personal name Taro to signal that he was Japanese. Leung pointed out that Shiba, modeling himself on Sima Qian, was much more willing to make moral judgments about historical figures than are contemporary Japanese historians.

Shiba Ryotaro’s book on Sakamoto Ryoma 竜馬がゆく [Ryoma Goes His Way], the first volume (of eight) was translated into English last year — Ryōtarō Shiba’s ‘RYOMA!’ Translated into English” and is available in an electronic edition. I have been considering getting it to practice my once fairly good (30 years ago) but now rusty Japanese. Maybe later — a reader comment on Amazon Japan noted that Shiba’s historical novel has many 19th century Japanese language expressions that can make it hard going at times but rating it as a superb book.

In Japan more than in other countries, said Leung, a strong academic tradition in history leads to narrow focus and unwillingness to discuss the significance of historical figures, leaving the field open to the historical novelist Shiba. [Not sure about that point myself. During my book shop prowling in Japan, I got that expert academics were more likely to write high-level yet appealing popular books for laypeople that than their US counterparts. One Tokyo University professor told me thirty years ago that academic salaries are not high but publishers offer good fees for publishing books. “My publisher put me in a hotel for two weeks and told me to write!” he said.

There is always the question of the novelist and the amateur historian vs. the professional. I remember hearing my history professors in college complaining about the ideas some of their students got from popular writers. Stimulating anyways and helps one think more broadly…and writing a blog post helps to think about what I think about it! There is quite a lot out there on Shiba’s influence on popular understanding of Japanese history, much of it laudatory:

Shiba Ryōtarō shows that the Japanese state kept falling over and over again into the same pattern of errors.…

The the habits and tastes of a nation don’t change so much in the space of just one hundred or two hundred years.

If so, it is very important that we, who lived in the 21st century, prepare as their own mirror, looking at the Japanese history and Japanese of the 20th century, as Japanese who live in the 21st century. I must have written a work hoping for it. The work on the history of Japan and the Japanese history up to the twentieth century that Shiba Ryōtarō produced is important for us to stare into it as we hold it up as a mirror to our 21st century Japanese selves. This is probably when Shima Ryōtarō meant when he wrote his books. “

The Chinese language Wiki bio of Leung Man-tao noted that he signed (along with Liu Xiaobo and many others) the Charter 08 declaration calling for real democracy in China. 

Wiki: Shiba Ryotaro
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ry%C5%8Dtar%C5%8D_Shiba

Wiki: Sakamoto Ryoma
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakamoto_Ry%C5%8Dma

Leung’s Thousand and One Nights literary/historical/cultural program has many episodes on the program’s YouTube page. 
https://www.youtube.com/playlist…

Many episodes of A Thousand and One Nights are available on YouTube. I look forward to watching more of them! See the complete list updated regularly since the series is still in production.

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PRC TV on the Superiority of Chinese Democracy

Just watched on You Tube Episode 11: “Origins of Western Democracy, Analyzing and Comparing China’s Superiorities, Zhang Weiwei’s Profound Analysis of Chinese Socialism” from a Dragon TV series China Now —  Understanding China Today that was published on their You Tube channel —
中国东方卫视官方频道China DragonTV Official
— on March 25, 2019 

《这就是中国》第11期:溯源西方民主历史 剖析比较中国优势 张维为深度解析中国社会主义民主【东方卫视官方高清】

This episode is on the superiority of Chinese democracy.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GWB6XjREpiQ

From China’s Dragon TV, a series on Today’s China. This episode on Chinese democracy — Chinese is better.

My sketchy notes on the first fifteen minutes of the program. Opens with an informal discussion with university-age young people. Discussion: when westerners complain, their governments don’t pay attention. In China, if the people complain, the government reacts right away. They may curse you, but they pay great attention to public opinion.

Unlike the West. So Chinese democracy is better.

Then a lecture by Fudan University Professor Zhang Weiwei : Why over the past thirty years has the average income of Americans stagnated? They are doing even worse than eastern Europe. So many people still deluded by that colonialist Churchill’s famous saying ‘Democracy is the worst system except for all the others’. Need to distinguish between good democracy, rotten democracy and bad democracy.


Those Westerners are always boasting that they have the best political system. Attempts in some countries in Africa to establish democracy before they have rule of law lead to calamity.  Democratic movements the so-called Arab Spring encouraged by the West led to disaster. Westerners pushing their ‘democracy’ on the world has led to many disasters including waves of African refugees heading to Europe. Those Europeans have as we say in China picked up a big boulder only to smash it down on their own feet!  Chancellor Merkel wanted to welcome all the refugees, but too many, and now she is on the way out. 


Now many people in the West are waking up to the disasters that ‘democracy fundamentalism’ is creating around the world.

An authoritative enunciation of this view just came out in March 2019 issue of the Chinese Communist Party ideological journal Seeking Truth [求实]. The article, entitled

The “Great Political Innovation” that Grew Up on Chinese Soil
——Learning From General Secretary Xi Jinping’s Important Exposition on the New Model for a Political Party System” [中国土壤生长的“伟大政治创造” ——学习习近平总书记关于新型政党制度的重要论述] by Lei Chunfang appeared on the Seeking Truth website on April 1. The article discusses the political party system China has developed since the Communist Party took power in 1949 and particularly since the period of opening and reform began in the late 1970s. General Secretary Xi remarked that this is no system imported from foreign countries but China’s own political invention.

The new Chinese model for a political party system embodies Chinese traditional cultural values in unique values and political ideals such as “everything should be done for the public good”, “be open minded”, “seek common ground while holding on to one’s own views”. In this we have inherited the excellent Chinese traditional cultural genes which have a deep historical background. China’s ancients in their reflections on the cosmic order said that “Everything should be cultivated without harm and our paths should be parallel and not clashing with one another.” In handling human affairs, they sought to “find a middle pathway between alternatives”, “seek harmony and respect differences”. In the arts and aesthetics they stressed the importance of “constraining the eight musical instruments so as to achieve harmony”, “adjusting the five colors to achieve harmony”. In the principles of governance, they stressed “looking out for the good of the common people”, “regularly inquire about the well-being of the most humble”, “make a system for the discussion of public affairs but don’t get obsessed with politics” based on their long experience. Our Chinese new political party model has absorbed what is reasonable in these traditional ideas….

At the conclusion of the article Lei Chunfang discusses the significance of China’s new political model. Lei writes that it is the political system is the “system password” that made booting up the “Chinese miracle” possible, it is the system that made possible the great renaissance of the Chinese nation, and has provided the world with the Chinese model for the development of political parties.

The Chinese model for developing a political party system. If the party system can be taken as the “operating system” of state power and democratic politics, then China’s new party system model is an essential “operating systems” for the functioning of its socialist political system with Chinese characteristics. This model prescribes a process for fostering democracy, collecting ideas from far and wide, by promoting ideological unity, and by building consensus. This model prescribes a process of scientific and democratic decision-making. The Chinese model eliminates the chaos of Western “money politics”, “oligarch politics” and “politician-centered politics”, avoids “politicians arranging their succession”, and the farce and the chaos of so-called competition between distinct political parties. All this clearly demonstrates the wisdom of the Chinese in providing to the world this Chinese development of a political party system.


Please consider your thoughts duly rectified!

中国土壤生长的“伟大政治创造”

——学习习近平总书记关于新型政党制度的重要论述

来源:《求是》2019/07 作者:雷春芳 2019-04-01 09:00:00

  今年,是新中国成立70周年,也是中国共产党团结带领各民主党派、无党派人士、各人民团体和各族各界人士共同创建的人民政协制度创立70周年。

  2018年全国“两会”期间,习近平总书记在看望参加全国政协十三届一次会议的民盟、致公党、无党派人士、侨联界委员时发表重要讲话,深刻阐述了人民政协制度这一新型政党制度的丰富内涵,对于我们坚定制度自信,坚持和发展中国特色社会主义民主政治,具有十分重要的意义。

  一、新型政党制度如何创造?

  新型政党制度,就是指中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度。习近平总书记指出,这一制度是中国共产党、中国人民和各民主党派、无党派人士的伟大政治创造,是从中国土壤中生长出来的新型政党制度。这里有两个关键词,一是“政治创造”,表明这一制度前无古人,是全新的、开创性的;一是“中国土壤”,表明这一制度不是舶来品,而是土生土长的、独具中国特色的。

  从创立过程看,新型政党制度是近代以来中国人民在寻求民族独立和解放、追求人民民主的伟大实践中逐步探索形成的,是中国共产党与各民主党派、无党派人士的共同选择和创新的制度成果,经受了历史和实践检验。早在抗日战争时期,中国共产党同各民主党派、无党派人士就团结合作,在抗日根据地实行“三三制”原则,结成最广泛的抗日民族统一战线。解放战争时期,为反对国民党的独裁统治,中国共产党又同各民主党派、无党派人士结成包括工人阶级、农民阶级、小资产阶级和民族资产阶级的人民民主统一战线。特别是1948年“五一”劳动节前夕,中国共产党郑重发表“五一口号”,提出成立民主联合政府的倡议,得到各民主党派和无党派人士、各人民团体和各族各界人士积极响应和拥护。这标志着各民主党派和无党派人士公开自觉接受中国共产党的领导,开启了新型政党制度建设的历史新篇章。1949年9月,中国人民政治协商会议第一届全体会议隆重召开,中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度正式建立,中国人民创造性地走出了一条不同于西方两党制、多党制,也不同于苏联政党制度的全新政党制度。

  从文化传承看,新型政党制度充分体现了中国传统文化中天下为公、兼容并蓄、求同存异等独特价值观念和政治理念,传承了中华优秀传统文化基因,有深厚的历史渊源。比如,古人在宇宙秩序上讲求“万物并育而不相害,道并行而不相悖”;在为人处世上讲究“执两用中”、“和而不同”;在艺术审美上强调“八音克谐”、“五色调和”;在治国理政上总结出了“谋及庶人”、“询于刍荛”、“议事以制,政乃不迷”等重要经验。我国新型政党制度充分吸收了这些传统理念所蕴含的合理价值。

  二、新型政党制度有何特色?

  习近平总书记用3个“新就新在”和“有效避免”,深刻阐述了新型政党制度“新”在何处。究其根本,这种“新”主要是因为这一制度有着不同于旧式政党制度的鲜明特色。

  一是根本利益的一致性。新型政党制度之所以被称为“新型”,在于它尊重差异、包容多样,重视各阶层人民的不同利益和要求,坚持全国人民根本利益与各阶层人民具体利益的统一。中国共产党的宗旨是全心全意为人民服务,初心和使命是为中国人民谋幸福、为中华民族谋复兴。各民主党派、无党派人士虽然代表不同社会阶层和社会群体的具体利益,但这是人民内部根本利益一致基础上的具体利益差别。他们放弃“第三条道路”,选择同共产党团结合作,看到并认同中国共产党的宗旨、初心和使命。1949年1月22日,到达解放区的55名民主人士联名发表《我们对于时局的意见》,鲜明提出“要创造一个人民做主人的自由的生活方式和尽可能地高度的生活水准”、“做人民民主共和国的真正的主人”。这种根本利益的一致性,是新型政党制度成功实践的前提和基础。正如习近平总书记指出,新型政党制度能够真实、广泛、持久代表和实现最广大人民根本利益、全国各族各界根本利益,有效避免了旧式政党制度代表少数人、少数利益集团的弊端。

  二是奋斗目标的同向性。在新型政党制度下,各民主党派是参政党,而不是反对党或在野党;与中国共产党是参政党与执政党在国家政治生活中亲密团结、合作共事的关系,而不是多党竞争、互为对手,其中一个重要原因,就是因为奋斗目标具有同向性。1948年,中共中央“五一口号”明确提出:“全国劳动人民团结起来,联合全国知识分子、自由资产阶级、各民主党派、社会贤达和其他爱国分子,巩固与扩大反对帝国主义、反对封建主义、反对官僚资本主义的统一战线,为着打倒蒋介石,建立新中国而共同奋斗。”各民主党派和无党派人士立即表达了希望“中国人民民主革命之迅速成功,独立、自由、和平、幸福的新中国之早日实现”的良好愿望。在长期的革命、建设、改革实践中,各民主党派始终与中国共产党肝胆相照、荣辱与共,认真履行参政议政、民主监督,参加中国共产党领导的政治协商的基本职能,朝着共同的奋斗目标风雨同舟、同向同行。这种奋斗目标的同向性,是新型政党制度良性运行的关键所在,也是各民主党派和无党派人士能够成为中国共产党的好参谋、好帮手、好同事的重要保证。正如习近平总书记指出,新型政党制度把各个政党和无党派人士紧密团结起来、为着共同目标而奋斗,有效避免了一党缺乏监督或者多党轮流坐庄、恶性竞争的弊端。

  三是运行模式的民主性。我国新型政党制度的一个显著优势,就是能够博采众谋、集思广益,能够发扬民主、凝聚共识。1945年7月,毛泽东同志在同民主人士黄炎培先生讨论历史周期率问题时指出,我们已经找到新路,我们能跳出这周期率,这条新路,就是民主。习近平总书记在2017年春节前夕与党外人士新春座谈时的重要讲话中,用两句古语形象地表达了这种民主氛围,即“虚心公听,言无逆逊,唯是之从”,这是执政党应有的胸襟;“凡议国事,惟论是非,不徇好恶”,这是参政党应有的担当。长期以来,中国共产党坚持向民主党派等党外人士通报有关会议精神、就国家政治经济社会等各领域重大问题征求他们意见,已成为一个优良传统。全国政协目前已形成以全体会议为龙头,以专题议政性常委会议和专题协商会为重点,以双周协商座谈会、对口协商会、提案办理协商会等为常态的协商议政格局。党的十八大以来,各民主党派向中共中央、国务院报送意见建议近600条;全国政协委员、政协各参加单位和各专门委员会,提出提案3.4万多件,立案2.8万多件,办复率达99%以上。可以说,正因为运行模式的民主性,新型政党制度使“众人的事情由众人商量”真正变成了现实。正如习近平总书记指出,它通过制度化、程序化、规范化的安排集中各种意见和建议、推动决策科学化民主化,有效避免了旧式政党制度囿于党派利益、阶级利益、区域和集团利益决策施政导致社会撕裂的弊端。

  三、新型政党制度意义何在?

  习近平总书记指出,新型政党制度不仅符合当代中国实际,而且符合中华民族一贯倡导的天下为公、兼容并蓄、求同存异等优秀传统文化,是对人类政治文明的重大贡献。对其重要意义,可以从3个方面理解。

  ——中国奇迹背后的制度密码。新中国成立以来特别是改革开放以来,我国经济社会持续快速发展,取得的成就举世瞩目,被国际社会称为“中国奇迹”。奇迹的背后,正是中国独特的政治制度在发挥重要作用,新型政党制度就是其中一个重要“密码”。因为在新型政党制度实践中,中国共产党同各民主党派和无党派人士“心往一处想、智往一处谋、劲往一处使”,能够把各方面力量广泛凝聚起来,形成推动经济社会发展的强大合力。

  ——实现民族复兴的制度保障。实现中华民族伟大复兴是近代以来中华民族最伟大的梦想,但这一任务极其艰巨繁重,光靠中国共产党“千里走单骑”是不行的,必须凝聚各方面智慧和力量共同奋斗。新型政党制度始终坚持团结和民主两大主题,始终致力于大团结大联合,是凝聚各方面智慧和力量的制度设计,能够最大限度地凝聚人心、凝聚共识、凝聚智慧、凝聚力量,汇聚起同心共筑中国梦的磅礴伟力。

  ——政党制度发展的中国方案。如果说政党制度是国家政权和民主政治的“操作系统”,那么,我国新型政党制度就是中国特色社会主义政治制度良性运转的重要“操作系统”之一。它的运转过程,是发扬民主、集思广益的过程,是统一思想、凝聚共识的过程,也是科学决策、民主决策的过程。这一制度设计,杜绝了西方“金钱政治”、“寡头政治”、“政客政治”的乱象,避免了“你方唱罢我登场”、不同政党对着干的闹剧,充分彰显中国智慧,为世界政党制度发展提供了中国方案。

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